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纳米铜线的制备及其在柔性电子领域的应用

林晓婷 刘健 苏舟 王洁 李美馨 赵彦州

林晓婷, 刘健, 苏舟, 等. 纳米铜线的制备及其在柔性电子领域的应用[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(8): 4327-4341. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230227.002
引用本文: 林晓婷, 刘健, 苏舟, 等. 纳米铜线的制备及其在柔性电子领域的应用[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(8): 4327-4341. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230227.002
LIN Xiaoting, LIU Jian, SU Zhou, et al. Synthesis of copper nanowires and its application in flexible electronic devices[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(8): 4327-4341. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230227.002
Citation: LIN Xiaoting, LIU Jian, SU Zhou, et al. Synthesis of copper nanowires and its application in flexible electronic devices[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(8): 4327-4341. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230227.002

纳米铜线的制备及其在柔性电子领域的应用

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230227.002
基金项目: 陕西省自然科学基础研究计划(2022JM-236)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    刘健,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为印刷电子材料与印刷制造工艺 E-mail: liujian@xaut.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O614.12;TB333

Synthesis of copper nanowires and its application in flexible electronic devices

Funds: Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province of China (2022JM-236)
  • 摘要: 纳米铜线不仅具有银优良的导电性,由于纳米级别的尺寸效应,还具有优异的透光性和耐曲挠性,且其价格远远低于金和银等贵金属,成为制备柔性电子器件理想的电极材料。本文系统分析了制备纳米铜线的模板法、气相沉积法、静电纺丝技术和化学液相法的优缺点,介绍了基于水-疏水有机溶剂体系和酸处理等纳米铜线的纯化工艺,列举了纳米铜线的抗氧化表面包覆材料(惰性金属、碳基材料和有机聚合物包覆材料)及其包覆工艺。最后,总结了由纳米铜线及其复合材料与柔性基底(纸基、聚氨酯、聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯等)组装而成的柔性电子器件在柔性透明电极、能量存储/转化和柔性传感器等领域的应用现状及面临的挑战。

     

  • 图  1  采用水热法制得纳米铜线(CuNWs) (a)及微观形貌((b)~(d))[37];(e) 反应前的溶液照片;(f) 在80°C生长1 h后的溶液照片[38];((g)~(j)) Jin等[41]制备的CuNWs微观形貌

    Figure  1.  Copper nanowires (CuNWs) obtained by hydrothermal method (a) and its micromorphologies ((b)-(d))[37]; (e) Photographs of the solution before reaction for synthesizing CuNWs; (f) Photographs of the solution after reaction for 1 h at 80°C[38]; ((g)-(j)) Morphology of CuNWs prepared by Jin et al[41]

    图  2  核-壳结构CuNWs的EDS图像:(a) Cu@Zn;(b) Cu@Sn;(c) Cu@Pt;(d) Cu@Ni;(e) Cu@Ag;(f) Cu@Au[72]

    Figure  2.  EDS mapping images of core-shell nanowires: (a) Cu@Zn; (b) Cu@Sn; (c) Cu@Pt; (d) Cu@Ni; (e) Cu@Ag; (f) Cu@Au[72]

    图  3  ((a)~(c)) Cu@Au NWs的形貌;(d) 电生理传感器的示意图;((e), (f)) 安装在目标皮肤上的可穿戴肌电图(EMG)和心电图(ECG)传感器的实物照片;((g), (h)) CuNWs氧化前后传感器采集到的EMG、ECG信号变化[64]

    PUA—Polyurethane acrylate

    Figure  3.  ((a)-(c)) Microstructure of Cu@Au NWs; (d) Schematic of the electrophysiology sensor; ((e), (f)) Electromyography (EMG) and Electrocardiograph (ECG) sensor mounted on the target skin; ((g), (h)) EMG, ECG signal change collected using CuNWs-based sensor before and after the oxidation[64]

