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香蒲衍生Fe/C复合材料的制备及其吸波性能

陈博文 强荣 邵玉龙 杨啸 马茜 薛瑞

陈博文, 强荣, 邵玉龙, 等. 香蒲衍生Fe/C复合材料的制备及其吸波性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(12): 6830-6840. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230426.001
引用本文: 陈博文, 强荣, 邵玉龙, 等. 香蒲衍生Fe/C复合材料的制备及其吸波性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(12): 6830-6840. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230426.001
CHEN Bowen, QIANG Rong, SHAO Yulong, et al. Cattail-derived Fe/C composites for efficient microwave absorption[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(12): 6830-6840. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230426.001
Citation: CHEN Bowen, QIANG Rong, SHAO Yulong, et al. Cattail-derived Fe/C composites for efficient microwave absorption[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(12): 6830-6840. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230426.001

香蒲衍生Fe/C复合材料的制备及其吸波性能

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230426.001
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金青年基金(51902359);纺织工业联合会科技指导性项目(2021044);河南省重点研发与推广专项(202102210017);河南省高等学校重点科研项目(20A150047);中原工学院青年骨干教师项目(2020XQG02);中原工学院面上基金项目(K2023MS009 );青年硕导培育计划(20232023)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    强荣,副教授,博士,研究方向为功能导向碳基复合材料的制备及宽频电磁波响应  Email: Casey2009@126.com

  • 中图分类号: TB333

Cattail-derived Fe/C composites for efficient microwave absorption

Funds: Youth Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51902359); Federation of Textile Industry Science and Technology Steering Project (2021044); Henan Province Key R&D and Promotion Special (202102210017); Key Research Projects of Henan Higher Education Institutions (20A150047); Zhongyuan University of Technology Young Backbone Teacher Programme (2020XQG02); General Program (K2023MS009 ); Youth Master's Guide Training Program (20232023) of Zhongyuan University of Technology
  • 摘要: 生物质材料具有特异的微观形态和孔道结构,被认为是碳组分优良的形态遗传材料,且生物质材料来源广泛、价格低廉,亦符合国家可持续发展的战略需求。基于此,本文选取生物质香蒲为主要碳源,Fe3+为金属源,经原位吸附和碳热还原得到碳基底表面均匀负载的Fe纳米粒子(Fe/C复合材料),随着煅烧温度的升高,铁纳米粒子的结晶度增强;Fe/C-700复合材料在低频和高频具有多重共振行为,有助于介电损耗能力的提升;二维反射损耗结果显示,900℃的Fe/C复合材料的吸波性能最好,厚度为5 mm时,4.4 GHz处达到最大反射损耗−35 dB,复合材料优良的吸波性能取决于其较好的阻抗匹配特性和介电损耗与磁损耗的协同作用,本研究将为新型磁性碳基吸波材料的合成提供高效、便捷的合成策略。

     

  • 图  1  Fe/C复合材料的制备流程图 (a)、SEM图像 ((b)~(c))、吸波测试样品制备流程图 (d)、XRD图谱 (e)、热重图谱 (f)、拉曼图谱 (g)、 振动样品磁强计(VSM) (h)

    Figure  1.  Fe/C composite preparation flow chart (a), SEM images ((b)-(c)), flow chart for sample preparation for wave absorption testing (d), XRD (e), TG (f), Raman mapping (g), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) (h)

    ID/IG—Intensity ratio of the D band and G band

    图  2  Fe/C-700 (a)、Fe/C-800 (b)、Fe/C-900 (c) 的BET曲线

    Figure  2.  BET curves of Fe/C-700 (a), Fe/C-800 (b), Fe/C-900 (c)

    STP—Standard temperature and pressure

    图  3  Fe/C复合材料的XPS全谱 (a)、Cls (b)、N1s (c)、Fe2p (d)、O1s (e)

    Figure  3.  Fe/C composite XPS full spectum (a), Cls (b), N1s (c), Fe2p (d), O1s (e)

    图  4  Fe/C复合材料的介电常数实部ε' (a)、介电常数虚部ε'' (b)、介电损耗正切值$ {\tan\delta }_{\epsilon } $(c)、复磁导率实部μ' (d)、复磁导率虚部μ'' (e)、复磁损耗正切值$ {\tan}{\delta }_{\mu } $(f)、Cole-Cole环 (g)、涡流损耗对磁损耗的贡献(C0) (h)、衰减因子谱 (i)

    Figure  4.  Fe/C composite real part of the dielectric constant ε' (a), Imaginary part of the dielectric constant ε'' (b), Dielectric loss tanδε (c), Complex magnetic permeability real part μ' (d), Complex magnetic permeability imaginary part μ'' (e), Complex magnetic loss tanδμ (f), Cole-Cole (g), Contribution of Eddy current loss to magnetic loss (C0) (h) and Attenuation factor mapping (i)

    图  5  Fe/C-700 (a)、Fe/C-800 (b)、Fe/C-900 (c) 的二维反射损耗图;Fe/C-700 (d)、Fe/C-800 (e)、Fe/C-900 (f) 的三维反射损耗图;Fe/C-700 (g)、Fe/C-800 (h)、Fe/C-900 (i) 的阻抗匹配图

    Figure  5.  2D reflection loss diagrams for Fe/C-700 (a), Fe/C-800 (b), Fe/C-900 (c); 3D reflection loss diagrams for Fe/C-700 (d), Fe/C-800 (e), Fe/C-900 (f); Impedance matching diagram for Fe/C-700 (g), Fe/C-800 (h), Fe/C-900 (i)

    图  6  Fe/C复合材料吸波机制图

    Figure  6.  Diagram of the wave absorption mechanism of Fe/C composites

    表  1  Fe/C复合材料的命名

    Table  1.   Naming of Fe/C composites

    Sample Calcination temperature/℃
    Fe/C-700 700
    Fe/C-800 800
    Fe/C-900 900
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-01-16
  • 修回日期:  2023-04-10
  • 录用日期:  2023-04-11
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-04-26
  • 刊出日期:  2023-12-01

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