留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

自修复光致变色聚氨酯复合织物的制备与性能

李含 郭阳 白松 吴焕岭 林玲 冒海燕

李含, 郭阳, 白松, 等. 自修复光致变色聚氨酯复合织物的制备与性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 42(0): 1-11.
引用本文: 李含, 郭阳, 白松, 等. 自修复光致变色聚氨酯复合织物的制备与性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 42(0): 1-11.
LI Han, GUO Yang, BAI Song, et al. Preparation and properties of self-healing photochromic polyurethane composite fabric[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: LI Han, GUO Yang, BAI Song, et al. Preparation and properties of self-healing photochromic polyurethane composite fabric[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

自修复光致变色聚氨酯复合织物的制备与性能

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金青年项目(52103067);江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK20191045)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    冒海燕,博士,副教授,研究方向主要从事刺激响应性聚氨酯的制备及应用, E-mail:maohaiyan@ycit.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB332

Preparation and properties of self-healing photochromic polyurethane composite fabric

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 52103067); Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20191045)
  • 摘要: 为提高光致变色涂层织物耐用性能,采用光致变色微胶囊(PM)与两性离子聚氨酯(ZPU)制备PM/ZPU薄膜,并热压到棉织物上得到自修复光致变色PM/ZPU复合织物。对PM/ZPU复合织物的结构和形貌进行表征,并详细探讨了PM/ZPU复合织物的光致变色性能、自修复及回收利用能力。结果表明:经紫外光照射后,PM/ZPU复合织物的最大吸收波长由470 nm转移到530 nm,颜色由黄橙色变为红褐色,且具有良好的耐疲劳性能;基于两性离子的动态可逆性,PM/ZPU复合织物划痕可以在80 ℃下完全修复,断裂的复合织物在60 ℃下的黏合强度达到1.47 MPa,展现了优异的自修复性能;通过简单的溶解法可将废弃织物上的涂层进行回收并再利用,重新制备PM/ZPU复合织物依然具有良好的光致变色性能。

     

  • 图  1  (a) 两性离子聚氨酯(ZPU)的合成; (b) 光致变色微胶囊(PM)/ZPU复合织物的制备

    Figure  1.  (a) Synthesis of zwitterionic polyurethane (ZPU); (b) Preparation of photochromic microcapsules (PM)/ZPU composite fabric

    图  2  ZPU复合织物(a)和PM/ZPU复合织物(b)的红外光谱图

    Figure  2.  FTIR spectra of ZPU composite fabrics (a) and PM/ZPU composite fabrics (b)

    图  3  复合织物的表面(a、b)、截面(a'、b')SEM图像和复合织物的EDS图像(c)

    Figure  3.  SEM images of the surface (a, b) and cross-sectional (a ', b') for composite fabrics, and EDS images (c) of composite fabrics

    图  4  (a)纯棉织物;(b)ZPU复合织物;(c)PM/ZPU复合织物的接触角

    Figure  4.  Contact angle photo of (a) pure cotton fabric、(b)ZPU composite fabric、(c)PM/ZPU composite fabric

    图  5  PM/ZPU复合织物在室温(a)和90℃(b)下的透气性

    Figure  5.  Permeability of PM/ZPU composite fabrics at room temperature (a) and 90℃ (b)

    图  6  (a)不同压力下PM/ZPU复合织物正反面的K/S值;(b)在最大吸收波长处的K/S

    Figure  6.  (a) The K/S values of the front and back surfaces of PM/ZPU composite fabrics under different pressures;(b) K/S value at maximum absorption wavelength

    K—absorption coefficient; S—scattering coefficient

    图  7  (a) PM/ZPU复合织物K/S值曲线随紫外光照射时间变化;(b) 完全变色后复合织物随时间褪色的K/S值曲线;(c) PM可逆光致变色机制

    Figure  7.  (a) K/S value of the composite fabric under UV irradiation time; (b) K/S value of the photochromic composite fabric in the dark; (c) Reversible photochromic mechanism of PM

    图  8  PM/ZPU复合织物的耐疲劳性

    Figure  8.  Fatigue resistance of photochromic composite fabrics

    图  9  复合织物划痕在不同温度下的自修复情况及机制

    Figure  9.  Self-healing process and mechanism of composite fabric under varied temperature

    图  10  PM/ZPU复合织物断片自修复能力

    Figure  10.  Self-healing ability of PM/ZPU composite fabric fragments

    图  11  PM/ZPU复合织物的可回收性和再利用性

    Figure  11.  Recyclability and Reusability of PM/ZPU composite Fabrics

  • [1] 曾婵娟, 籍晓倩, 刘雯雯, 等. 10, 12-二十五碳二炔酸改性聚氨酯/聚环氧乙烯纤维膜制备及其紫外光/热致变色性能[J]. 纺织学报, 2018, 39(08): 9-14.

