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2D-C/SiC复合材料的主泊松比演化行为

郑茹悦 杨成鹏 乔成成 贾斐

郑茹悦, 杨成鹏, 乔成成, 等. 2D-C/SiC复合材料的主泊松比演化行为[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(6): 3683-3694. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220913.003
引用本文: 郑茹悦, 杨成鹏, 乔成成, 等. 2D-C/SiC复合材料的主泊松比演化行为[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(6): 3683-3694. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220913.003
ZHENG Ruyue, YANG Chengpeng, QIAO Chengcheng, et al. Evolution behavior of major Poisson's ratio of 2D-C/SiC composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(6): 3683-3694. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220913.003
Citation: ZHENG Ruyue, YANG Chengpeng, QIAO Chengcheng, et al. Evolution behavior of major Poisson's ratio of 2D-C/SiC composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(6): 3683-3694. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220913.003

2D-C/SiC复合材料的主泊松比演化行为

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220913.003
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(12072274);陕西省自然科学基础研究计划(2021JM-123)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    杨成鹏,博士,副教授,博士生导师,研究方向为复合材料力学 E-mail: yang@mail.nwpu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB332

Evolution behavior of major Poisson's ratio of 2D-C/SiC composites

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (12072274); Natural Science Basic Research Program of Shaanxi Province (2021JM-123)
  • 摘要: 泊松比是材料及其结构力学性能分析的重要参数之一。本文旨在研究2D-C/SiC复合材料主泊松比的非线性演化行为。首先,基于Mini复合材料模型与正交层压板模型,考虑纤维的横观各向同性性质,建立了2D-C/SiC复合材料的热残余应力计算模型;其次,应用剪滞理论与经典层压板理论,考虑材料的损伤与热残余应力释放机制,建立了2D-C/SiC复合材料的主泊松比计算模型;最后,通过试验表征了材料的应变响应及泊松比演化规律,并对理论模型进行了分析验证。结果表明,2D-C/SiC复合材料内部热残余应力较大,拉伸损伤过程中的热残余应力释放是负泊松比产生的原因;应力-应变曲线及泊松比演化曲线的模型预测结果均与试验曲线吻合较好,表明了理论分析模型的准确性与合理性。

     

  • 图  1  正交铺设C/SiC复合材料的特征体元

    Figure  1.  Representative volume element of cross-ply C/SiC

    图  2  同心圆柱单胞模型

    Figure  2.  Concentric cylindrical unit cell model

    图  3  圆筒截面应力示意图

    Figure  3.  Schematic illustration of stresses on cylinder section

    q—Fiber-matrix interface pressure; σφm—Circumferential stress in the matrix; ρ—Radial coordinate; φ—Angular coordinate

    图  4  Mini复合材料细观损伤模型

    Figure  4.  Mini composite model of microscopic damages

    图  5  基体裂纹间距演变规律

    Figure  5.  Evolution behavior of matrix crack spacing

    图  6  纤维和基体的应力分布

    Figure  6.  Stress distribution of fiber and matrix

    图  7  界面全部脱粘时的应力图

    Figure  7.  Stress diagram upon interface is completely debonded

    L—Matrix crack spacing; Ld—Interface sliding length

    图  8  2D-C/SiC复合材料拉伸试件形状和基本尺寸

    Figure  8.  Shape and basic dimensions of tensile specimen of 2D-C/SiC composites

    R—Radius

    图  9  2D-C/SiC复合材料纵向拉伸应力-应变曲线的试验值与预测值

    Figure  9.  Experimental and predicted longitudinal stress-strain curves of 2D-C/SiC composites

    图  10  2D-C/SiC复合材料横向应变-应力曲线及其预测值

    Figure  10.  Tested and predicted transverse strain-stress curves of 2D-C/SiC composites

    图  11  2D-C/SiC复合材料泊松比演化的试验曲线及其预测值

    Figure  11.  Tested and predicted evolution curves of Poisson's ratio of 2D-C/SiC composites

    图  12  2D-C/SiC复合材料最终裂纹间距和开裂指数对横向应变的影响

    Figure  12.  Effects of ultimate crack spacing and cracking exponent on transverse strain of 2D-C/SiC composites

    图  13  2D-C/SiC复合材料界面滑移应力、开裂指数和最终裂纹间距对泊松比曲线的影响

    Figure  13.  Effects of interface sliding stress, cracking exponent and final crack spacing on Poisson's ratio curves of 2D-C/SiC composites

    表  1  2D-C/SiC复合材料模型基本参数

    Table  1.   Basic parameters of 2D-C/SiC composites model

    ParameterValue
    Longitudinal modulus of fiber $ {E}_{1\mathrm{f}} $/GPa230
    Transverse modulus of fiber $ {E}_{2\mathrm{f}} $/GPa14
    Matrix modulus $ {E}_{\mathrm{m}} $/GPa350
    Fiber volume fraction $ {V}_{\mathrm{f}} $/vol%40
    Matrix volume fraction $ {V}_{\mathrm{m}} $/vol%60
    Fiber volume fraction in bundle $ {V}_{\mathrm{f}\mathrm{b}} $/vol%70
    Matrix volume fraction in bundle $ {V}_{\mathrm{m}\mathrm{b}} $/vol%30
    Axial Poisson's ratio of fiber $ {\nu }_{1\mathrm{f}} $20
    Transverse Poisson's ratio of fiber $ {\nu }_{2\mathrm{f}} $0.07
    Matrix Poisson's ratio $ {\nu }_{\mathrm{m}} $0.2
    CTE of matrix $ {\alpha }_{\mathrm{m}} $/$ {(10}^{-6}\;{\mathrm{K}}^{-1}) $4.6
    Axial CTE of fiber $ {\alpha }_{1\mathrm{f}} $/$ {(10}^{-6}\;{\mathrm{K}}^{-1}) $0
    Transverse CTE of fiber $ {\alpha }_{2\mathrm{f}} $/$ {(10}^{-6}\;{\mathrm{K}}^{-1}) $8.8
    Interface sliding stress $ \tau $/MPa15
    Final crack spacing $ {L}_{\mathrm{u}} $/μm180
    Initial crack spacing $ {L}_{0} $/μm2000
    Reference stress of matrix cracking $ {\sigma }_{\mathrm{R}} $/MPa46
    Minimum cracking stress $ {\sigma }^{*} $/MPa256
    Cracking exponent $ m $2.1
    Note: CTE—Coefficient of thermal expansion.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2D-C/SiC复合材料试件尺寸和拉伸试验结果

    Table  2.   Specimen size and tensile test results of 2D-C/SiC composites

    No.Width
    /mm
    Thickness
    /mm
    Modulus
    /GPa
    Strength
    /MPa
    L1 10.10 3.70 80.29 177.80
    L2 10.12 3.68 99.86 232.20
    L3 10.28 3.64 91.63 218.76
    L4 10.14 3.66 117.42 231.48
    L5 10.16 3.64 112.70 251.36
    L6 10.22 3.62 126.83 256.80
    L7 10.08 3.68 106.10 205.75
    L8 10.12 3.66 91.49 233.00
    Average 103.29 225.89
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-07-06
  • 修回日期:  2022-08-23
  • 录用日期:  2022-09-05
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-09-14
  • 刊出日期:  2023-06-15

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