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柔性纤维状电池研究进展

许帅 孙江东 孙鹏飞 胡侨乐 聂文琪 徐珍珍

许帅, 孙江东, 孙鹏飞, 等. 柔性纤维状电池研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-12
引用本文: 许帅, 孙江东, 孙鹏飞, 等. 柔性纤维状电池研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-12
Shuai XU, Jiangdong SUN, Pengfei SUN, Qiaole HU, Wenqi NIE, Zhenzhen XU. Flexible and fiber-shaped batteries—A review[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: Shuai XU, Jiangdong SUN, Pengfei SUN, Qiaole HU, Wenqi NIE, Zhenzhen XU. Flexible and fiber-shaped batteries—A review[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

柔性纤维状电池研究进展

基金项目: 省部共建生物多糖纤维成形与生态纺织国家重点实验室(青岛大学)开放课题资助项目(KF2020210);安徽省自然科学基金(2008085 QE213);安徽工程大学开放课题(Xjky2020038),安徽工程大学科研启动基金(2020 YQQ044),安徽省纺织工程技术研究中心、安徽省高等学校纺织面料重点实验室开放基金资助(2021 AETKL06)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    聂文琪,博士,讲师,研究方向为可穿戴产储能器件及传感器 E-mail: wenqinie@163.com

    徐珍珍,博士,教授,研究方向纺织复合材料及柔性储能器件 E-mail: xuzhenzhen@ahpu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB34

Flexible and fiber-shaped batteries—A review

Funds: State Key Laboratory of Bio-Fibers and Eco-Textiles(Qingdao University), Qingdao, 266071;Natural Science Foundation of Anhui Province (2008085 QE213);Research Funding from Anhui Polytechnic University(Xjky2020038)(2020 YQQ044);Open Project Program of Anhui Engineering and Technology Research Center of Textile, Anhui Province College of Anhui Province College Key Laboratory of Textile Fabrics(2021 AETKL06)
  • 摘要: 纤维电池具有维度低,灵活性好,形状普适性强,与纺织品高度融合等特点,可满足柔性电子产品电路元件的供能需求。近年来纤维电池的研究,不仅关注于电极材料的微纳复合,探索多功能、可扩展和高集成系统的纤维电池逐渐成为研发的焦点。此外,规模化生产纤维状电池也取得了一定的突破,包括电池组装、集成、连续生产等。基于此,本文从纤维基底材料和制备工艺两方面对近期纤维电池的研究成果展开论述,并对工业化生产纤维电池的最新突破进行评述,最后,总结纤维状电池发展存在的问题并分析展望未来需要攻克的重点难点。

     

  • 图  1  :三种纤维电池配置的示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic representation for the three types of fiber-shaped battery configurations.

    图  2  锂离子纤维电池(a)空心卷绕纤维电池结构示意图及制备[7];(b)SSFs基底纤维电池制备[8];(c)同轴结构锂离子纤维电池[9];(d)纤维状锂空气电池结构及制备[10];(e-i)卷绕制备电极;(e-ii)双包缠制备纤维电池[11];(f)棉纱基底的锂空气电池[12];(g)高电解质容量的同轴锂离子电池[13]

    Figure  2.  Fiber-sharped lithium-ion batteries. (a) Schematic illustration of hollow wound fiber battery structure and preparation process[7]; (b) SSFs substrate fiber-sharped battery preparation[8]; (c) Coaxial structure lithium-ion fiber-sharped battery[9]; (d) Fiber-sharped lithium-air battery structure and preparation[10]; (e-i) Winding preparation of electrodes; (e-ii) Double wrapping preparation of fiber-sharped battery[11]; (f) Lithium-air battery used cotton yarn substrate[12]; (g) Coaxial lithium-ion battery with high electrolyte capacity[13].

