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超双疏表面的制备及应用进展

周学湫 汪希奎 覃冰黎 罗鸿 韦函 梅益

周学湫, 汪希奎, 覃冰黎, 等. 超双疏表面的制备及应用进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 42(0): 1-18.
引用本文: 周学湫, 汪希奎, 覃冰黎, 等. 超双疏表面的制备及应用进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 42(0): 1-18.
ZHOU Xueqiu, WANG Xikui, QIN Bingli, et al. Progress in the preparation and application of superamphiphobic surface[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: ZHOU Xueqiu, WANG Xikui, QIN Bingli, et al. Progress in the preparation and application of superamphiphobic surface[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

超双疏表面的制备及应用进展

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金青年项目(52205304); 贵州大学自然科学专项(特岗)项目((2023)25);黔科合中引地([2023]010)贵州省科技创新基地建设项目《山地智能农业装备重点实验室建设》。
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    汪希奎,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为仿生微纳米表面与结构设计,Email: xkwang@gzu.edu.cn

    梅益,博士,教授,主要研究方向为智能制造工艺及设备,Email: mei_yi@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TQ638;TB332

Progress in the preparation and application of superamphiphobic surface

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 52205304); The Natural Science Special Program of Guizhou University for Special Post (Grant No. (2023) 25); Guizhou Science and Technology Innovation Base Construction project (Grant No.[2023]010).
  • 摘要: 自然界中的超疏水/超疏油现象吸引了表界面科学、微纳制造以及纳米涂层等多学科领域研究者的广泛关注,在人们的生产生活中展现出了巨大的应用前景。本文聚焦于具有微纳粗糙结构的超双疏表面发展现状,从基本润湿性理论出发,介绍了超双疏表面微观粗糙结构的主要类型和降低表面能的原理,探讨了表面微观粗糙结构和化学改性与润湿性之间的关系,并归纳了制备超双疏表面的主要方法。最后,总结了超双疏表面的主要应用现状,分析了超双疏表面目前存在的不足和缺陷,并对其未来的发展方向进行了展望。

     

  • 图  1  润湿性理论:(a)基于杨氏模型理论的接触角和滑动角;(b) 超疏水表面与超双疏表面 (c)接触角滞后;(d) 杨氏模型示意图;Wenzel模型,Cassie-Baxter模型;混合模型;(e) 光滑液体注入多孔表面

    Figure  1.  Wettability theory: (a) Contact Angle and Slip Angle base on Young Model. (b) Air-mediated superhydrophobic surface (SHPS) or superamphiphobic surface (SAPS). (c) Contact angle hysteresis. (d) Schematic diagram of Wenzel model, Cassie-Baxter model and Mixed model. (e) Slippery lubricant-infused porous surface

    图  2  多孔结构表面微观形貌:(a)液体火焰喷涂表面的SEM图像[60];(b)多孔表面的SEM图像[61];(c)经过拉伸后压缩微结构的重新排列过程[62]

    Figure  2.  The surface microstructure of porous structure: (a) Images show a rearranging process of the compacted microstructures after stretching[62]. (b) SEM images of liquid flame spray surfaces[60]. (c) SEM images of a porous surface[61].

    图  3  六种类型的凹角结构示意图:(a) 微柱结构示意图;(b) 倒梯形结构示意图;(c) T形凹角结构示意图;(d) T-型折边凹角结构示意图;(e) T-型凸边凹角结构示意图;(f) 双凹角结构蘑菇形结构示意图

    Figure  3.  Six types of re-entrant structure diagram: (a) Schematic diagram of micro-pillar structure; (b) Schematic diagram of Inverse-trapezoidal structure; (c) Schematic diagram of T-Shape re-entrant structure; (d) Schematic diagram of T-Shape with folding edge re-entrant structure; (e) Schematic diagram of T-Shape with convex edge re-entrant structure; (f) Schematic diagram of double re-entrant structure

    图  4  凹角结构和层次结构的表面微观形貌:(a) 涂层表面微柱状结构的SEM图像[75];(b) 涂层表面的蘑菇双凹角结构横向SEM图像[68];(c) 涂层表面悬垂结构的SEM图像[76];(d) 三凹角结构示意图及SEM图像[69];(e) 利用激光制备的周期微锥与堆叠的致密纳米颗粒[40];(f)微-纳复合的层次结构[77]

    Figure  4.  The surface microstructure of the concave structure and the hierarchical structure: (a) SEM image of the coating surface as a micropillars structure with no Re-entrant structure, and; [75] with permission Copyright 2022 Springer Nature; (b) Lateral SEM image of the coating surface[68]; (c) SEM image of the coating surface as a overhang structure [76]; (d) Schematic diagram of triply reentrant structures[69]; (e) Periodical microcones with dense nanoparticles prepared by laser [40]; (f) Micro - nano composite hierarchy [77]

    图  5  喷涂法制备的超双疏涂层:(a) 可拉伸超双疏表面上纳米丝结构和分层微/纳米结构的制造工艺示意图[62];(b) 通过喷涂技术制备涂层的示意图[103]

    Figure  5.  Superamphiphobic coating prepared by spraying method: (a) Schematic of the fabrication process of the nanofilament-structured and hierarchical micro/nanostructure on s-stretchable superamphiphobic surface[62]; (b) Schematic illustration for the preparation of the coatings by the spraying technique[103]

    图  6  基于超双疏表面的防腐蚀策略:(a) 表面保护过程示意图[130];(b) AZ31 B Mg基双功能涂层的防腐机制[131]

    Figure  6.  Anti-corrosion strategies based on superamphiphobic surfaces: (a) Schematic illustration of the process of surface protection[130]. (b) Anticorrosion mechanisms of the prepared dual-functional coating for AZ31 B Mg substrate[131].

    图  7  自清洁与抗污的应用:(a) 太阳能板上的灰尘堆积现象[136];(b) 对比ZnO粉末喷涂前后(左)和PFDTS改性ChNFs涂层在玻璃玻片上指纹的时间变化[140];(c) 涂层的指纹图谱时间变化对比[140];(d) Zn涂层的抗黏附过程示意图[155];(e) 未涂覆和涂覆PES-PVDF-HFP/Pal@SiO2涂层的Al板抗蜡试验照片[26]

    Figure  7.  (a) The dust accumulation on Solar panel[136]. (b) Comparison of the fingerprints on glass slide before (left) and after (right) sprinkling ZnO powder and the ChNFs coating modified with PFDTS deposition for time change[140]. (c) Comparison of time change of coating fingerprint[140]. (d) Schematic diagram of anti-adhesion process of Zn coating [155]. (e) The photographs of anti-waxing tests on Al sheet uncoated and coated with P-P/Pal@SiO2-F coating [26]

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