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湿度响应致动器的研究进展和展望

郑宗敏 何田 杨震 李征

郑宗敏, 何田, 杨震, 等. 湿度响应致动器的研究进展和展望[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-11
引用本文: 郑宗敏, 何田, 杨震, 等. 湿度响应致动器的研究进展和展望[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-11
Zongmin ZHENG, Tian HE, Zhen YANG, Zheng LI. Research progress and the prospect of humidity response actuators[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: Zongmin ZHENG, Tian HE, Zhen YANG, Zheng LI. Research progress and the prospect of humidity response actuators[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

湿度响应致动器的研究进展和展望

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金 (21805146)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    郑宗敏,博士研究生,讲师,硕士生导师,研究方向为复合膜及储能材料 E-mail: zmzhneg@qdu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB332

Research progress and the prospect of humidity response actuators

Funds: The National Natural Science Foundation (21805146)
  • 摘要: 论文总结了近几年湿度响应致动器的研究进展,从湿度响应致动器分类和驱动原理出发,主要讨论了响应性材料和致动器结构设计,对湿度响应材料目前的发展现状和存在的关键科学难点进行了系统的总结,旨在为具有新颖功能的智能微型致动器提供新的设计思路。多刺激响应、可编程,多功能和驱动-传感-控制一体化等多学科交叉研究方向将是未来湿度响应致动器研究新的突破点。

     

  • 图  1  不同结构致动器的变形原理示意图:单层薄膜致动器(A),双层薄膜致动器(B),纤维拉伸(C)和扭转(D)致动器,球形致动器(E)

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of deformation principle of actuator with different structure: single layer film actuator (A), double layer film actuator (B), stretch (C) and torsion (D) fibrous actuators, spherical actuators (E)

    图  2  薄膜(A)和纤维扭转(B)致动器的致动机制示意图

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of actuating mechanism of (A) layer film and (B) fibrous torsion actuator

    图  3  亲水改性的CNTs纤维致动器示意图和操控智能窗开关应用(A, B)[12];PBONF增强的CNT/PVA双层薄膜致动器的微观结构和晴雨天预测应用(C, D)[15];BOPP-CNT纸复合薄膜致动器的微观结构和湿度响应性能(E, F)[16];CS-MWCNTs复合薄膜致动器举重物展示(G)[17]

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of a hydrophilic modified CNTs fiber actuator and application of a control intelligent window switch (A, B)[12]; microstructure of PBONF reinforced CNT/PVA double film actuator and its application in sunny and rainy weather prediction (C, D)[15]; microstructure and humidity response of BOPP-CNT paper Composite film actuator (E, F)[16]; weight lifting display of CS-MWCNTs composite thin film actuator (G)[17]

    图  4  GO纤维在不同湿度下的变形(A)[19];GO薄膜的湿致变形原理(B)和举起8倍自身重货物照片(C)[20]

    Figure  4.  Deformation of GO fiber under different humidity (A)[19]; wet deformation principle of GO film (B) and the digital photo for lifting an object of 8 times its own mass (C)[20]

    图  5  不对称结构的GO膜的制备流程和湿度响应性能(A, B)[21];单一周期梯度结构GO薄膜的结构示意图和湿度响应性能(C, D)[22];周期性格栅结构GO薄膜致动器的制备流程和不同格栅间距薄膜湿度响应性能(E-G)[23]

    Figure  5.  Preparation process and humidity response of asymmetric GO membrane (A, B)[21]; structure diagram and humidity response performance of GO films with single period gradient structure (C, D)[22]; fabrication process of periodic grid structure GO film actuator and humidity response with different grid spacing (E-G)[23]

    图  6  自支撑MXene(A)[28]薄膜致动器的结构示意图;G-MXCP薄膜致动器的结构示意图(B)和爬行器的踩踏实验图(C)[29]; MXene/GO薄膜致动器的微观结构图(D)和电磁屏蔽性能(E)[30]

    Figure  6.  Schematic diagram of self-standing MXene membrane actuator (A)[28]; schematic diagram of g-MXCP film actuator (B) and the trample of the tractor (C)[29]; microstructure diagram (D) and electromagnetic shielding performance of MXene/GO film actuator (E)[30]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-02-23
  • 录用日期:  2022-05-05
  • 修回日期:  2022-04-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-05-16

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