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CF/PEEK热塑性复合材料结晶行为表征及分析

孙小巍 李文静 刘凯 刘振东 张志俊 孟波 王泽卉

孙小巍, 李文静, 刘凯, 等. CF/PEEK热塑性复合材料结晶行为表征及分析[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 42(0): 1-12.
引用本文: 孙小巍, 李文静, 刘凯, 等. CF/PEEK热塑性复合材料结晶行为表征及分析[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 42(0): 1-12.
SUN Xiaowei, LI Wenjing, LIU Kai, et al. Crystallization behavior characterization and analysis of CF/PEEK thermoplastic composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: SUN Xiaowei, LI Wenjing, LIU Kai, et al. Crystallization behavior characterization and analysis of CF/PEEK thermoplastic composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

CF/PEEK热塑性复合材料结晶行为表征及分析

基金项目: 重点实验室基金一般项目 (6142906220101)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    刘凯,博士,副教授,博士生导师,研究方向为复合材料工艺力学 E-mail: liukai0704@bit.edu.cn

    刘振东,博士,博士后,研究方向为热固性复合材料固化变形分析与控制方法 E-mail: lzdid@bit.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB332

Crystallization behavior characterization and analysis of CF/PEEK thermoplastic composites

Funds: Key Laboratory Fund General Projects (6142906220101)
  • 摘要: 为了深入了解热塑性复合材料在非等温热成型工艺下的晶体结构和组织演变规律,优化成型工艺参数并提高热塑性复合材料结构成型质量及其热、力学性能,本文研究了碳纤维增强聚醚醚酮(CF/PEEK)热塑性复合材料在不同降温速率下的结晶行为。开展了不同冷却速率下CF/PEEK复合材料的DSC测试实验。基于Avrami方程、Ozawa方程和Mo方程描述了CF/PEEK复合材料的非等温结晶行为,计算了非等温结晶活化能并建立了结晶度演化动力学模型。此外,本文还使用光纤布拉格光栅(FBG)对CF/PEEK复合材料融凝过程进行了原位检测,结合结晶度演化模型分析了聚合物基体融凝过程中的应变变化机制。结果表明,CF/PEEK复合材料结晶度随冷却速率的增大而减小,对应的结晶时间也同样减少。经验证,本文建立的结晶度演化动力学模型能够有效分析任意冷却速率下CF/PEEK复合材料的结晶度演化过程,可以结合FBG应变检测分析CF/PEEK热塑性复合材料融凝过程中基体相变对特征应变的影响。

     

  • 图  2  不同冷却速率下碳纤维增强聚醚醚酮(CF/PEEK)复合材料非等温熔融/结晶过程热流曲线图:(a)熔融;(b)结晶

    Figure  2.  Heat flow curves of non-isothermal melting/crystallization of carbon fiber reinforced polyetheretherketone (CF/PEEK) composites at different cooling rates: (a) melting ; (b)crystallization

    图  1  (a)横截面图;(b)嵌入FBG传感器示意图

    Figure  1.  (a) Cross section of Laminate with embedded FBGs; (b) Cross section of Laminate with embedded FBGs

    图  3  不同冷却速率下CF/PEEK复合材料二次升温熔融过程热流曲线图

    Figure  3.  Heat flow curves of CF/PEEK composites during reheating melting process at different cooling rates

    图  4  CF/PEEK复合材料:(a)相对结晶度Xc(t)与温度关系曲线 (b)相对结晶度Xc(t)与时间关系曲线

    Figure  4.  CF/PEEK composites: (a)Relative crystallinity Xc(t)-temperature curves;(b) Relative crystallinity Xc(t)-time curves

    图  5  CF/PEEK复合材料的非等温结晶过程中log[-ln(1-Xc(t))]和logt的Avrami图

    Figure  5.  Plots of log[-ln(1-Xc(t))] vs. logt of non-isothermal crystallization process of CF/PEEK composites

    图  6  CF/PEEK复合材料的非等温结晶过程中log[-ln(1-Xc(T))]和logΦ的Ozawa图

    Figure  6.  Plots of log [-ln(1-Xc(T))] vs. logΦ of non-isothermal crystallization process of CF/PEEK composites

