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有机染料辅助分散氧化石墨烯及其对水泥砂浆强度和耐久性的影响

盛况 杨森 毕俊峰 袁小亚

盛况, 杨森, 毕俊峰, 等. 有机染料辅助分散氧化石墨烯及其对水泥砂浆强度和耐久性的影响[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 39(0): 1-14
引用本文: 盛况, 杨森, 毕俊峰, 等. 有机染料辅助分散氧化石墨烯及其对水泥砂浆强度和耐久性的影响[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 39(0): 1-14
Kuang SHENG, Sen YANG, Junfeng BI, Xiaoya YUAN. Effect of organic dye assisted dispersion of graphene oxide on mechanical properties and durability of cement mortar[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: Kuang SHENG, Sen YANG, Junfeng BI, Xiaoya YUAN. Effect of organic dye assisted dispersion of graphene oxide on mechanical properties and durability of cement mortar[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

有机染料辅助分散氧化石墨烯及其对水泥砂浆强度和耐久性的影响

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(51402030);重庆市基础科学与前沿技术研究专项基金(cstc2017jcyjBX0028);重庆市教育委员会科学技术研究 项目(KJZD-K201800703)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    袁小亚,博士,教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为纳米复合材料、建筑功能材料、高性能水泥混凝土等领域 E-mail:yuanxy@cqjtu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TU528

Effect of organic dye assisted dispersion of graphene oxide on mechanical properties and durability of cement mortar

  • 摘要: 研究了采用有机染料罗丹明B(RhB)辅助聚羧酸减水剂(PCE)分散氧化石墨烯(GO)及其对水泥砂浆强度和耐久性的影响。通过吸光度试验、Zeta电位及AFM表征研究了RhB对GO在饱和氢氧化钙(CH)溶液中的分散性能,结果表明在掺入少量RhB情况下可以大幅度的提升GO在CH溶液中的分散性,且当GO与RhB质量比为1∶2时,GO的分散效果最佳。力学强度测试表明,在RhB的辅助分散下,当GO掺量为水泥质量的0.03%时,28天抗折、抗压强度相较于不掺入RhB的GO砂浆试件提升最大分别为14.78%、33.29%。耐久性试验表明RhB能促进GO在水泥水化产物的模板作用,使结构更为致密,减少受冻融与硫酸盐的侵蚀,耐久性能显著提高。微观测试表明RhB的加入可以促进GO调控水化产物生长的作用,明显减少内部结构孔洞、裂缝等缺陷。本研究提供了一种引入低成本的有机染料来提升GO在水泥孔隙液中的分散性能,具有许多潜在的应用价值。

     

  • 图  1  GO和RhB溶液(a)、RhB水溶液和RhB在Ca2+溶液中的200~800 nm紫外可见光谱图(b)

    Figure  1.  Uv-vis spectra of GO and RhB solutions (a) and RhB aqueous solution and RhB in Ca2+ solution at 200-800 nm (b)

    图  2  RhB对GO在饱和CH溶液中吸光度的影响

    Figure  2.  Effect of RhB on absorbance of GO in saturated CH solution

    图  3  RhB对GO在饱和CH溶液中表面电位的影响

    Figure  3.  Effect of RhB on the Zeta potential of GO in saturated CH solution

    图  4  RhB与GO质量比为2∶1的饱和CH溶液中GO分散的AFM图像

    Figure  4.  AFM image of GO dispersion in saturated CH solution using the 2∶1 mass ratio of RhB to GO

    图  5  RhB对不同掺量GO掺配水泥砂浆3天、28天抗压强度和抗折强度的影响

    Figure  5.  Effect of RhB on 3d and 28d compressive strength and flexural strength of mixed cement mortar with different dosages of GO

    图  6  GO与RhB质量比恒定为1∶2时不同掺量GO掺配水泥砂浆XRD图谱

    Figure  6.  XRD pattern of cement mortar mixed with different amount of GO when the mass ratio of GO to RhB is constant 1∶2

    图  7  不同掺量RhB和GO掺配水泥砂浆SEM图像:(a) Control CM样品;(b)0.06%RhB/CM样品;(c) 0.03%GO/CM样品;(d) 0.03%GO-0.06%RhB/CM样品

    Figure  7.  SEM images of cement mortars mixed with different dosages of RhB and GO:

    (a) Control CM sample; (b) 0.06%RhB/CM sample; (c) 0.03%GO/CM sample; (d) 0.03%GO-0.06%RhB/CM sample.

