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基于金属或杂原子掺杂碳量子点的合成及应用

杨明杰 黄子芮 赵会 高中政

杨明杰, 黄子芮, 赵会, 等. 基于金属或杂原子掺杂碳量子点的合成及应用[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 42(0): 1-21.
引用本文: 杨明杰, 黄子芮, 赵会, 等. 基于金属或杂原子掺杂碳量子点的合成及应用[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 42(0): 1-21.
YANG Mingjie, HUANG Zirui, ZHAO Hui, et al. Synthesis and application of carbon quantum dots doped with metal or heteroatom[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: YANG Mingjie, HUANG Zirui, ZHAO Hui, et al. Synthesis and application of carbon quantum dots doped with metal or heteroatom[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

基于金属或杂原子掺杂碳量子点的合成及应用

基金项目: 山东省自然科学基金 (ZR2021QB178, ZR2021QB197);催化材料制备及应用湖北省重点实验室开放基金(202306304)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    赵会,博士,实验师,硕士生导师,研究方向为金属掺杂凝胶材料的合成及其应用研究 E-mail: zhaohui7592@sdust.edu.cn

    高中政,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为金属纳米材料的合成及其在催化、传感领域的应用 E-mail: zzgao20@sdust.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB383.1;TB332

Synthesis and application of carbon quantum dots doped with metal or heteroatom

Funds: The National Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (No. ZR2021QB178, No. ZR2021QB197); The Foundation of Hubei Key Laboratory of Processing and Application of Catalytic materials (No. 202306304)
  • 摘要: 碳量子点(CDs)是一类新型的荧光小颗粒碳纳米粒子,其粒径小于10 nm,在生物成像、生物传感和疾病检测等领域有着广泛的应用。CDs具有较小的颗粒尺寸、良好的生物相容性和激发波长依赖的光致发光(PL)、光致电子转移、化学惰性和低毒等特点,是很有前景的纳米生物技术材料。掺杂金属或杂原子的CDs具有制备简单、生物相容性好、性能优良等优点,在生化、生物和生物医学等领域具有极大的优势。本文对金属或杂原子掺杂CDs的研究进展、合成方法和应用进行了综述,并对金属或杂原子掺杂CDs目前面临的挑战和未来的前景进行了讨论。

     

  • 图  1  N-CNDs的制备过程及其在细菌灭活中的应用示意图[34]

    Figure  1.  Diagram of the preparation process of N-CNDs and its application in bacterial inactivation[34]

    图  2  CDs@NC检测D-Pro和D-Ala的机制示意图[35]

    Figure  2.  CDs@NC Schematic diagram of detecting D-Pro and D-Ala[35]

    图  3  通过吹糖方法形成 N-CDs 的示意图[36]

    Figure  3.  A diagram of N-CDs is formed by blowing sugar[36]

    图  4  N-CDs的合成及光催化示意图[37]

    Figure  4.  Synthesis and photocatalysis of N-CDs[37]

    图  5  碳点的合成及添加四环素猝灭效果示意图[43]

    Figure  5.  Carbon point synthesis and quenching effect of adding tetracycline[43]

    图  6  N-CDs和N, S-CDs的合成和应用示意图[44]

    Figure  6.  Schematic illustration of N-CDs and N, S-CDs synthesis and applications[44]

    图  7  P-CDs的制备及其在抗菌药物中的应用示意图[50]

    Figure  7.  Preparation of P-CDs and its application in antimicrobial drugs[50]

    图  8  P-CDs合成的示意图[52]

    Figure  8.  Schematic diagram of P-CDs formation[52]

    图  9  P-CDs与金属离子结合后荧光发射增强和猝灭的示意图[53]

    Figure  9.  Schematic diagram of fluorescence emission enhancement and quenching of P-CDs after binding with metal ions[53]

    图  10  B-CDs形成的示意图;B-CDS作用于Colo 320 CD133+细胞后,caspase3、Ki67、lamin B1、P16、cytochrome C的免疫反应[55]

    Figure  10.  Diagram of B-CDs formation; Immune reaction of caspase3, Ki67, lamin B1, P16, cytochrome C after B-CDS on Colo 320 CD133+ cells[55]

    图  11  苯基硼酸合成B-CDs并测定VB12或PS的示意图[56]

    Figure  11.  Phenylboric acid synthesis of B-CDs and determination of VB12 or PS diagram [56]

    图  12  B, S-CDs的合成过程和应用原理[57]

    Figure  12.  The synthesis process and application principle of B, S-CDs[57]

    图  13  CS@Fe/CDs 纳米酶的合成。(a) CS@Fe/CDs纳米酶的一锅水热法合成示意图;(b) CS@Fe/CDs纳米酶对细菌的类过氧化物酶催化活性示意图;(c)基于CS@Fe/CDs的纳米酶消除细菌生物膜的示意图[58]

