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碳纤维增韧陶瓷基复合材料高温氧化性能研究进展:氧化机理、氧化损伤实验与模型

方国东 王章文 李赛 王兵 孟松鹤

方国东, 王章文, 李赛, 等. 碳纤维增韧陶瓷基复合材料高温氧化性能研究进展:氧化机理、氧化损伤实验与模型[J]. 复合材料学报, 2025, 42(待排刊): 1-16.
引用本文: 方国东, 王章文, 李赛, 等. 碳纤维增韧陶瓷基复合材料高温氧化性能研究进展:氧化机理、氧化损伤实验与模型[J]. 复合材料学报, 2025, 42(待排刊): 1-16.
FANG Guodong, WANG Zhangwen, LI Sai, et al. Review of high-temperature oxidation properties for carbon fiber toughened ceramic matrix composites: oxidation mechanisms, oxidation damage experiments and models[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: FANG Guodong, WANG Zhangwen, LI Sai, et al. Review of high-temperature oxidation properties for carbon fiber toughened ceramic matrix composites: oxidation mechanisms, oxidation damage experiments and models[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

碳纤维增韧陶瓷基复合材料高温氧化性能研究进展:氧化机理、氧化损伤实验与模型

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(No.12090034);黑龙江省自然科学基金(Grant Nos. YQ2021A004)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    方国东,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为编织复合材料力学和多场耦合数值计算 E-mail: fanggd@hit.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB332

Review of high-temperature oxidation properties for carbon fiber toughened ceramic matrix composites: oxidation mechanisms, oxidation damage experiments and models

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.12090034); Natural Science Foundation of Heilongjiang Province (Grant Nos. YQ2021A004)
  • 摘要: 碳纤维增韧陶瓷基复合材料兼具陶瓷材料优良的抗氧化腐蚀性能和碳纤维材料增强增韧的力学性能,已成为最有潜力的高超声速飞行器热防护候选材料。碳纤维增韧陶瓷基复合材料在多物理场耦合服役环境下的高温氧化损伤失效机理对热防护材料设计及性能表征与评价至关重要,也一直是国内外学者研究的热点。本文从高温氧化机理、耦合失效实验、高温氧化模型三个方面对C/SiC和C/ZrB2-SiC复合材料进行详细论述和总结,对相应的研究方法的局限性和适用范围进行分析和评价,并展望了碳纤维增韧陶瓷基复合材料氧化损伤研究的发展趋势,进而为碳纤维增韧陶瓷基复合材料在热力氧耦合条件下的热/力响应及性能评价研究奠定理论模型基础。

     

  • 图  1  热防护系统与热防护材料[1]

    Figure  1.  Thermal protection systems and materials[1]

    图  2  ZrB2-SiC高温氧化行为研究:(a)采用DNE-TGA分析ZrB2-SiC在1600℃空气氧化不同时间后的材料微结构演化[8];(b)基于SEM与XEDS的ZrB2-SiC在1627℃空气中氧化后扫描分析结果[11];(c)基于实验结果建立氧化产物演化模型示意图[17]

    Figure  2.  Study on high temperature oxidation behavior of ZrB2-SiC: (a) DNE-TGA was used to analyze the microstructure evolution of ZrB2-SiC after oxidation in air at 1600℃ for different times[8]; (b) Scanning analysis results of ZrB2-SiC after oxidation in air at 1627℃ based on SEM and XEDS[11];(c) Schematic diagram of oxidation product evolution model based on experimental results[17]

    图  3  数据驱动的方法在陶瓷氧化损伤研究中的应用[29, 30]:(a)使用从文献中提取的实验数据库训练ML以预测氧化损伤; (b)模型预测氧化层厚度随温度变化和实际值的比较

    Figure  3.  Application of data-driven methods in the study of ceramic oxidation damage[29, 30]: (a) ML trained by the experimental database extracted from the literature to predict oxidative damage; (b) Comparison of model prediction and actual oxide scale thickness values vs. temperature

    图  4  碳纤维与C/SiC复合材料的高温氧化行为研究:(a)T300碳纤维的恒温氧化失重曲线[31];(b)平纹C/SiC复合材料的恒温氧化失重曲线[31];(c)基体裂纹提供氧气通道诱导局部纤维的氧化[31];(d)在裂纹尖端形成的碳纤维消耗区[33]

    Figure  4.  High temperature oxidation behavior of carbon fiber and c/sic composite: (a) Isothermal oxidation weight loss curve of T300 carbon fiber[31];(b) Isothermal oxidation weight loss curve of plain c/sic composite[31]; (c) Matrix crack provides oxygen channel to induce local fiber oxidation[31]; (d) Carbon fiber consumption zone formed at the crack tip[33]