    ZENG Chanjuan, JI Xiaoqian, LIU Wenwen, et al. Preparation of 10, 12-25 carbodiacetylenic acid modified polyurethane/polyepoxy-ethylene fiber film and its UV/thermochromic properties[J]. Journal of Textile Research, 2018, 39(08): 9-14(in Chinese).
    [2] NAN H, XIAOXING Y, WENTING Z. Influence of photochromic microcapsules on properties of waterborne coating on wood and metal substrates[J]. Coatings, 2022, 12(11): 1750-1750. doi: 10.3390/coatings12111750
    [3] XINYAO W, XINHUAN M, SHIQIANG C, et al. Preparation of a photochromic diarylethene microcapsule with high fatigue resistant and printed on cotton fabric[J]. Materials Letters, 2023, 346: 134530. doi: 10.1016/j.matlet.2023.134530
    [4] 陈鑫, 费良, 殷允杰, 等. 溶剂挥发法制备聚苯乙烯壁材光致变色微胶囊[J]. 精细化工, 2023, 40(01): 63-8.

    CHEN Xin, FEI Liang, YIN Yunjie, et al. Photochromic microcapsules of polystyrene wall materials were prepared by solvent volatilization[J]. Fine Chemicals, 2023, 40(01): 63-68(in Chinese).
    [5] YANAN H, JINGXIANG Z, ZUSHUN X, et al. Preparation and properties of water-based photochromic polyurethane coatings containing Er(III)-doped WO3[J]. Surface and Interface Analysis, 2023, 55(4): 288-295. doi: 10.1002/sia.7189
    [6] YAN G, WENHUI Z, NA H, et al. Cotton fabric containing photochromic microcapsules combined thermal energy storage features[J]. Colloids and Surfaces A:Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2022, 648: 129249. doi: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2022.129249
    [7] 鲍利红, 孙佳逊. 水性光致变色聚氨酯的制备及其性能研究[J]. 涂料工业, 2015, 45(12): 7-13. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4312.2015.12.002

    BAO Lihong, SUN Jiaxun. Preparation and properties of waterborne photochromic polyurethane[J]. Coatings Industry, 2015, 45(12): 7-13(in Chinese). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4312.2015.12.002
    [8] 郭静, 胡钒, 张红娟, 等. 光致变色纺织品的制备方法及其应用[J]. 上海纺织科技, 2022, 50(12): 8-12+43.

    GUO Jing, HU Fan, ZHANG Hongjuan, et al. Preparation method and application of photochromic textiles[J]. Shanghai Textile Science, 2022, 50(12): 8-12+43(in Chinese).
    [9] BAO B, FAN J, WANG W, et al. Photochromic cotton fabric prepared by spiropyran-ternimated water polyurethane coating[J]. Fibers and Polymers, 2020, 21(4): 733-742. doi: 10.1007/s12221-020-9749-3
    [10] 丁子寒, 邱华. 纳米二氧化硅改性水性聚氨酯防水透湿涂层织物的制备及其性能[J]. 纺织学报, 2021, 42(03): 130-5.

    DING Zihan , QU Hua. Preparation and properties of waterborne polyurethane waterproof permeable coating fabric modified by nano silica[J]. Journal of Textile Research, 2021, 42(03): 130-135(in Chinese).
    [11] 张聪聪, 郑梦凯, 李伯耿. 软段结构对聚氨酯弹性体性能的影响[J]. 化工学报, 2019, 70(10): 4043-51.

    ZHANG Congcong, ZHEN Mengkai, LI Bogeng. Influence of soft segment structure on properties of polyurethane elastomers[J]. CIESC Journal, 2019, 70(10): 4043-4051(in Chinese).
    [12] YAYUAN L, FUYUE T, JING H, et al. Photochromic polyurethane coatings with cross-linked structure and self-healing behavior based on the FRET Effect[J]. Macromolecular rapid communications, 2023: 2300097.
    [13] 闫欣悦, 丁楠洋, 王成忠. 基于D-A反应的热可逆聚氨酯合成及其碳纤维复合材料的制备与性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 41(0): 1-9.

    YAN Xinyue, DING Nanyang, WANG Chenzhong. Preparation and properties of thermoreversible polyurethane synthesis and carbon fiber composites based on D-A reaction[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 41(0): 1-9(in Chinese).
    [14] 刘明光, 刘吟松, 晏欣, 等. 磺酸甜菜碱内盐聚氨酯的制备与性能[J]. 聚氨酯工业, 2015, 30(05): 18-21.

