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基于水凝胶基太阳能蒸发器的研究进展

丁一 季家友 喻湘华 李亮

丁一, 季家友, 喻湘华, 等. 基于水凝胶基太阳能蒸发器的研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(9): 4932-4942. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230504.002
引用本文: 丁一, 季家友, 喻湘华, 等. 基于水凝胶基太阳能蒸发器的研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(9): 4932-4942. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230504.002
DING Yi, JI Jiayou, YU Xianghua, et al. Research progress on the solar evaporators based on hydrogels[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(9): 4932-4942. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230504.002
Citation: DING Yi, JI Jiayou, YU Xianghua, et al. Research progress on the solar evaporators based on hydrogels[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(9): 4932-4942. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230504.002

基于水凝胶基太阳能蒸发器的研究进展

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230504.002
基金项目: 湖北省知识产权运用示范工程后补助项目(2020)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    季家友,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向碳化硅陶瓷膜的开发及应用 E-mail: msell08@wit.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB34;TB332

Research progress on the solar evaporators based on hydrogels

Funds: Post Subsidy Project of Intellectual Property Application Demonstration Project in Hubei Province (2020)
  • 摘要: 太阳能蒸发技术被认为是一种绿色、可持续的缓解水资源短缺的技术。基底是太阳能蒸发器的重要组成部分,是影响蒸发效率的关键因素。水凝胶由于来源广泛、易于制备等特点成为当下的研究热点之一。本文综述了当前水凝胶材料在界面太阳能蒸发器中的研究进展,重点介绍了聚乙烯醇、壳聚糖、海藻酸钠、纤维素等水凝胶基底材料。分析了不同水凝胶与光热材料组合而成的太阳能蒸发器的各自特点与应用特性,对作为太阳能蒸发器基底的水凝胶提出相应建议,指出构造更有效接触面积的水凝胶基底,改善水凝胶的抗盐、抗污、抗菌性能,增强自修复能力,是基于水凝胶基太阳能蒸发器的重要发展方向。

     

  • 图  1  各种类型的太阳能蒸发器[8]

    Figure  1.  Solar-driven evaporation through various forms of solar heating[8]

    T—Temperature

    图  2  太阳能蒸发器示意图[27]

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of a solar evaporator[27]

    图  3  蒸发器中毛细通道与表面网格[39]

    Figure  3.  Capillary channels and surface grids in the evaporator [39]

    CTH—Hydrogel with capillarity water transport; RGO—Reduced graphene oxide; PVA—Polyvinyl alcohol

    图  4  双增强网络的复合水凝胶蒸发器示意图[47]

    Figure  4.  Schematic diagram of a composite hydrogel evaporator with a double enhanced network[47]

    PS—Polystyrene

    图  5  壳聚糖抗菌水凝胶(CPG)三层结构示意图[49]

    Figure  5.  Schematic of the chitosan antibacterial hydrogel (CPG) structure[49]

    PPy—Polypyrrole

    图  6  花卉仿生凝胶蒸发器示意图[57]

    Figure  6.  Schematic diagram of a flower biomimetic gel vaporizer[57]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-13
  • 修回日期:  2023-04-07
  • 录用日期:  2023-04-19
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-05-05
  • 刊出日期:  2023-09-15

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