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智能窗用二氧化钒基复合结构薄膜的制备及研究进展

张新宇 徐慧妍 杨立凯 王尚 杨帅军 蒋绪川

张新宇, 徐慧妍, 杨立凯, 等. 智能窗用二氧化钒基复合结构薄膜的制备及研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 42(0): 1-13.
引用本文: 张新宇, 徐慧妍, 杨立凯, 等. 智能窗用二氧化钒基复合结构薄膜的制备及研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 42(0): 1-13.
ZHANG Xinyu, XU Huiyan, YANG Likai, et al. Progress in preparation and research of VO2-based composite structure films for smart windows[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: ZHANG Xinyu, XU Huiyan, YANG Likai, et al. Progress in preparation and research of VO2-based composite structure films for smart windows[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

智能窗用二氧化钒基复合结构薄膜的制备及研究进展

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金 (2180050407)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    徐慧妍, 博士, 讲师, 研究方向为光、热、电、磁等外界刺激响应型无机功能材料 E-mail: ism_xuhy@ujn.edu

    蒋绪川, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 研究方向为功能无机纳米材料的制备及应用研究 E-mail: ism_jiangxc@ujn.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB381

Progress in preparation and research of VO2-based composite structure films for smart windows

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (2180050407)
  • 摘要: 二氧化钒(VO2)在68℃附近发生绝缘体-金属相转变,同时伴随着近红外光透射率突变,因此在智能节能窗领域具有巨大的应用潜力。近年来,关于 VO2的制备方法、相变机制及改善光学性能方面取得了显著进展。然而,在实际应用中,VO2仍面临一系列挑战,包括本征相变温度较高、可见光透过率(Tlum)较低、太阳能调节效率(∆Tsol)不佳、耐候性差以及颜色舒适度较差(呈现棕黄色)。针对这些问题,国内外的研究者进行了大量研究,发现复合结构对改善VO2性能具有显著作用,对推进其实际应用具有重要意义。然而,目前关于VO2基复合结构的综述相对较少。本文概括了VO2基复合结构的制备方法以及在智能窗领域的性能研究进展,并对VO2基复合结构薄膜未来发展前景进行了展望。

     

  • 图  1  VO2的金属相(R)(a)和绝缘相(R)(b)的能带结构图和晶体结构[15]

    Figure  1.  Band structure diagram and crystal structure of metallic phase(R) (a) and insulating phase(R) (b) of VO2[15]

    图  2  (a-b)VO2纳米颗粒[18,19];(c-d)无机壳层结构[23];(e-f)有机壳层结构[32];(g-h)无机-有机壳层结构[33]

    Figure  2.  (a-b)Nanocomposite particle[18,19];(c-d)Inorganic shell structure[23];(e-f)Organic shell structure[32] (g-h);Inorganic-organic shell structure[33]

    图  3  (a) VO2-水凝胶复合薄膜[41]; (b) VO2-Ni-Cl-IL复合薄膜[42]; (c) VO2-螺吡喃复合薄膜[46]

    Figure  3.  (a) VO2-hydrogel composite film[41]; (b) VO2-Ni-Cl-IL composite film[42]; (c) VO2-spiropyran composite film[44]

    图  4  (a) SiO2@TiO2@VO2三层空心纳米球结构[49]; (b) VO2@SiO2双层空心核壳结构[50]; (c) VO2-Mg1.5VO4多孔结构[51]

    Figure  4.  (a) SiO2@TiO2@VO2 three-layer hollow nanospheres[49]; (b) VO2@SiO2 double layer hollow core-shell structure[45]; (c) VO2-Mg1.5VO4 porous structure[51]

    图  5  (a) Cr2O3-VO2缓冲层结构[71]; (b) VO2-TiO2减反射结构[75]; (c) HSi-V-FSi-P多功能结构[81]; (d) VO2-HfO2多功能结构[82]

    Figure  5.  (a) Cr2O3-VO2 buffer layer structure[71]; (b) VO2-TiO2 antireflection structure[75]; (c) HSi-V-FSi-P multi-function structure[81]; (d) VO2-HfO2 multi-function structure[82]

