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多功能MXene-CCNT/聚酰亚胺电磁屏蔽薄膜的制备与性能

储娜 骆春佳 晁敏 杨雪雪 颜录科

储娜, 骆春佳, 晁敏, 等. 多功能MXene-CCNT/聚酰亚胺电磁屏蔽薄膜的制备与性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 42(0): 1-14.
引用本文: 储娜, 骆春佳, 晁敏, 等. 多功能MXene-CCNT/聚酰亚胺电磁屏蔽薄膜的制备与性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 42(0): 1-14.
CHU Na, LUO Chunjia, CHAO Min, et al. Preparation and properties of multifunctional MXene-CCNT/polyimide electromagnetic shielding films[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: CHU Na, LUO Chunjia, CHAO Min, et al. Preparation and properties of multifunctional MXene-CCNT/polyimide electromagnetic shielding films[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

多功能MXene-CCNT/聚酰亚胺电磁屏蔽薄膜的制备与性能

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金 (22005039);陕西省重点研发计划(2022GY-403);陕西省创新能力支撑计划(2023-CX-TD-43);长安大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(300102312403和300102313208)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    晁敏,副教授,博士,研究方向为树脂基复合材料和先进纳米功能材料的设计与制备, E-mail: chaominchd@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TB34;TB332

Preparation and properties of multifunctional MXene-CCNT/polyimide electromagnetic shielding films

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.22005039); Shaanxi Key Research & Development Project (No. 2022GY-403), Innovation Capability Support Program of Shaanxi (No. 2023-CX-TD-43), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, CHD (Nos. 300102312403 and 300102313208)
  • 摘要: 导电聚合物复合材料(CPC)因其耐腐蚀性好、比强度高、成本低和易加工等良好的综合性能,被广泛用于制备电磁屏蔽材料。本文采用简单的刮膜法和热酰亚胺化法制备了综合性能良好的MXene-羧基化碳纳米管(CCNT)/聚酰亚胺(MXene-CCNT/PI)复合薄膜。MXene和CCNT协同作用构筑了良好的导电网络,赋予薄膜高效的电磁屏蔽效能(EMI SE),当MXene和CCNT含量均为12.5wt%,膜厚度为80 μm时,电导率和EMI SE分别为5.88 S/cm和26.49 dB,电磁屏蔽效能与厚度的比值(EMI SE/t)为331.13 dB/mm。并且在极端恶劣环境下(酸-碱处理、高低温处理和重复弯曲)显示出持久而稳定的EMI SE。与此同时,MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜仍具有53.17 MPa的拉伸强度、优异的热稳定性(>500 ℃)和阻燃性能。实现了聚合物基电磁屏蔽复合材料的便捷、高效制备,同时兼顾其优异的力学性能和耐热性能。

     

  • 图  1  MXene (a) 和MXene-CCNT/PI (b) 薄膜的制备过程示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of preparation process of MXene (a) and MXene-CCNT/PI films (b)

    图  2  MAX相(a)和MXene(b)的SEM图像, MAX相和MXene的XRD图谱(c)

    Figure  2.  SEM images of MAX (a) and MXene (b), XRD patterns of MAX and MXene (c)

    图  3  MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜的FTIR图谱(a)和XRD图谱(b)。25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜的TEM图(c)和相应的EDS图(d)

    Figure  3.  FTIR patterns (a) and XRD patterns (b) of MXene-CCNT/PI films. TEM image of 25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI film (c) and corresponding EDS image (d)

    图  4  MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜的力学性能表征,拉伸强度和断裂伸长率(a),将薄膜弯折成任意形状的照片(b)

    Figure  4.  Characterization of mechanical properties of MXene-CCNT/PI films, Tensile strength and elongation at break (a), photographs of films bent into arbitrary shapes (b)

    图  5  PI薄膜(a),5wt%MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜(b),10wt%MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜(c),15wt%MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜(d),20wt%MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜(e),25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜(f)经拉断后的截面SEM图

    Figure  5.  SEM image of cross-section of PI film (a), 5wt%MXene-CCNT/PI film (b), 10wt%MXene-CCNT/PI film (c), 15wt%MXene-CCNT/PI film (d), 20wt%MXene-CCNT/PI film (e), 25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI film (f) after pull-off

    图  6  MXene-CCNT/PI膜的电导率曲线图(a),5wt%MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜连接在电路两端(b),10wt%MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜连接在电路两端(c),15wt%MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜连接在电路两端(d),20wt%MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜连接在电路两端(e),25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜连接在电路两端(f)灯泡亮度示意图

    Figure  6.  Electrical conductivity of MXene-CCNT/PI films (a), 5wt%MXene-CCNT/PI film (b), 10wt%MXene-CCNT/PI film (c), 15wt%MXene-CCNT/PI film (d), 20wt%MXene-CCNT/PI film (e), 25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI film connected to the circuit at both ends of the light bulb (f) brightness schematic diagram

    图  7  MXene-CCNT/PI膜在X波段的EMI SET(a),EMI SER(b)和EMI SEA(c),MXene-CCNT/PI膜的平均SET、SEA和SER(d),MXene-CCNT/PI膜的T−R−A系数(e),SE/t与先前报告比较(f)

    Figure  7.  EMI SET (a) EMI SER(b) and EMI SEA (c) of MXene-CCNT/PI films in X-band, Average SET, SEA and SER of MXene-CCNT/PI films (d), T-R-A coefficients of MXene-CCNT/PI films (e), Comparison of SE/t with previous reports (f)