    图  3  (a)SS基底锌离子电池[14];(b-i)全固态镍锌纤维电池结构及SEM图像;(b-ii)多孔Ni-NiO纳米片异质结构;(b-iii)电池循环充放电寿命[15];(c)超高形变纤维电池[16];(d-i)湿法纺丝制备纤维电池;(d-ii)锌离子纤维电池柔性展示[17];(e)纤维素基底纤维电池[18];(f-i)螺旋状多组份芯壳结构的纤维电池制备;(f-ii)活性材料的裂纹结构;(f-iii)纤维电池为脉冲系统供电示意图[19];(g)超螺旋结构锌离子纤维电池[20]

    Figure  3.  (a) SS substrate zinc-ion battery[14]; (b-i) All-solid-state Ni-Zn fiber battery structure and SEM images; (b-ii) Porous Ni-NiO nanosheet heterostructure; (b-iii) Battery cyclic charge/discharge life[15]; (c) Ultra-high deformation fiber-sharped battery[16]; (d-i) Wet spinning preparation of fiber-sharped battery; (d-ii) Flexible demonstration of ZIBs[17]; (e) Cellulose substrate fiber-sharped battery; (f-i) Preparation of fiber battery with spiral multi-component core-shell structure[18]; (f-ii) Cracked structure of active material; (f-iii) Schematic illustration of fiber-sharped battery to power a pulsed system[19]; (g) Super spiral structure zinc-ion fiber battery[20].

    图  4  (a)碳纳米纤维基底纤维电池示意图及电化学性能[21];(b)碳纳米管纤维基底纤维电池示意图及电化学性能[22];(c)碳纤维基底纤维电池示意图及柔性展示[23]

    Figure  4.  (a) Schematic illustration and electrochemical performance of CNFs substrate fiber-sharped battery[21]; (b) Schematic illustration and electrochemical performance of CNTFs substrate fiber-sharped battery[22]; (c) Schematic illustration and flexible demonstration of CFs substrate fiber-sharped battery[23].

    图  5  新型材料基纤维电池(a)加捻型Zn/Ag2O电池示意图[24];(b-i)自支撑MOF纤维电池;(b-ii)无粘结电极的优势[25];(c)自组装钴材料纤维电池[26];(d-i)液态金属基纤维电池结构示意图;(d-ii)液态金属电池电流调控[27];(e)超大变形的液态金属基纤维电池结构示意图[28];(f)钒酸铵基纤维电池结构示意图[29]

    Figure  5.  New material-based fiber-sharped battery(a) Schematic illustration of twisted Zn/Ag2O battery[24]; (b-i) Self-standing MOF fiber-sharped battery; (b-ii) Advantages of unbonded electrodes[25]; (c) Self-assembled cobalt material fiber-sharped battery[26]; (d-i) Schematic illustration of liquid metal-based fiber-sharped battery structure; (d-ii) Liquid metal battery current regulation[27]; (e)Oversized deformed liquid metal-based fiber-sharped battery structure schematic illustration[28]; (f) Schematic illustration of ammonium vanadate-based fiber-sharped battery[29].

    图  6  纤维电池生产工艺(a-i)3 D打印纤维电池;(a-ii)纤维电池与纺织品融合示意图[33];(b-i)上浆涂覆工艺生产纤维电池;(b-ii)纤维电池内阻与长度理论模型[34];(c)拉伸挤出纤维状电池示意图及电化学性能[35];(d)溶液挤压工艺制备纤维电池示意图[36]

    Figure  6.  Fiber-sharped battery production process (a-i)3 D printed fiber-sharped battery; (a-ii) Schematic illustration of fiber-sharped battery fusion with textile[33]; (b-i)Fiber-sharped battery production by sizing and coating process; (b-ii) Theoretical model of fiber-sharped battery internal resistance and length[34];(c)Schematic illustration and electrochemical properties of stretch extruded fiber-sharped battery[35];(d) Schematic illustration of fiber-sharped battery solution extrusion process[36].

    表  1  不同类型纤维电池性能评价

    Table  1.   Summary of fiber-shaped batteries discussed in this review.