    图  5  C/ZrB2-SiC复合材料的氧化失重研究[36]:(a)试样的比重随温度的变化曲线;(b) 碳氧化失重和基体氧化增重的竞争

    Figure  5.  Study on oxidation mass loss of C/ZrB2-SiC composites[36]: (a) Curve of specific gravity of samples with temperature; (b) Competition between carbon oxidation mass loss and matrix oxidation mass gain

    图  6  C/ZrB2-SiC复合材料的高温氧化行为研究:(a)不同深度的氧化层微结构成分与形貌[36];(b)轴向纤维和横向纤维在空气中的氧化行为示意图[34]

    Figure  6.  Study on high temperature oxidation behavior of C/ZrB2-SiC composites: (a) Microstructure composition and morphology of oxide layers at different depths[36]; (c) Oxidation behavior of axial fibers and transverse fibers in air[34]

    图  7  C/SiC复合材料的裂纹闭合行为[32]:(a), (b)高温氧化后基体裂纹弥合;(c)裂纹闭合导致性能提升

    Figure  7.  Study on crack closure behavior of C/SiC composites[32]: (a) and (b) Crack closure in SiC matrix after high temperature oxidation; (c) Crack closure leads to improved performance

    图  8  C/SiC复合材料的应力氧化行为[45]:(a)均匀与非均匀氧化共存形貌,归一化应力NS=0.32;(b)非均匀氧化形貌, 归一化应力NS=0.64;(c) 在不同应力氧化机制下C/SiC复合材料的长度变化

    Figure  8.  Study on stress oxidation behavior of C/SiC composites[45]: (a) Uniform/non-uniform fiber oxidation coexistence, NS=0.32; (b) Non-uniform fiber oxidation, NS=0.64; (c) Length changes of C/SiC composites under different stress oxidation mechanisms

    图  9  C/SiC复合材料的耦合失效研究:(a)拉伸载荷作用下裂纹的演化与局部纤维结构相关[47];(b),(c)基于原位Micro-CT表征SiC/SiC的应力氧化力学行为和结构特征[53]

    Figure  9.  Study on coupling failure behavior of ceramic matrix composites: (a) The evolution of cracks under tensile load is related to local fiber structure[47]; (b) and (c) Characterization of stress oxidation mechanical behavior and structural characteristics of sic/sic based on in-situ Micro-CT[53]

    图  10  陶瓷基复合材料冲击损伤实验以及剩余性能研究: (a)氧乙炔对冲击后C/C复合材料和SiC-C/C复合材料氧化测试与损伤表征[59];(b)氧化质量损失与涂层冲击损伤面积的关系以及C/SiC复合材料剩余弯曲性能[59]

    Figure  10.  The impact damage experiment and residual performance study of ceramic matrix composites: (a) Oxidation test and damage characterization of oxyacetylene on C/C composites and SiC-C/C composites after impact [59]; (b) Relationship between oxidation mass loss and impact damage area of coating and C/SiC residual bending properties of composites [59]

    图  11  陶瓷基复合材料的宏细观氧化模型:(a)基于不同控制因素的宏观氧化模型[61];(b)建立考虑预制裂纹的纤维横向氧化细观有限元模型[63];(c)基于剪滞理论的细观氧化损伤模型[66]

    Figure  11.  Macro and meso scale oxidation models of ceramic matrix composites: (a) Macro oxidation model based on different control factors[61]; (b) Meso finite element model of fiber transverse oxidation considering prefabricated cracks[63]; (c) Meso oxidation damage model based on shear lag theory[66]

    图  12  陶瓷基复合材料的耦合失效模型:(a)非线性宏-微观耦合二维有限元模型[69];(b)氧气浓度计算结果[69];(c)基于Micro-CT建立的细观单胞模型[71];(d)基于用户子程序的氧化损伤模拟云图[71];(e)结合氧化动力学和渐近损伤模型的失效分析方法[73]

    Figure  12.  Coupling failure model of ceramic matrix composites: (a) Nonlinear macro micro coupled two-dimensional finite element model[69]; (b) Oxygen concentration calculation[69]; (c) Meso model based on Micro-CT[71]; (d) Oxidation damage cloud figure simulated by user subroutine[71]; (e) Failure analysis method combining oxidation kinetics and asymptotic damage models[73]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2024-02-22
  • 修回日期:  2024-03-20
  • 录用日期:  2024-04-03
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-05-09

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