    图  8  RhB对GO掺配水泥净浆不同龄期的化学结合水含量的影响

    Figure  8.  Effect of RhB on chemical bound water content of GO blended cement paste at different ages

    图  9  RhB对GO不同掺量掺配水泥砂浆冻融循环后

    质量损失率与力学强度损失率的影响

    Figure  9.  Effect of RhB on mass loss rate and mechanical strength loss rate of cement mortar mixed with different GO contents after freeze-thaw cycles

    图  10  不同掺量GO掺配水泥砂浆冻融循环前后的SEM图像:(a) 冻融循环前与;(b) 150次冻融循环后的Control CM试件;(c) 冻融循环前与;(d) 150次冻融循环后的0.03%GO/CM试件;(e) 冻融循环前与;(f) 150次冻融循环后的0.03%GO-0.06%RhB/CM试件

    Figure  10.  SEM images of different cement mortars with different GO contents before and after freeze-thaw cycles: (a) Control CM sample before freeze-thaw cycle and (b) after 150 freeze-thaw cycles;(c) 0.03%GO/CM sample before freeze-thaw cycle and (d) after 150 freeze-thaw cycles;(e) 0.03%GO-0.06%RhB/CM sample before freeze-thaw cycle and (f) after 150 freeze-thaw cycles

    图  11  RhB对GO不同掺量掺配水泥砂浆抗硫酸盐干湿循环后质量损失率与耐腐蚀系数的影响

    Figure  11.  Effect of RhB on mass loss rate and corrosion resistance coefficient of cement mortars mixed with different amount of GO after sulfate dry wet cycles

    图  12  不同掺量GO掺配水泥砂浆抗硫酸盐150次干湿循环后的SEM图像:(a) Control CM试件;(b) 0.03%GO/CM试件;(c) 0.03%GO-0.06%RhB/CM试件

    Figure  12.  SEM images of cement mortars mixed with different amount of GO before and after 150 dry-wet cycles: (a) Control CM sample; (b) 0.03%GO/CM sample; (c) 0.03%GO-0.06%RhB/CM sample

    表  1  水泥化学成分

    Table  1.   Chemical components of cement

    MineralAl2O3SiO2Fe2O3CaOMgOSO3NaOf-CaO
    Content/wt%4.4721.53.3765.843.180.30.490.78
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  水泥砂浆和净浆试件配合比

    Table  2.   Mixture ratio of cement mortar and cement paste

    SampleCement/gWater/mLSand/gGO/%RhB/%PCE/%
    Control CM4501661350000.3
    0.06%RhB/CM450166135000.060.3
    0.03%GO/CM45016613500.0300.3
    0.01%GO-0.02%RhB/CM45016613500.010.020.3
    0.03%GO-0.06%RhB/CM45016613500.030.060.3
    0.05%GO-0.1%RhB/CM45016613500.050.10.3
    Control CP300870000.3
    0.06%RhB/CP30087000.060.3
    0.03%GO/CP3008700.0300.3
    0.01%GO-0.02%RhB/CP3008700.010.020.3
    0.03%GO-0.06%RhB/CP3008700.030.060.3
    0.05%GO-0.1%RhB/CP3008700.050.10.3
    Notes: Content of GO, RhB and PCE is mass ratio to cement; GO—Graphene oxide; RhB—Rhodamine B; PCE—Polycarboxylic acid water reducer.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  GO和RhB混合溶液配比

    Table  3.   Mix solution ratio of GO and RhB

    SampleWater/gPCE/mLGO/mgRhB/mgCH/g
    2.5GO-0RhB123.740.12.500.2
    2.5GO-1.25RhB123.740.12.51.250.2
    2.5GO-2.5RhB123.740.12.52.50.2
    2.5GO-3.75RhB123.740.12.53.750.2
    2.5GO-5RhB123.740.12.550.2
    2.5GO-6.25RhB123.740.12.56.250.2
    Note: CH—Calcium hydroxide.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-11-17
  • 录用日期:  2022-01-05
  • 修回日期:  2022-01-04
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-02-12

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