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Ti3C2TX MXenes材料在超级电容器中的应用研究进展

张亚林 王梦倩 陈兴刚 蔡艳青 许莹

张亚林, 王梦倩, 陈兴刚, 等. Ti3C2TX MXenes材料在超级电容器中的应用研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-10
引用本文: 张亚林, 王梦倩, 陈兴刚, 等. Ti3C2TX MXenes材料在超级电容器中的应用研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-10
Yalin ZHANG, Mengqian WANG, Xinggang CHEN, Yanqing CAI, Ying XU. Research progress of application of Ti3C2TX MXenes materials in supercapacitors[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: Yalin ZHANG, Mengqian WANG, Xinggang CHEN, Yanqing CAI, Ying XU. Research progress of application of Ti3C2TX MXenes materials in supercapacitors[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

Ti3C2TX MXenes材料在超级电容器中的应用研究进展

基金项目: 河北省自然科学基金(E2020209097);唐山市科技计划项目(21130229 C)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    蔡艳青,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为:储能材料、熔盐电化学、医用生物材料等 E-mail:caiyanqing126@126.com

  • 中图分类号: (TB332)

Research progress of application of Ti3C2TX MXenes materials in supercapacitors

  • 摘要: 近年来人们对储能设备的需求加大,超级电容器因其优异的性能而受到研究者青睐。二维过渡MXenes材料是一种类似于石墨烯的二维片层材料,具有独特的结构和丰富的官能团,其中Ti3C2TX MXenes材料因其具有优异的导电性、高比面积和高比电容等优点而被广泛用作超级电容器电极材料。然而,Ti3C2TX材料存在易氧化和自堆叠等问题,作为电极材料需要对其性能进行改性和优化。本文主要介绍了Ti3C2TX材料常用的制备方法,如HF刻蚀、氟化盐刻蚀、碱刻蚀、电化学刻蚀等,以及Ti3C2TX在超级电容器应用过程的性能改性研究现状,包括构建Ti3C2TX多孔结构、进行表面修饰以及制备Ti3C2TX复合电极,并展望了Ti3C2TX型超级电容器未来的发展趋势。

     

  • 图  1  MAX刻蚀过程示意图(a)及形貌(b)[6]

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram (a)and morphology of MAX etching process(b) [6]

    图  2  碱性条件下合成Ti3C2TX[26]

    Figure  2.  Synthesis of Ti3C2TX under alkaline conditions[26]

    图  3  阳离子交联Ti3C2TX示意图[42]

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of cationic crosslinked Ti3C2TX[42]

    图  4  将Li+引入Ti3C2TX的XRD[48]

    Figure  4.  XRD of introducing Li+ into Ti3C2TX[48]

    图  5  烷基阳离子插层Ti3C2TX示意图[50]

    Figure  5.  Schematic diagram of alkyl cation intercalated Ti3C2TX[50]

    图  6  Ti3C2TX的TG曲线[51]

    Figure  6.  TG curve of Ti3C2TX[51]

    图  7  将S插入Ti3C2TX流程示意图[52]

    Figure  7.  Flow diagram of insert S into Ti3C2TX [52]

    图  8  制备过程MXenes/ CNTs的示意图[54]

    Figure  8.  Schematic diagram of preparation process MXenes/CNTs[54]

    图  9  Ti3C2TX@CNTs电化学测试图[55]

    不同电极的CV曲线(A)和GCD曲线(B) ((a) Ti3C2TX、(b) Ti3C2TX@PDA、(c) Ti3C2TX@CNTs-6.0-PDA-0、(d) Ti3C2TX@CNTs-3.0、(e) Ti3C2TX@CNTs-6.0、(f) Ti3C2TX@CNTs-15.0和(g) Ti3C2TX@CNTs-20.0)以及Ti3C2TX@CNTs-6.0电极的CV曲线(C)和GCD曲线(D)

    Figure  9.  Ti3C2TX@CNTs Electrochemical test chart[55]

    CV curve (A) and GCD curve (B) of different electrodes ((a)Ti3C2TX;(b)Ti3C2TX@PDA;(c)Ti3C2TX@CNTs -6.0-PDA-0;(d)Ti3C2TX@CNTs -3.0;(e)Ti3C2TX@CNTs -6.0;(f)Ti3C2TX@CNTs -15.0 and (g)Ti3C2TX@CNTs -20.0),as well as CV curve (C) and GCD curve (D) of Ti3C2TX@CNTs -6.0 electrode

    图  10  Ti3C2TX@MnO2电化学测试图[55]

    (A) CV曲线、(B)GCD曲线、(C)比电容、(D)Nyquist曲线、(E)EIS图谱的等效电路、(F)在3 Ag-1下的循环稳定性(其中:(a) Ti3C2TX、(b) Ti3C2TX@PDA、(c) Ti3C2TX@δ-MnO2 NSs、(d) Ti3C2TX@α-MnO2 NRs、(e) Ti3C2TX@α-MnO2 NFs、(f) Ti3C2TX@α-MnO2NWs

    Figure  10.  Ti3C2TX@MnO2 electrochemical test chart[55]

    (A)CV curve、(B)GCD curve、(C)specific capacitance、(D)Nyquist curve、(E) equivalent circuit of EIS map、(F)cycle stability under 3 Ag-1 ((a) Ti3C2TX, (b) Ti3C2TX @PDA、(c)Ti3C2TX@δ- MnO2 NSs、(d)Ti3C2TX@α-MnO2 NRs、(e)Ti3C2TX@α- MnO2NFs、(f) Ti3C2TX@α-MnO2NWs

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  • 收稿日期:  2022-01-25
  • 录用日期:  2022-04-06
  • 修回日期:  2022-03-25
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-18

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