    Figure  13.  Synthesis of CS@Fe/CDs nanozyme. (a) Schematic diagram of one-pot hydrothermal synthesis of CS@Fe/CDs nanozyme; (b) Schematic diagram of peroxide-like catalytic activity of CS@Fe/CDs nanozyme against bacteria; (c) Schematic diagram of bacterial biofilm elimination by nanozyme based on CS@Fe/CDs[58]

    图  14  Fe-CD/MOF-808(路线1)降解和检测对氧磷以及Fe-CD@MOF-808(路线2)降解和检测对硫磷的示意图[59]

    Figure  14.  Schematic diagram of Fe-CD/MOF-808 (Route 1) degradation and detection of parathion and Fe-CD@MOF-808 (route 2) degradation and detection of parathion[59]

    图  15  Fe-CDs的合成以及基于Fe-CDs对伤口愈合的应用的示意图[60]

    Figure  15.  Synthesis of Fe-CDs and schematic diagram of application of Fe-CDs to wound healing[60]

    图  16  GOX/MPDA/Fe@CDs用于协同化学动力学-光热对抗感染[61]

    Figure  16.  GOX/MPDA/Fe@CDs for collaborative chemical kinetics - Photothermal fight against infection [61]

    图  17  基于SA Fe-CDs纳米酶检测Pi的比色-荧光双模式传感原理图[62]

    Figure  17.  Colorimetric fluorescence dual-mode sensing diagram for Pi detection based on SA Fe-CDs nanozyme[62]

    图  18  SAFe-N-C纳米酶的合成示意图[63]

    Figure  18.  Schematic diagram of the SAFe-N-C nanozyme synthesis [63]

    图  19  Mo-CDs纳米酶传感平台示意图[64]

    Figure  19.  Schematic diagram of Mo-CDs nanoenzyme sensing platform[64]

    图  20  Co-CDs纳米酶比色测定葡萄糖及抗癌细胞作用的示意图[70]

    Figure  20.  Co-CDs nanase colorimetric determination of glucose and anti-cancer cells schematic diagram[70]

    图  21  Cu-CDs特异性检测TM的示意图[71]

    Figure  21.  Schematic diagram of Cu-CDs specific detection of TM[71]

    图  22  (a) NA-CDs/AuNPs的合成示意图; (b)通过增加Au@HgNPs汞合金的 POD活性对MeHg+进行比色测定;(c)NA-CDs/AuNPs对MeHg+的选择性及其机制[73]

    Figure  22.  (a) Schematic synthesis of NA-CDs/AuNPs; (b) Colorimetric determination of MeHg+ by increasing POD activity of Au@HgNPs amalgam; (c) Selectivity of NA-CDs/AuNPs to MeHg+ and its mechanism[73]

    图  23  DA-CQD@Pd@CpGODN水凝胶介导的原发性治疗肿瘤和远处未治疗肿瘤的催化免疫治疗示意图[76]

    Figure  23.  DA-CQD@Pd@CpGODN Schematic illustration of hydrogel-mediated catalytic immunotherapy of primary treated tumor and distant untreated tumor[76]

    图  24  (a)Pt-CDs的合成;(b) Pt-CDs在消除细胞内ROS中的应用[78]

    Figure  24.  (a) Synthesis of Pt-CDs. (b) Pt-CDs in the elimination of intracellular ROS[78]

    图  25  NCDs/UiO-66 纳米复合材料的制备过程示意图[82]

    Figure  25.  Schematic diagram of preparation process of NCDs/UiO-66 nanocomposites[82]

    图  26  (a) α-Co@NCNF纳米酶的合成示意图;(b)多种生物分子的比色检测[83]

    Figure  26.  (a) Schematic diagram of synthesis of α-Co@NCNF nanase; (b) colorimetric detection of multiple biomolecules[83]

    图  27  基于Fe NZs纳米酶检测α-glu活性及其抑制剂的原理图[84]

    Figure  27.  Schematic diagram of α-glu activity and its inhibitors based on Fe NZs nanoenzyme[84]

    图  28  基于Cu,Cl-CDs的双酶模拟活性的分析平台示意图[85]

    Figure  28.  Schematic diagram of analysis platform for double enzyme simulation activity based on Cu and Cl-CDs[85]

    图  29  Co-CDs的合成示意图[86]

    Figure  29.  Schematic synthesis of Co-CDs[86]

    图  30  Fe/N-CDs的合成、抗生物膜机制及应用示意图[87]

    Figure  30.  Synthesis of Fe/N-CDs nanase, mechanism and application of antibiofilm[87]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2024-04-30
  • 修回日期:  2024-06-06
  • 录用日期:  2024-06-14
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-07-05

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