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超蓬松掺杂石墨烯气凝胶复合材料的制备及其吸波性能

任培永 陈淼 赵科 高晓平

任培永, 陈淼, 赵科, 等. 超蓬松掺杂石墨烯气凝胶复合材料的制备及其吸波性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 42(0): 1-14.
引用本文: 任培永, 陈淼, 赵科, 等. 超蓬松掺杂石墨烯气凝胶复合材料的制备及其吸波性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 42(0): 1-14.
REN Peiyong, CHEN Miao, ZHAO Ke, et al. Preparation and microwave absorption properties of ultra-fluffy doped graphene aerogel composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: REN Peiyong, CHEN Miao, ZHAO Ke, et al. Preparation and microwave absorption properties of ultra-fluffy doped graphene aerogel composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

超蓬松掺杂石墨烯气凝胶复合材料的制备及其吸波性能

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(12362012;51765051);内蒙古自然科学基金(2017MS0102);内蒙古科技计划项目(2020GG0282);内蒙古高等学校支持科技领军人才和创新团队建设(JY20230103)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    高晓平,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为功能纺织品与风电叶片用复合材料 E-mail: gaoxp@imut.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB333

Preparation and microwave absorption properties of ultra-fluffy doped graphene aerogel composites

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (12362012; 51765051); Natural Science Foundation of Inner Mongolia(2017MS0102) Inner Mongolia Science and Technology Program Fund (2020GG0282); Institutions of Higher Education of Inner Mongolia (JY20230103)
  • 摘要: 伴随着智能通信的迅猛发展,信息传输带来的电磁辐射问题愈发严峻,传统吸波材料存在衰减能力差、阻抗匹配难以调节等缺点,已不能满足实际应用。本文基于电磁损耗理论、多组分协同损耗和三维多孔气凝胶构筑的设计策略,应用水热合成法制备石墨烯气凝胶(GA),在溶剂热反应中添加由MnO2包覆的镍锌铁氧体(NiZnFe2O4@MnO2)微球,与石墨烯介电材料复合,制备超蓬松磁掺杂石墨烯基复合气凝胶(NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA)粉体。实验测试了复合气凝胶的吸波特性,分析了热处理温度和磁掺杂量对复合气凝胶吸波性能的影响机制及规律。结果可知,热处理温度为300 ℃,镍锌铁氧体掺杂量为15 wt%时,复合气凝胶吸波效果最优。其匹配厚度为2.9 mm时,在频率为8.72 GHz处,最小反射损耗(RLmin)达到了-47.27 dB,有效吸收带宽(EAB)为3.2 GHz,覆盖了X波段的大部分,且填料负载率仅为10 wt%。本研究解决了材料阻抗匹配性差的问题,优化了吸波材料的介电损耗和磁损耗能力,满足了对吸波材料“薄、轻、宽、强”的应用要求。

     

  • 图  1  NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/石墨烯气凝胶(GA)复合气凝胶粉体制备示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of preparation of NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/ graphene aerogel (GA) composite aerogel powder

    图  2  (a) XPS全谱图,(b)GO、(c)GA、(d)GA-300℃、(e)GA-400℃、(f)GA-500℃的C1 s图谱

    Figure  2.  (a) XPS full spectrum, XPS survey curves of C 1 s of (b) GO, (c) GA,(d)GA-300℃,(e)GA-400℃,and (f)GA-500℃.

