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蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波复合材料的设计、制备与性能

吕丽华 王荣蕊 刘文迪 周兴海 高原

吕丽华, 王荣蕊, 刘文迪, 等. 蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波复合材料的设计、制备与性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-7
引用本文: 吕丽华, 王荣蕊, 刘文迪, 等. 蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波复合材料的设计、制备与性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-7
Lihua LYU, Rongrui WANG, Wendi LIU, Xinghai ZHOU, Yuan GAO. Design, preparation and properties of honeycomb 3 D integral woven structure microwave absorbing composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: Lihua LYU, Rongrui WANG, Wendi LIU, Xinghai ZHOU, Yuan GAO. Design, preparation and properties of honeycomb 3 D integral woven structure microwave absorbing composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波复合材料的设计、制备与性能

基金项目: 先进纺织复合材料教育部重点实验室基金(MATC-2021-003);辽宁省自然科学基金项目(1645749635925)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    吕丽华,博士,教授,研究方向为三维纺织结构与功能一体化材料制备技术 E-mail:lvlh@dlpu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB332

Design, preparation and properties of honeycomb 3 D integral woven structure microwave absorbing composites

  • 摘要: 为了解决蜂窝夹层结构材料的开裂和分层问题,以玄武岩纤维长丝纱和碳纤维长丝纱为原料,在普通织机上,经合理设计,织造了顶层为透波层、中间层为吸波层和底面为反射层的蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波织物;其次,以蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波织物为增强体,双酚A型环氧树脂为基体,羰基铁粉 (CIP) 和炭黑 (CB) 为吸波剂,采用真空辅助树脂传递模塑 (VARTM) 成型工艺,制备了不同结构参数的蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波复合材料;最后,采用矢量网络分析仪和万能试验机分别对蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波复合材料的吸波性能和力学性能进行研究。研究表明,其有良好的整体性能,兼具吸波和承载能力。

     

  • 图  1  蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波织物的截面图

    Figure  1.  Cross section of honeycomb 3 D integral woven structure microwave absorbing fabric

    图  2  蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波织物的组织结构:(a)经向截面图;(b)纹板图

    Figure  2.  Organization structure of honeycomb 3 D integral woven structure microwave absorbing fabric: (a) Warp section; (b) Pattern plate

    图  3  蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波织物单胞示意图 :(a)单胞织造流程;(b)单胞整体和三视图

    Figure  3.  Cell diagram of honeycomb 3 D integral woven structure microwave absorbing fabric: (a) Flow chart of single cell weaving; (b) Whole cell and three views

    图  4  蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波复合材料制备工艺

    Figure  4.  Preparation process of honeycomb 3 D integral woven structure microwave absorbing composite

    图  5  蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型复合材料实物图:(a)无吸波剂无碳纤维反射层;(b)无吸波剂有碳纤维反射层;(c)有吸波剂有碳纤维反射层

    Figure  5.  Physical drawing of honeycomb 3 D woven structure composite: (a) No absorbing agent, no carbon fiber reflection; (b) No absorbing agent, with carbon fiber reflection; (c) With absorbing agent and carbon fiber reflection

    图  6  弓形法测试吸波损耗示意图

    Figure  6.  Schematic diagram of measuring reflection loss by bow method

    图  7  三点弯曲实验示意图

    Figure  7.  Schematic diagram of three-point bending experiment

    图  8  蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波复合材料的弯曲变形过程:(a) 弯曲前的状态;(b) 弯曲中的状态;(c) 弯曲后的状态

    Figure  8.  Bending deformation process of honeycomb 3 D woven structure microwave absorbing composite: (a) State before bending; (b) State during bending; (c) State after bending

    图  9  蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波复合材料的吸波损耗曲线

    Figure  9.  Reflection loss curves of honeycomb 3 D woven structure microwave absorbing composites

    图  10  蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波复合材料的吸波机制示意图

    Figure  10.  Schematic diagram of microwave absorbing mechanism of honeycomb 3 D integral woven structure microwave absorbing composite

    图  11  蜂窝状三维机织结构型吸波复合材料表面SEM图像(a)及能谱图(b)

    Figure  11.  SEM image (a) and energy spectrum(b) of honeycomb 3 D woven structure microwave absorbing composite surface

    图  12  蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波复合材料破坏模式:(a) 整体图;(b) 上表面破坏图;(c) 下表面破坏图;(d) 侧面破坏图

    Figure  12.  Morphologies of honeycomb 3 D woven structure microwave absorbing composite after bending: (a) Overall photo; (b) Upper surface failure diagram; (c) Lower surface failure diagram; (d) Side failure diagram

    表  1  蜂窝状三维整体机织结构型吸波复合材料最大载荷对比

    Table  1.   Comparison of maximum load of honeycomb 3 D integral woven structure microwave absorbing composites

    SampleMaximum load/N
    Sample 1 (no absorbing agent,
    no carbon fiber reflection)
    990.6
    Sample 2 (no absorbing agent,
    with carbon fiber reflection)
    1002.03
    Sample 3 (with absorbing agent
    and carbon fiber reflection)
    846.38
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-10
  • 录用日期:  2022-04-16
  • 修回日期:  2022-04-07
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-05-10

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