    图  4  (a) RCC电极的制造工艺示意图;(b) RCC电极的柔性透明电容触摸板的结构;((c)~(g)) RCC电极电容式触摸传感器的性能测试:(c) “ON”和“OFF”触摸信号;(d) 连续触摸和相应的信号输出;连续触摸力在不同弯曲半径条件下产生的输出触摸信号:(e)平面;(f) 15 mm;(g) 5 mm[94]

    Figure  4.  (a) Schematic of the fabrication process for the RCC electrode; (b) Structure of flexible transparent capacitive touch plate based on RCC electrode, performance tests of the RCC-electrode-based capacitive touch sensor; (c) "ON" and "OFF" touch signal; (d) A successive touch and corresponding signal output; Successive touch forces generate different output touch signals at the different bending radius conditions: (e) Flat; (f) 15 mm; (g) 5 mm[94]

    PTFE—Polytetrafiuoroethylene; RCC—Resin covered Cu nanowires; PET—Polyethylene terephthalate

    图  5  (a) Cu RGONW表皮仿生棘突微结构压阻传感器(SMPS)的制造过程;(b) Cu RGONW表皮仿生SMPS的工作机制;表皮仿生Cu RGONW-SMPS用于实时监测人体运动和微妙生理信号的信号反馈:(c) 手腕弯曲;(d) 二头肌屈曲;(e) 颈部扭转;(f) 颈动脉搏动;(g) 咽喉吞咽;(h) 手指按压;(i) 快速敲击;(j) 手指弯曲;(k) 膝盖弯曲-释放循环;(l) 行走[113]

    PDMS—Polydimethylsiloxane; SMPS—Spinosum microstructured piezoresistive sensor; FTE—Flexible transparent electrode; RGO—Reduced graphene oxide

    Figure  5.  (a) Schematics of the epidermis-bioinspired Cu RGO NW-SMPS; (b) Mechanism revelation of the bioinspired SMPS with Cu RGONW; Wearable applications of the epidermis-bioinspired Cu RGONW-SMPS for real-time monitoring of human motions and subtle physiological signals feedback in the form of current change: (c) Wrist bending; (d) Bicep flexion; (e) Neck torsion; (f) Carotid artery pulse; (g) Throat swallowing; (h) Finger pressing; (i) Quick tapping; (j) Finger bending; (k) Knee bending-release cycle; (l) Walking[113]

    表  1  化学液相法制备的纳米铜线的尺寸

    Table  1.   Dimension of copper nanowires fabricated by chemical liquid phase method

    NumberSolventCu sourceReductantCapping agentDiameter
    /nm
    Length
    /μm
    Ref.
    1H2OCuCl2L-AAODA35100[10]
    2H2OCuCl2C6H12O6HDA25-3550-60[46]
    3H2OCuCl2C6H12O6OLA/
    OA
    6570[44]
    4NaOH(aq)Cu(NO3)2N2H4EDA35200[47]
    5H2OCuCl2C6H12O6DDA18200[48]
    6H2OCu(OH)2C6H12O6DETA3717[49]
    7H2OCuCl2ODAODA30-100Several millimeters[42]
    8EGCu(NO3)2PVP/
    CTAC
    6040[50]
    9OLA/
    C18H36
    CuCl2,
    Cu(acac)2
    OLAOLA30-3535-45[51]
    10H2OCuCl2C6H12O6/
    KBr
    ODA20-40Hundreds of micrometers[52]
    Notes: L-AA—L-ascorbic acid; ODA—Octadecylamine; HDA—Hexadecylamine; OLA—Oleylamine; OA—Oleic acid; PVP—Polyvinylpyrrolidone; CTAC—Cetyltrimethylammonium chloride; EG—Ethylene glycol; EDA—Ethylenediamine; DDA—Dodecylamine; C18H36—Octotene; DETA—Diethylenetriamine; N2H4—Hydrazine hydrate; Cu(acac)2—Copper(II) acetylpyruvate.
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-12-05
  • 修回日期:  2023-01-30
  • 录用日期:  2023-02-16
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-02-28
  • 刊出日期:  2023-08-15

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