    图  8  25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜在HCl中浸泡12 h (a),在碱液中浸泡12 h (b),重复弯曲100次(c),在300℃下处理2 h (d),在液氮中浸泡2 h (e),以及在液氮(−196℃)中浸泡2 h后在300℃下处理2 h前后的EMI SE (f)

    Figure  8.  EMI SE of 25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI films before and after immersion in HCl for 12 h (a), immersion in lye for 12 h (b), repetitive bending for 100 times (c), treatment at 300℃ for 2 h (d), immersion in liquid nitrogen (−196℃) for 2 h (e), and treatment at 300℃ for 2 h after 2 h in liquid nitrogen (-196℃) (f)

    图  9  25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜在不同环境中处理前后的平均SET (a),MXene-CCNT/PI膜中电磁微波耗散示意图(b)

    Figure  9.  Average SET of 25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI film before and after treatment in different environments (a), Schematic diagram of electromagnetic microwave dissipation in MXene-CCNT/PI films (b)

    图  10  MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜在氮气气氛中的TG曲线

    Figure  10.  TG curves of MXene-CCNT/PI films in nitrogen atmosphere

    图  11  MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜的阻燃性,PI薄膜(a),5wt%MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜(b)和25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜在火焰上燃烧(c)

    Figure  11.  Flame retardancy of MXene-CCNT/PI films, PI film (a), 5wt%MXene-CCNT/PI film (b) and 25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI film burning on flame (c)

    表  1  MXene-羧基化碳纳米管/聚酰亚胺(MXene-CCNT/PI)薄膜各组分的比例

    Table  1.   Proportions of components in MXene-carboxylated carbon nanotube/polyimide (MXene-CCNT/PI) Films

    Sample nameODA/gPMDA/gMXene/gCCNT/gDMAc/g
    PI2.272.530043.20
    5wt%MXene-CCNT/PI2.272.530.13(2.5wt%)0.13(2.5wt%)45.47
    10wt%MXene-CCNT/PI2.272.530.27(5.0wt%)0.27(5.0wt%)48.00
    15wt%MXene-CCNT/PI2.272.530.42(7.5wt%)0.42(7.5wt%)50.82
    20wt%MXene-CCNT/PI2.272.530.60(10.0wt%)0.60(10.0wt%)54.00
    25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI2.272.530.80(12.5wt%)0.80(12.5wt%)57.60
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜的拉伸强度和断裂伸长率

    Table  2.   Tensile strength and elongation at break of MXene-CCNT/PI films

    Sample name Average tensile strength/MPa Average elongation
    at break/%
    PI 121.18 25.95
    5wt%MXene-CCNT/PI 119.27 14.75
    10wt%MXene-CCNT/PI 92.69 5.91
    15wt%MXene-CCNT/PI 65.87 3.31
    20wt%MXene-CCNT/PI 64.06 2.20
    25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI 53.17 2.03
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  MXene-CCNT/PI膜的EMI SE/t与以往报道文献对比

    Table  3.   EMI SE/t of MXene-CCNT/PI films compared with previously reported literature

    Polymer Conductive filler Filler content Thicknesses/mm EMI SE/dB SE/t/(dB·mm−1) Ref.
    PIF MXene 49.1wt% 0.26 49.90 87.40 [7]
    PI CB 40wt% 1.00 35.00 35.00 [33]
    PI MXene 25wt% 0.14 29.12 208.00 [34]
    ANF MWCNTs 80wt% 0.30 41.70 139.00 [35]
    WPU Ti3C2Tx 7 wt % 0.50 50.00 100.00 [36]
    ANF Ti3C2Tx 21wt% 1.90 56.80 29.89 [37]
    Epoxy Graphene 19.5 vol% 1.00 65.00 65.00 [38]
    CNF MXene 17wt% 2.00 74.56 37.28 [39]
    PCL MWCNT 15wt% 0.50 61.50 123.00 [40]
    Epoxy GNP /CNT 1:1 0.25 35.00 140 [41]
    PVDF CNT:ZnONW 5.0:2.5wt% 1.10 41.00 37.27 [42]
    - Vertical graphene/SiC - 1.50 38.00 25.33 [43]
    - Fe3O4/MWCNT/SiO2 - 0.60 40.00 66.67 [44]
    - MXene/CNT - 3.00 103.90 34.63 [45]
    PI MXene-CNT 12.5/12.5wt% 0.08 26.49 331.10 本文
    Notes: polyimide fiber (PIF); aramid nanofibers (ANF); waterborne polyurethane (WPU); cellulose nanofibrils (CNF); Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL); polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  MXene-CCNT/PI膜的热性能

    Table  4.   Thermal properties of MXene-CCNT/PI films

    Sample name T5%/℃ T10/℃ RW/%
    PI 532 570 52
    5wt%MXene-CCNT/PI 540 564 61
    10wt%MXene-CCNT/PI 523 558 63
    15wt%MXene-CCNT/PI 540 566 61
    20wt%MXene-CCNT/PI 519 564 63
    25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI 531 571 68
    MXene - - 96
    CCNT 635 - 91
    Notes: T5% and T10% are the temperatures corresponding to the first 5% weight loss and the first 10% weight loss; RW is the final carbon residue.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  MXene-CCNT/PI薄膜的LOI

    Table  5.   LOI values of MXene-CCNT/PI films

    Sample name LOI/%
    PI 42
    5wt%MXene-CCNT/PI 44
    25wt%MXene-CCNT/PI 47
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-10-11
  • 修回日期:  2023-11-20
  • 录用日期:  2023-12-07
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-12-20

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