    图  3  GO、GA、GA-300℃、GA-400℃和GA-500℃的(a)红外光谱和(b)拉曼光谱

    Figure  3.  (a) IR spectra and (b) Raman spectra of GO, GA, GA-300℃, GA-400℃ and GA-500℃

    图  4  GO、GA、GA-300℃、GA-400℃、GA-500℃和GA-600℃的最优反射损耗

    Figure  4.  Optimal reflection loss at GO, GA, GA-300℃, GA-400℃,GA-500℃ and GA-600℃

    图  5  NiZnFe2O4/GA复合气凝胶SEM图 (a-b)NiZnFe2O4 /GA-15 wt%;(c-d)NiZnFe2O4 /GA-25 wt%;(e)NiZnFe2O4 /GA-35 wt%;(f)NiZnFe2O4 /GA-45 wt%

    Figure  5.  SEM diagram of NiZnFe2 O4/GA composite aerogel (a-b) NiZnFe2O4/ Ga-15 wt %; (c-d) NiZnFe2O4 /GA-25 wt%; (e) NiZnFe2O4 /GA-35 wt%; (f) NiZnFe2O4 /GA-45 wt%

    图  6  GA及NiZnFe2O4/GA复合气凝胶的吸波性能(a)介电损耗因子tanδ,(b)磁损耗因子tanδ,(c)阻抗匹配系数Zin/Z0 ,(d)反射损耗

    Figure  6.  Absorption properties of GA and NiZnFe2O4/GA (a) dielectric loss factor tanδ, (b) magnetic loss Factor tanδ (c) impedance matching coefficient Zin/Z0, (d) reflection loss

    图  7  不同掺杂石墨烯气凝胶热处理的XRD谱图(a)NiZnFe2O4/GA,(b)NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA

    Figure  7.  XRD patterns of different doped graphene aerogel heat treated with (a)NiZnFe2O4/GA,(b)NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA

    图  8  (a、b)NiZnFe2O4@MnO2微球的SEM图片;(c、d)NiZnFe2O4@MnO2微球的TEM图片;(e)NiZnFe2O4@MnO2微球的EDS mapping分析,其中绿色对应Fe元素,黄色对应Ni元素,青色对应Zn元素,红色对应Mn元素。

    Figure  8.  (a, b) SEM images of NiZnFe2O4@MnO2 microspheres; (c, d) TEM images of NiZnFe2 O4@MnO2 microspheres; (e) EDS mapping analysis of NiZnFe2O4@MnO2 microspheres, where green corresponds to Fe element, yellow corresponds to Ni element, cyan corresponds to Zn element.Red corresponds to Mn.

    图  9  NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA复合材料电磁参数(a)介电常数实部、(b)介电常数虚部、(c)介电损耗角正切、(d)磁导率实部、(e)磁导率虚部和(f)磁损耗角正切

    Figure  9.  NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA composite electromagnetic parameters (a) real part of the dielectric constant, (b) imaginary part of the dielectric constant, (c) tangent of the dielectric loss Angle,(d) the real part of the permeability, (e) the virtual part of the permeability and (f) the tangent of the magnetic loss angle

    图  10  NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA复合气凝胶的反射损耗曲线、三维反射损耗图和相应的等高线图(a、b、c) NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA-200℃;(d、e、f) NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA-300℃;(g、h、i)NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA-400℃;(j、k、l) NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA-500℃;

    Figure  10.  Reflection loss curve, 3 D reflection loss plot and corresponding contour plot (a、b、c) NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA-200℃;(d、e、f) NiZnFe2 O4@MnO2/GA-300℃; (g、h、i)NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA-400℃;(j、k、l) NiZnFe2 O4@MnO2/GA-500℃;

    图  11  NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA-300℃(a)RL值与四分之一波长(b)RL值与Z值的关系

    Figure  11.  NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA-300℃(a)RL values versus a quarter wavelength (b)Relationship between RL value and Z value

    表  1  NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA复合气凝胶的吸波性能对比

    Table  1.   Comparison of wave absorption properties of NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA composite aerogel

    Sample Thickness /mm Frequency/GHz RLmin /dB EAB /GHz
    NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA-200℃ 4.3 5.68 −18.53 1.2
    NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA-300℃ 2.9 8.72 −47.27 3.2
    NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA-400℃ 2.4 10.24 −36.70 3.44
    NiZnFe2O4@MnO2/GA-500℃ 1.3 18.00 −17.48 2.56
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-12-04
  • 修回日期:  2024-01-02
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