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宽频蜂窝夹层结构吸波复合材料的低频隐身介质超材料研究

鹿海军 礼嵩明 黄浩 吴思保 王甲富

鹿海军, 礼嵩明, 黄浩, 等. 宽频蜂窝夹层结构吸波复合材料的低频隐身介质超材料研究[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 41(1): 188-195. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230512.002
引用本文: 鹿海军, 礼嵩明, 黄浩, 等. 宽频蜂窝夹层结构吸波复合材料的低频隐身介质超材料研究[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 41(1): 188-195. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230512.002
LU Haijun, LI Songming, HUANG Hao, et al. Study on the low frequency radar-stealth dielectric metamaterial of broadband wave-absorbing honeycomb sandwich composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2024, 41(1): 188-195. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230512.002
Citation: LU Haijun, LI Songming, HUANG Hao, et al. Study on the low frequency radar-stealth dielectric metamaterial of broadband wave-absorbing honeycomb sandwich composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2024, 41(1): 188-195. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230512.002

宽频蜂窝夹层结构吸波复合材料的低频隐身介质超材料研究

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230512.002
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    鹿海军,博士,高级工程师,研究方向为结构功能一体化复合材料 E-mail: haijunlu_hjl@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TB332

Study on the low frequency radar-stealth dielectric metamaterial of broadband wave-absorbing honeycomb sandwich composites

  • 摘要: 研究用于宽频蜂窝夹层结构吸波复合材料的介质超材料的低频隐身性能,分析碳纤维介质超材料单元的电磁响应特性及其对蜂窝夹层结构吸波复合材料电性能和力学性能的影响。结果表明:制备的碳纤维介质超材料单元可以实现与金属超材料单元相当的电磁响应效果;当吸波蜂窝高度为50 mm、透波面板厚度为1 mm时,碳纤维介质超材料单元的引入,可以使吸波蜂窝夹层结构复合材料低频吸波性能得到显著提升,L波段反射率最弱值提升2 dB以上,平均反射率提升4 dB以上;含碳纤维介质超材料单元透波面板基本力学性能与透波面板复合材料自身力学性能基本相当,引入碳纤维介质超材料单元不会降低透波面板力学性能。

     

  • 图  1  含介质超材料蜂窝夹层结构吸波复合材料制备流程图

    Figure  1.  Fabrication process of the wave-absorbing honeycomb sandwich composite containing dielectric metamaterial

    图  2  含超材料蜂窝夹层结构吸波复合材料结构示意图

    Figure  2.  Schematic structure of the honeycomb sandwich composite containing metamaterial

    图  3  超材料单元结构示意图

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of metamaterial unit structure

    图  4  含超材料单元与不含超材料单元的透波面板在1~18 GHz频率范围内的透波率曲线

    Figure  4.  Transmittivity curves of the wave-transmitting skin with/without metamaterial units in the frequency range of 1-18 GHz

    图  5  含超材料单元与不含超材料单元的透波蜂窝夹层结构在L波段的反射率曲线

    Figure  5.  Reflectivity curves of the wave-transmitting honeycomb sandwich composites with/without metamaterial units in the L-band

    图  6  超材料单元模板的实物照片

    Figure  6.  Photograph of the template for metamaterial unit

    图  7  含介质超材料单元透波面板 (a) 及含金属超材料单元透波面板 (b) 的实物照片

    Figure  7.  Photograph of the wave-transmitting skin containing dielectric metamaterial units (a) and metal metamaterial units (b)

    图  8  碳纤维超材料单元与金属超材料单元在L波段的透波率曲线

    Figure  8.  Transmittivity curves of the carbon fiber metamaterial units and metal metamaterial units in the L-band

    图  9  含碳纤维超材料单元与不含超材料单元的吸波蜂窝夹层结构的L波段反射率曲线

    Figure  9.  Reflectivity curves of the wave-absorbing honeycomb sandwich composites with/without carbon fiber metamaterials in the L-band

    表  1  碳纤维超材料单元与金属超材料单元在L波段透波特性的统计结果

    Table  1.   Statistical results about the wave-transmitting properties of carbon fiber metamaterial units and metal metamaterial units in the L-band

    Material
    type
    Peak frequency/
    GHz
    Minimum transmittivity/
    dB
    Averaged transmittivity/
    dB
    Metal metamaterial1.64−11.23−4.91
    Carbon fiber metamaterial1.63 −8.79−4.81
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同吸波蜂窝夹层结构复合材料在L波段吸波特性的统计结果

    Table  2.   Statistical results about the wave-absorbing properties of different wave-absorbing honeycomb sandwich composites in the L-band

    Material typeMaximum reflectivity/dBAveraged reflectivity/dB
    Without metamaterial−7.27−10.38
    With carbon fiber metamaterial−9.34−14.66
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  含碳纤维超材料单元与不含超材料单元的透波面板力学性能对比

    Table  3.   Comparison of the mechanical properties of wave-transmitting skin with/without carbon fiber metamaterial units

    Material Tensile property Compression property Bending property Interlaminar shear
    strength/MPa
    Strength/
    MPa
    Modulus/
    GPa
    Strength/
    MPa
    Modulus/
    GPa
    Strength/
    MPa
    Modulus/
    GPa
    With carbon fiber metamaterial 810 31.2 310 29.1 625 24.7 407
    Without metamaterial 815 30.1 307 28.1 629 25.6 51.5
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-22
  • 修回日期:  2023-05-03
  • 录用日期:  2023-05-06
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-05-12
  • 刊出日期:  2024-01-01

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