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珊瑚废弃物对水泥砂浆强度和体积稳定性的影响

倪雅倩 何智海 石锦炎 贺一烽 刘宝举

倪雅倩, 何智海, 石锦炎, 等. 珊瑚废弃物对水泥砂浆强度和体积稳定性的影响[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 41(1): 404-413. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230506.001
引用本文: 倪雅倩, 何智海, 石锦炎, 等. 珊瑚废弃物对水泥砂浆强度和体积稳定性的影响[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 41(1): 404-413. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230506.001
NI Yaqian, HE Zhihai, SHI Jinyan, et al. Influence of coral waste on the strength and volume stability of cement mortar[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2024, 41(1): 404-413. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230506.001
Citation: NI Yaqian, HE Zhihai, SHI Jinyan, et al. Influence of coral waste on the strength and volume stability of cement mortar[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2024, 41(1): 404-413. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230506.001

珊瑚废弃物对水泥砂浆强度和体积稳定性的影响

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230506.001
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(51602198);浙江省自然科学基金(LY20E020006);中国中铁股份有限公司科技研究开发计划项目(2021-重点-08)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    何智海,博士,教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为水泥基材料 E-mail: hezhihai@usx.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TU528;TB333

Influence of coral waste on the strength and volume stability of cement mortar

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (51602198); Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (LY20E020006); Science and Technology Research and Development Program Project of China Railway Group Limited (2021-Key-08)
  • 摘要: 在混凝土中应用珊瑚废弃物是制备适用于远海岛礁建设所需建筑材料的有效策略,然而过量应用珊瑚废弃物会导致混凝土性能急剧降低。为保证砂浆性能的同时提升珊瑚废弃物的应用率,本文联合应用珊瑚砂(CS)和珊瑚粉(CP)分别取代部分骨料和粘结剂制备砂浆,研究了CS取代率对砂浆的力学性能、自收缩和干燥收缩的影响,并结合微观形貌和孔隙结构分析其影响机制。结果表明:相比于未掺加CS的砂浆,联合应用10wt%~40wt%CS和10wt%CP制备的砂浆具有更高的力学性能。当CS的取代率为30wt%时,砂浆的强度最高,并且其28天抗压强度较基准组提升29.5%。同时,随着CS含量的升高,砂浆的自收缩变形降低。当CS的含量为40wt%时,砂浆的28天自收缩变形与基准组相比降低33.74%。另外,掺加CS也有益于降低砂浆的干燥收缩,当CS的取代率为30wt%时砂浆的干燥收缩值达到最低。CS的多孔结构使其与水泥基体间紧密咬合,并且其内养护作用也促进了界面性能的提升。通过氮吸附测试的孔隙结果也表明掺加30wt%的CS使样品的孔隙率降低,但进一步增加CS的掺量不利于样品的孔隙结构发展。

     

  • 图  1  水泥和珊瑚粉(CP)的粒径分布曲线

    Figure  1.  Particle size distribution of cement and coral powder(CP)

    图  2  CP的XRD图谱

    Figure  2.  XRD pattern of CP

    图  3  珊瑚废弃物基砂浆的制备流程

    Figure  3.  Preparation process of coral waste-based mortar

    图  4  不同状态下的珊瑚砂(CS):(a) 干燥;(b) 饱和面干

    Figure  4.  Different states of coral sand (CS): (a) Dry; (b) Saturated surface dry

    图  5  CS对砂浆力学性能的影响

    Figure  5.  Effect of CS on mechanical properties of mortar

    图  6  CS对砂浆自收缩的影响

    Figure  6.  Effect of CS on autogenous shrinkage of mortar

    图  7  CS掺量对砂浆干燥收缩的影响

    Figure  7.  Effect of CS content on drying shrinkage of mortar

    图  8  骨料与水泥基体间的界面过渡区 (ITZ)图像

    Figure  8.  Interfacial transition zone (ITZ) images between cement matrix and aggregate

    图  9  不同切面CS与浆体间的ITZ图像

    Figure  9.  ITZ images between cement matrix and CS in different directions

    图  10  CS对砂浆孔结构的影响

    Figure  10.  Effect of CS on pore structure of mortar

    表  1  原材料的化学组成

    Table  1.   Chemical composition of raw materials

    MaterialCaO/wt%SiO2/wt%Al2O3/wt%Fe2O3/wt%SO3/wt%MgO/wt%LOI/wt%
    Cement48.1626.416.245.024.532.27 3.69
    CP52.70 1.700.350.370.610.2441.27
    Note: LOI—Loss on ignition.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  珊瑚废弃物基砂浆配合比

    Table  2.   Mix proportions of coral waste-based mortar

    SampleMix proportions/wt%
    CementCPISOCSWater
    0%CS-10%CP/M405
    45
    1350 0135
    10%CS-10%CP/M1215135135
    20%CS-10%CP/M1080270135
    30%CS-10%CP/M 945405135
    40%CS-10%CP/M 810540135
    Notes: ISO—International standard sand; CS—Coral sand; M—Mortar.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-24
  • 修回日期:  2023-04-14
  • 录用日期:  2023-04-25
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-05-08
  • 刊出日期:  2024-01-01

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