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静电纺丝技术制备复合纳米纤维电磁屏蔽及吸波材料的研究进展

王喜花 刘涛 黄丽 袁野

王喜花, 刘涛, 黄丽, 等. 静电纺丝技术制备复合纳米纤维电磁屏蔽及吸波材料的研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-12
引用本文: 王喜花, 刘涛, 黄丽, 等. 静电纺丝技术制备复合纳米纤维电磁屏蔽及吸波材料的研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-12
Xihua WANG, Tao LIU, Li HUANG, Ye YUAN. Research progress for preparation of composite nanofiber electromagnetic shielding and absorbing materials by electrostatic spinning technology[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: Xihua WANG, Tao LIU, Li HUANG, Ye YUAN. Research progress for preparation of composite nanofiber electromagnetic shielding and absorbing materials by electrostatic spinning technology[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

静电纺丝技术制备复合纳米纤维电磁屏蔽及吸波材料的研究进展

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    袁野,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为碳基吸波材料基础研究 E-mail:yuanyewins@hebut.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB34

Research progress for preparation of composite nanofiber electromagnetic shielding and absorbing materials by electrostatic spinning technology

  • 摘要: 随着信息时代的到来,电磁波的泄漏给人类健康带来了严重的危害,因此,高性能电磁防护材料的设计迫在眉睫。静电纺丝技术制备的复合纳米纤维具有质量轻、成本低、比表面积大、易加工和物理化学性能稳定等优点,是近年来高性能电磁屏蔽及吸波材料研究的热点。文章首先介绍了电磁屏蔽及吸波的基本原理,并结合国内外研究现状,将市场上应用广泛的电磁屏蔽及吸波材料系统的分成了金属及金属氧化物,碳材料,导电聚合物和过渡金属碳化物四类,并进行了详细了介绍。同时,综述了各种填料对电磁屏蔽及吸波性能的影响及目前正面临的问题。

     

  • 图  1  静电纺丝法制备电磁屏蔽及吸波材料综述

    Figure  1.  Overview of electrostatic spinning method for the preparation of electromagnetic shielding and absorbing materials

    图  2  (a)APAN-Ag-SA-T复合材料的制备过程。(b)APAN-Ag-SA-2.0的电导率测试。(c)(d)APAN-Ag-SA-2.0膜的耐腐蚀性测量。(e)APAN-Ag-SA-T在不同波段的$ {S}_{T} $[31].

    Figure  2.  (a) Preparation process of APAN-Ag-SA-T composite. (b) Conductivity test of APAN-Ag-SA-2.0. (c) (d) Measurement of corrosion resistance of APAN-Ag-SA-2.0 film. (e) $ {S}_{T} $ of APAN-Ag-SA-T in different wavelength bands[31].

    图  3  (a)BP/NF复合膜的制备过程,(b)BP/NF的横向截面图,(c)弯曲的BP/NF复合材料,(d)不同热轧温度下BP/NF的$ {S}_{T} $[39]

    Figure  3.  (a) Preparation process of BP/NF composite film, (b) Cross section of the BP/NF, (c) a bent BP/NFcomposite membrane, (d) $ {S}_{T} $ of BP/NF at different thermal-rolling[39].

    图  4  (a)Co/CPNFs制备过程;(((b), (c)) Co/CPNFs的形貌SEM图像;(d)不同厚度下Co/CPNFs的反射损耗[53]

    Figure  4.  (a) Preparation process of Co/CPNFs;((b), (c)) SEM images of Co/CPNFs; (d) Reflection loss of Co/CPNFs at different thicknesses[53]

    图  5  PEDOT-Polymerized PVDF Film 的制备流程(a)和反应原理(b)[64]

    Figure  5.  Preparation process(a) and reaction principle (b) of PEDOT-Polymerized PVDF Film[64]

    表  1  屏蔽材料及其屏蔽性能对比

    Table  1.   Shielding materials and their shielding performance comparison

    Composites$ {S}_{T} $/dBElectrical Conductivity/S cm−1References
    P–W18O49–Ag10030400[30]
    APAN-Ag-SA9057319[31]
    BP/NF23.36.177[39]
    GCF57172[40]
    TiO2/SiO2@PPy@rGO42-[63]
    PVDF- PEDOT40-[64]
    TaC/C-Fe3C-Fe46.415.4[69]
    PNP@MXene@PDMS28.271.91[70]
    MXene/ PVDF-HFP210.0095[73]
    Notes: P—PAN; APAN—alkali etched PAN; BP/NF—multiwalled carbon nanotube buckypaper/electrospun polyacrylonitrile nanofiber; GCF—graphene-carbon nanofibers.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  吸波材料及其吸波性能对比

    Table  2.   Absorbing materials and their absorbing performance comparison

    Composites$ {R}_{L} $/dBeffective absorption bandwidth/GHzReferences
    NMC−53.236.5[32]
    Co0.2Fe2.8O4/C−43.455.85[34]
    Ni/NiO/CNFs−47.93.5[35]
    Co/CPNF−63.6912.92[53]
    SiC/Fe3Si/CNF−41.611.5[43]
    C-SiC−53.77.11[44]
    Fe3C/CNF−245.28[47]
    Nb4N5−49.52.2[48]
    Ni/NiO/SiO2/CNFs−40.15.2[50]
    Ni@C−53.25.6[51]
    Fe3C/N-doped CNF−57.9[52]
    LCNF−41.49.05[54]
    ZnFe2O3/C@PPy−66.345.74[29]
    CPF−49.246.9[66]
    Notes: NMC—Ni/MnO/C; LCNF—light-weight lignin-based carbon nanofibers; CPF—cellulose/polyaniline nanofiber.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-04-27
  • 录用日期:  2022-05-31
  • 修回日期:  2022-05-15
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-06-16

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