    Fiber devicesCathode anodeSpecific capacityEnergy densityCapacity retention/cycles/
    current density
    Ref.
    LIBs Al
    Ni-Sn/Cu
    N/A N/A N/A [7]
    RGO/S/SSF
    Li wire
    762.5 mAh/g
    (0.1 C)
    N/A 50.3%/100/0.1 C [8]
    N-CNTs@Ti
    CO2
    9292.3 mAh/g
    (250 mA/g)
    N/A 100%/45/250 mA/g [10]
    Si/CNT
    CNT
    1250 mAh/g
    (0.1 mA)
    512 Wh/Kg 80%/100/0.1 mA [9]
    CNT-LMO
    CNT-Si/CNT
    0.22 mAh/cm
    (0.4 C)
    0.75 mWh/cm 94%/100/1 C [11]
    RuO2/N-CNTs
    O2
    1981 mAh/g
    (320 mA/g)
    N/A N/A [12]
    Graphite-CNT
    Graphite-CNT
    353 mAh/g
    (0.5 C)
    144 mWh/cm3 99.8%/500/1 C [13]
    ZIBs MnO2/PPy@SS
    Zn@SS
    174.2 mAh/g
    (0.5 C)
    N/A 60%/1000/2 C [14]
    Ni-NiO
    Zn
    237.8 µAh/cm3
    (3.7 A/g)
    6.6 µWh/cm2 96.6%/10000/3.7 A/g [15]
    Zn@SF
    G/P@SF
    32.5 mAh/cm3
    (10 mA/cm3)
    36 mWh/cm3 76.5%/1000/10 mA [16]
    MnO2/rGO
    Zn
    230 mAh/g
    (0.4 C)
    N/A 80%/200/0.4 C [17]
    PANI@Cellulse
    Zn@ Cellulse
    189.1 mAh/g
    (2 A/g)
    61.1 Wh/Kg 91.9%/1000/5 A/g [18]
    SCNF@Ni@NiCo
    SCNF@Zn
    19.15 μAh/cm
    (0.1 mA/cm)
    249.2 Wh/Kg 50%/500/ 9.2 A/g [19]
    MnO2-CNT
    Zn-CNT@spandex
    0.029 mAh/cm
    (0.05 mA/cm)
    N/A N/A [20]
    Zn/CNF
    PANI/CNF
    145 mAh/g
    (0.2 A/g)
    58.8 Wh/Kg 75.1%/1000/0.2 A/g [21]
    Zn-CoNiO2@Ni(OH)2
    TiN@Bi2O3
    314.96 mWh/cm3
    (3 mA/cm2)
    20.04 W/cm3 88.6%/5000/ 3 mA/cm2 [22]
    Zn
    MnO2/C
    166 mAh/g
    (70 mA/g)
    0.2 mWh/cm Not rechargeable [23]
    MOFs CNTF-NCA-Ag2O
    Zn
    1.03 mAh/cm2
    (0.5 mA/cm2)
    14.4 mWh/cm2 79.5%/200/0.5 mA [24]
    Ni-MOF-74@CNTF
    Zn
    108 mWh/cm3
    (0.5 A/cm3)
    186.28 mWh/cm3 87.66%/1000/2 A/cm3 [25]
    Co3O4 NSs@CNTF
    Zn@CNTF
    158.70 mAh/g
    (1 A/g)
    N/A 97.27%/10000/1 A/g [26]
    Liquid
    Metal
    EGILM
    O2
    214.8 mAh/g
    (0.5 mA/cm2)
    303.2 mWh/g N/A [27]
    PANI
    Ga68In22Sn10
    223.9 mAh/g
    (0.2 A/g)
    4300 mW/g 80.3%/500/ 0.2 A/g [28]
    NH4+ CF@NH4V4O10
    CF@PANI
    167 mAh/g
    (0.1 A /g)
    N/A 73.3%/1000/0.1 A/g [29]
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-04-01
  • 录用日期:  2021-05-19
  • 修回日期:  2021-04-27
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-06-14

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