    图  7  CF/PEEK复合材料的非等温结晶过程中logΦ和logt的Mo图

    Figure  7.  Plots of logΦ vs. logt of non-isothermal crystallization process of CF/PEEK composites

    图  8  CF/PEEK复合材料的ln(Φ/Tp2 )-1000/Tp拟合曲线图

    Figure  8.  ln(Φ/Tp2 )-1000/Tp fitting curve of CF/PEEK composites

    图  9  CF/PEEK复合材料的t1/2n1To随冷却速率的拟合结果:(a)t1/2;(b)n1; (c)To

    Figure  9.  Fitting results of t1/2n and To with cooling rates of CF/PEEK composites: (a)t1/2;(b)n1; (c)To

    图  10  CF/PEEK复合材料的DSC测试和模型预测结果对比:(a) 5℃·min−1;(b) 10℃·min−1;(c) 15℃·min−1;(d) 20℃·min−1;(e) 18℃·min−1

    Figure  10.  Comparison of CF/PEEK composites DSC test and model output results: (a) 5℃·min−1;(b) 10℃·min−1; (a)5℃·min−1;(b) 10℃·min−1;(c) 15℃·min−1;(d) 20℃·min−1;(e) 18℃·min−1

    图  11  CF/PEEK复合材料的温度、应变及相对结晶度曲线图:(a) 0°方向;(b) 90°方向;(c)纯PEEK树脂

    Figure  11.  Temperature, strain and relative crystallinity curves of CF/PEEK composites: (a) 0°direction; (b) 90°direction; (c) pure PEEK resin

    表  1  CF/PEEK复合材料不同冷却速率下的结晶参数

    Table  1.   Crystallization parameters of CF/PEEK composites at different cooling rates

    Samples Φ/(℃·min−1) To/℃ Tp/℃ Te/℃ Tcc/℃ Tm/℃ tc/min Xc/%
    1 5 315.5 302.8 279.5 173.2 337.7 7.2 23.1
    2 10 311.0 299.4 268.9 173.0 340.1 4.2 20.8
    3 15 308.4 294.4 262.6 172.8 338.9 3.1 20.1
    4 20 301.5 283.9 243.2 169.2 337.6 2.9 19.8
    Notes:To is the crystallization initiation temperature; Tp is the peak crystallization temperature; Te is the crystallization end temperature; Tcc is the cold crystallization temperature; Tm is the melting point; tc is the crystallization time; Xc is the absolute crystallinity.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  CF/PEEK复合材料不同冷却速率下的Avrami结晶参数

    Table  2.   Avrami crystallization parameters of CF/PEEK composites at different cooling rates

    Cooling Rate/(℃·min−1) n Zt
    5 2.58 0.01
    10 2.56 0.18
    15 2.69 0.28
    20 2.52 0.55
    Notes:n is the exponents of Avrami's equation; Zt is the crystallization rate constant.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  CF/PEEK复合材料的Ozawa结晶参数

    Table  3.   Ozawa crystallization parameters of CF/PEEK composites

    Temperature/℃mK(T)
    2780.5025.12
    2881.1572.44
    2981.3252.48
    Notes:m is the exponents of Ozawa's equation; K(T) is the cooling function.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  CF/PEEK复合材料的Mo结晶参数

    Table  4.   Mo crystallization parameters of CF/PEEK composites

    Xc(t)/%bF(T)
    100.7610.96
    300.7314.45
    500.7917.38
    700.8621.88
    901.0033.11
    Notes:b is the exponents of Mo's equation; F(T) is the cooling rate value.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  CF/PEEK复合材料非等温结晶特征值

    Table  5.   Non-isothermal crystallization characteristics of CF/PEEK composites

    Cooling Rate/(℃·min−1) t1/2/min n1 To/℃
    5 2.60 2.33 315.53
    10 1.50 2.68 311.01
    15 1.20 2.95 308.38
    20 0.98 2.60 301.52
    Notes:t1/2 is the half-crystallization time; n1 is the previous exponent of Avrami equation; To is the crystallization initiation temperature.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2024-01-23
  • 修回日期:  2024-03-28
  • 录用日期:  2024-04-14
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-04-25

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