    LIU Mingguang , LIU Yinsong, YAN Xin, et al. Preparation and properties of polyurethanes containing betaine sulfonic acid[J]. Polyurethane Industry, 2015, 30(05): 18-21(in Chinese).
    [15] 孙振龙, 张桢焱, 周容涛, 等. 两性离子聚合物材料杀菌/抗黏附功能自适应转化的设计策略[J]. 材料导报, 2020, 34(23): 23199-204.

    SUN Zhenlong, ZHANG Zhenyan, ZHOU Rongtao, et al. Design strategy for adaptive transformation of bactericidal/anti-adhesion function of zwitterionic polymer materials[J]. Materials Reports, 2020, 34(23): 23199-23204(in Chinese).
    [16] HAIYAN M, QUN Z, LING L, et al. A self-healable and recyclable zwitterionic polyurethane based on dynamic ionic interactions[J]. Polymers, 2023, 15(5): 1270-1270. doi: 10.3390/polym15051270
    [17] ZIWEN Z, PANPAN P, QINGYUN W, et al. Preparation and antibacterial properties of poly(hexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride) modified ionic waterborne polyurethane[J]. Progress in Organic Coatings, 2021, 156: 106246. doi: 10.1016/j.porgcoat.2021.106246
    [18] 朱航, 刘静, 雷西萍, 等. 十四酸改性SiO2/超支化PDMS自修复涂层的制备及其超疏水性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 41: 1-13.

    ZHU Hang, LIU Jing, LEI Xiping, et al. Preparation and superhydrophobic properties of tetradecanoic acid modified SiO2/ hyperbranched PDMS self-healing coatings[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 41: 1-13(in Chinese).
    [19] 王学川, 张哲, 郭子东, 等. 两性离子型水性聚氨酯构效关系研究[J]. 功能材料, 2016, 47(04): 4040-4+9.

    WANG Xuechuan, ZHANG Zhe, GUO Zidong, et al. Study on structure-activity relationship of zwitterionic aqueous polyurethane[J]. Journal of Functional Materials, 2016, 47(04): 4040-4044+4049(in Chinese).
    [20] ZIXU H, SINA N, KUAN C, et al. Scalable inter-diffused zwitterionic polyurethanes for durable antibacterial coatings[J]. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2021, 422: 130085. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2021.130085
    [21] 陈心怡, 李瑀, 封伟. 基于两性离子的自修复准固态聚合物电解质[J]. 高分子学报, 2022, 53(11): 1349-57.

    CHEN Xinyi, LI Yu, FNEG Wei. Self-healing quasi-solid polymer electrolyte based on zwitterion[J]. Acta Polymerica Sinica, 2022, 53(11): 1349-1357(in Chinese).
    [22] MINMIN W, XU S, WEIQUN L, et al. A zwitterionic polyurethane-based self-healing triboelectric nanogenerator for efficient self-powered sensing[J]. Materials Letters, 2023, 333: 133629. doi: 10.1016/j.matlet.2022.133629
    [23] XIAO X, CHEN H, CHEN S. New zwitterionic polyurethanes containing pendant carboxyl-pyridinium with shape memory, shape reconfiguration, and self-healing properties[J]. Polymer, 2019, 180: 121727. doi: 10.1016/j.polymer.2019.121727
    [24] 王有朋. 具有多重响应形状记忆和自修复两性离子聚合物的制备研究[J]. 高分子通报, 2020, (06): 43-9.

    WANG Youpeng. Preparation of self-healing zwitterionic polymers with multiple response shape memory[J]. Polymer Bulletin, 2020, (06): 43-49(in Chinese).
    [25] KANG C, HAOXIN Z, ZHIYI Z, et al. Self-healing polyurethane coatings based on dynamic chemical bond synergy under conditions of photothermal response[J]. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2023, 474: 145811. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2023.145811
    [26] 赵凯. 织物基可视化应变传感材料的构筑及性能研究 [D]. 大连理工大学, 2022.

    ZHAO Kai. Fabrication and properties of textile-based visualized strain sensing materials [D]. Dalian University of Technology, 2022(in Chinese).
    [27] 胡勇杰. 纳米二氧化硅/聚醚共聚乙酰胺防水透气涂层织物的研制及其性能[J]. 纺织学报, 2018, 39(10): 104-9.

    HU Yongjie. Preparation and properties of nano silica/polyether copolymer acetamide waterproof breathable coating fabric[J]. Journal of Textile Research, 2018, 39(10): 104-109(in Chinese).
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  155
  • HTML全文浏览量:  92
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-10-24
  • 修回日期:  2023-11-25
  • 录用日期:  2023-12-01
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-12-21

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回