    表  1  VO2核壳结构复合薄膜的光学性能

    Table  1.   Optical properties of VO2 core-shell composite thin films

    Structure Tlum/% Tsol/% Tc/℃ References
    VO2@SiO2 38.0 18.9 Du et al.[30] 2022
    VO2@ZnO 51.0 19.1 Chen et al.[27] 2017
    VO2@SiO2 50.6 14.7 25.2 Zhu et al.[34] 2015
    VO2@TiO2 59.3 6.2 Li et al.[28] 2013
    VO2@PDA 56.3 14.5 33.8 Guo et al.[32] 2022
    VO2@PMMA 17.5 57 Hu et al.[35] 2023
    VO2@Polymer 20.34 Zhao et al.[36] 2022
    VO2@MgF2@PDA 25.0 Zhao et al.[33] 2019
    Notes:Tlum is the luminous transmittance, ∆Tsol is the modulation of solar energy, Tc is the transition temperature, A@B is the core(A)@shell(B) structure, PDA is polydopamine, PMMA is polymethyl methacrylate.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同基质材料VO2基复合薄膜的光学性能

    Table  2.   Optical properties of VO2-based composite films of different matrix materials

    Structure Tlum/% Tsol/% References
    VO2-Hydrogel 62.6 34.7 Zhou et al.[41]2015
    VO2-Ni-Cl-IL 66.85 23.77 Zhu et al.[42]2016
    VO2-{[(C2H5)2NH2]2NiBr4@SiO2} 52.9 25.7 Zhao et al. [52]2023
    VO2-Spiropyran 48.58 23.58 Zhao et al.[44]2020
    VO2@SiO2 61.8 12.6 Qu et al.[50]2019
    SiO2@TiO2@VO2 73.9 12.0 Yang et al.[49]2018
    VO2-[1, 4-bis (benzoxazol-2-yl) naphthalene] 73.0 9.0 Qin et al.[53]2021
    VO2-PDA 56.23 7.64 Wang et al.[54]2023
    Notes:A-B is the mixture of A and B,Ni-Cl-IL is the ionic liquid-rnickel-rchlorine complexes.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  VO2多层结构复合薄膜的光学性能

    Table  3.   Optical properties of VO2 multilayer composite films

    Structure Tlum/% Tsol/% References
    Double-layer ZnO-VO2 46.4 6.0 Gagaoudakis et al.[81]2018
    VO2-TiO2 61.5 15.1 Chen et al.[62]2011
    TiO2-VO2 50.49 20.11 Wu et al.[75]2023
    TiO2-VO2 47.3 8.8 Ji et al.[82]2019
    VO2-HfO2 55.8 15.9 Chang et al.[83]2019
    VO2-C₈H20O₄Si 52.7 16.4 Liu et al.[84]2018
    TiO2-VO2 49.0 7.0 Jin et al.[73]2002
    Three-layer SiNx-VO2-SiNx 40.4 14.5 Long et al.[85]2019
    Cr2O3-VO2-SiO2 50.0 16.1 Chang et al.[86]2018
    TiO2-VO2-TiO2 57.6 2.9 Jin et al.[70]2003
    VO2-fluorescent brightener-organic polymer 78.87 7.34 Gao et al.[87]2021
    Multi-layer SiNx-NiCrOx-SiNx-VOx-SiNx-NiCrOx-SiNx 40.5 18.4 Zhan et al.[88]2020
    TiO2-VO2-TiO2-VO2-TiO2 45 12.1 Miyuka et al.[89]2009
    HSi-VO2-FSi-P 54.0 16.4 Yao et al.[90]2019
    Notes:A-B is the multi-layer structure of the lower layer(A) and the upper layer(B), HSi is the antireflective hollow SiO2 layer, FSi is the protective fluorosilane SiO2 layer, P is the antifogging cross-linked poly(vinyl alcohol) and poly(acrylic acid)layer.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2024-04-10
  • 修回日期:  2024-05-20
  • 录用日期:  2024-05-25
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-06-22

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