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NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的制备及其阻尼行为

伍潇 江鸿杰 成忠序 刘崇宇 刘淑辉

伍潇, 江鸿杰, 成忠序, 等. NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的制备及其阻尼行为[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(8): 4821-4830. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20221028.001
引用本文: 伍潇, 江鸿杰, 成忠序, 等. NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的制备及其阻尼行为[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(8): 4821-4830. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20221028.001
WU Xiao, JIANG Hongjie, CHENG Zhongxu, et al. Preparation and damping behavior of NiTip/5052 Al composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(8): 4821-4830. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20221028.001
Citation: WU Xiao, JIANG Hongjie, CHENG Zhongxu, et al. Preparation and damping behavior of NiTip/5052 Al composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(8): 4821-4830. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20221028.001

NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的制备及其阻尼行为

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20221028.001
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(52061011);广西自然科学基金(2022GXNSFAA035574)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    江鸿杰,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为铝合金及其复合材料 E-mail: jhj2014@glut.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB331

Preparation and damping behavior of NiTip/5052 Al composites

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (52061011); Guangxi Natural Science Foundation (2022GXNSFAA035574)
  • 摘要: 随着工业技术的发展,机械工程领域对铝合金材料的减振降噪性能提出了更高的要求。针对铝合金本征阻尼较低的问题,本文通过搅拌摩擦加工(FSP)制备出具有相变阻尼特征的NiTip/5052 Al复合材料。利用SEM、EDS和XRD对NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的微观结构和物相组成进行分析;分别采用差式扫描量热仪(DSC)、万能试验机和动态热机械分析仪(DMA)分析复合材料的相变过程、力学性能及其阻尼行为。研究表明:经过FSP后,NiTi颗粒与5052 Al基体界面结合良好,未发生界面反应;NiTip/5052 Al复合材料具备NiTi合金的马氏体相变特征;NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的强度均高于5052 Al合金和FSP-5052 Al合金,其中as-NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的抗拉强度为240 MPa,分别比5052 Al和FSP-5052 Al合金高23.7%和10.1%;NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的阻尼性能均明显优于5052 Al合金和FSP-5052 Al合金,且复合材料均呈现出明显的相变内耗峰;当升温至23℃时,550℃-NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的内耗峰值分别比5052 Al和FSP-5052 Al合金高300%和140%;当升温至33℃时,as-NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的内耗峰值分别比5052 Al和FSP-5052 Al合金高233%和100%;NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的储能模量均随着温度和应变的增加而减小,且均高于5052 Al合金和FSP-5052 Al合金。

     

  • 图  1  搅拌摩擦加工(FSP) NiTip/5052 Al复合材料示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of friction stir processing (FSP) preparation NiTip/5052 Al composites

    图  2  NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的SEM图像:(a) NiTi颗粒和NiTip/5052 Al复合材料;(b) 图2(a)的局部放大图;(c) 图2(b)的面扫描图;(d) NiTi颗粒与铝基体界面处的线扫描图

    Figure  2.  SEM images of NiTip/5052 Al composites: (a) NiTi particles and NiTip/5052 Al composites; (b) High magnification image of Fig.2(a); (c) Face scanning images of Fig.2(b); (d) Line scanning image at the interface between NiTi particle and Al matrix

    图  3  5052 Al合金、NiTi颗粒和NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的XRD图谱

    Figure  3.  XRD patterns of 5052 Al alloy, NiTi particles and NiTip/5052 Al composites

    图  4  NiTi颗粒(a)和NiTip/5052 Al复合材料(b)的DSC曲线图

    Figure  4.  DSC graphs of NiTi particles (a) and NiTip/5052 Al composites (b)

    图  5  5052 Al合金和NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的应力-应变曲线

    R—Transition arc radius of tensile sample

    Figure  5.  Stress-strain curves of 5052 Al alloy and NiTip/5052 Al composites

    图  6  拉伸断口形貌图:(a) 5052 Al;(b) FSP-5052 Al;(c) as-NiTip/5052 Al复合材料;(d)图6(c)中局部区域放大图

    Figure  6.  Tensile fracture morphology: (a) 5052 Al; (b) FSP-5052 Al; (c) as-NiTip/5052 Al composites; (d) High magnification image of Fig.6(c)

    图  7  5052 Al合金和NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的温度-内耗曲线:(a)降温过程;(b)升温过程

    Figure  7.  Temperature-internal friction curves of 5052 Al alloy and NiTip/5052 Al composites: (a) Cooling process; (b) Heating process

    图  8  5052 Al合金和NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的应变-内耗曲线

    Figure  8.  Strain-internal friction curves of 5052 Al alloy and NiTip/5052 Al composites

    图  9  5052 Al合金和NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的储能模量测试曲线:(a)温度-储能模量曲线;(b)应变-储能模量曲线

    Figure  9.  Storage modulus test curves of 5052 Al alloy and NiTip/5052 Al composites: (a) Temperature-storage modulus curves; (b) Strain-storage modulus curves

    表  1  5052 Al的标称化学成分 (wt%)

    Table  1.   Nominal chemical composition of 5052 Al (wt%)

    MgFeSiCrCuMnZnAl
    2.2-2.80.40.250.15-0.350.10.10.1Balance
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  NiTi颗粒和NiTip/5052 Al复合材料的相变峰值温度

    Table  2.   Phase transformation peak temperatures of NiTi particles and NiTip/5052 Al composites

    SampleAp/℃Rp/℃Mp/℃
    as-NiTip19.75−23.0
    550℃-NiTip14.1−14.2
    as-NiTip/5052 Al21.5−22.7
    550℃-NiTip/5052 Al12.0−24.7
    Notes: Ap, Rp and Mp represent the peak temperatures of B19'→B2, B2→R and B2→B19' phase transition respectively, the peak temperature of R→B19' phase transition is also expressed by Mp.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-08-18
  • 修回日期:  2022-09-26
  • 录用日期:  2022-10-07
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-10-31
  • 刊出日期:  2023-08-15

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