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保湿抗冻型导电水凝胶在柔性电子方面的研究进展

王亚芳 姚安荣 陈方春 兰建武 林绍建

王亚芳, 姚安荣, 陈方春, 等. 保湿抗冻型导电水凝胶在柔性电子方面的研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 42(0): 1-14.
引用本文: 王亚芳, 姚安荣, 陈方春, 等. 保湿抗冻型导电水凝胶在柔性电子方面的研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 42(0): 1-14.
WANG Yafang, YAO Anrong, CHEN Fangchun, et al. Research progress on moisturizing and anti-freezing conductive hydrogels in flexible electronics[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: WANG Yafang, YAO Anrong, CHEN Fangchun, et al. Research progress on moisturizing and anti-freezing conductive hydrogels in flexible electronics[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

保湿抗冻型导电水凝胶在柔性电子方面的研究进展

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(No.52003171);四川省自然科学基金(No.2024NSFSC0259);四川大学-泸州市人民政府战略合作专项资金项目 (No.2023CDLZ-3)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    林绍建,博士,副研究员,硕士生导师,研究方向为柔性传感器的制备及应用 E-mail: sjlin@.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB34; TB332

Research progress on moisturizing and anti-freezing conductive hydrogels in flexible electronics

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 52003171); Natural Science Foundation of Sichuan Province (No.2024NSFSC0259) ); the Science and Technology Cooperation Project between Sichuan University and Luzhou City (No: 2023CDLZ-3)
  • 摘要: 近年来,柔性电子材料得到了快速的发展,其中导电水凝胶由于其突出的导电性、柔韧性、亲肤性等已被广泛的应用于该领域。然而,类似于传统的水凝胶,大多数导电水凝胶在极端环境下仍面临应用受限的瓶颈问题。因此,许多学者对水凝胶的保湿/抗冻行为进行了研究,并设计制备了一系列保湿抗冻导电水凝胶。本文对近年来保湿抗冻导电水凝胶的制备策略进行了总结及归类,详细阐述其提升水凝胶温度适应性的潜在机制;重点对耐候型水凝胶在柔性电子领域的应用进行了综述,包括运动感知、健康监测、智能识别与人机交互等;并且对保湿抗冻导电水凝胶面临的机遇和挑战进行了探讨和展望,旨在为新型保湿抗冻导电水凝胶的构筑提供新的思路,可望开发出综合性能优异的导电水凝胶,进一步推动其在柔性电子领域中的实际应用。

     

  • 图  1  保湿抗冻水凝胶的设计策略及其应用

    Figure  1.  Design strategy and application of moisturizing and anti-freezing hydrogels.

    图  2  (a)溶剂置换制备丙烯酰胺杂化离子共价水凝胶[19];(b)胶束水凝胶的制备过程及其环境稳定性[20]

    Figure  2.  (a) Schematic diagram of the preparation of the SPOH from SPH by solvent displacement[19]. (b) Preparation and environmental stability of the organogels[20].

    图  3  (a) P(AM-co-AA)/海藻糖/LiCl水凝胶的合成过程[25];(b) CMC/PAA/Fe3+/LiCl水凝胶的设计策略[26]

    Figure  3.  (a) Preparation procedure of P(AM-co-AA)/ Trehalose/LiCl hydrogels[25]. (b) Designing strategy of CMC/PAA/Fe3+/LiCl hydrogel[26].

    图  4  (a) 双网络离子水凝胶示意图[33]; (b) IL/PEDOT:PSS-PAMPS的双网络-高导电柔性离子凝胶[34]

    Figure  4.  (a) Schematic illustration of the ionic hydrogels[33]. (b) Design of highly electrically conductive flexible ionic gel derived from IL/PEDOT:PSS-PAMPS[34].

    图  5  (a) PNVBA水凝胶的设计与合成机制[36];(b) PHEA/ZP水凝胶的形成示意图[37]

    Figure  5.  (a) Design and synthesis mechanism of the PNVBA hydrogel[36]. (b) Schematic diagram illustrating the formation of PHEA/ZP hydrogels[37].

    图  6  (a) 基于SPGL水凝胶的应变传感器示意图和通过电路板实时监测人类颈椎运动[38];(b) PCOBE-TENG的“三明治”结构示意图及其在单电极模式下的工作机制[48]

    Figure  6.  (a) Schematic diagram of the SPGL hydrogel-based strain sensor and real-time monitoring of human head bowing movement through the circuit board[38]. (b) The schematic diagram of the “sandwich” structure of PCOBE-TENG and its working mechanism in single-electrode mode[48].

    图  7  (a) 传感器附在人手腕上用于监测脉搏[49];(b) 水凝胶电极收集的ECG信号相应放大信号[50]

    Figure  7.  (a) The sensor attached to the human wrist for monitoring the radial artery pulse[49]. (b) ECG signals and the corresponding magnified signals collected by organohydrogel electrodes[50].

    图  8  (a) 2×2传感器阵列和施加到应变传感器阵列的不同权重的变化分布[51];(b)“温度死区”与温度的实时检测[53]

    Figure  8.  (a) Illustration of a flexible 2×2 PCH-Li3-G30 array device and its pressure detection and temperature detection[51]. (b) “Temperature dead zone” and real-time monitoring of environmental temperature[53].

    图  9  (a) PBAPE电子皮肤智能手套手语与多种手势相结合的照片[54];(b) 二维多功能人机界面进行检测及其应用[55]

    Figure  9.  (a) Photos of sign languages combined with multiple gestures and the signal curves corresponding to the five fingers collected by PBAPE e-skin smart glove[54]. (b) Detection using a two-dimensional multifunctional human–machine interface (2D-MHMI) and its application[55].

    图  10  (a) SPOH光纤在激光传输中的应用[19];(b) PVA/LNP水凝胶在100元人民币表面紫外线敏感荧光区的透明度和紫外线屏蔽能力[58];(c) 有机水凝胶实现重复的信息记录和擦除[59]

    Figure  10.  (a) Application of SPOH fibers in laser transmission[19]. (b) UV-shielding capabilities of PVA/LNP hydrogels on the UV-sensitive fluorescent area of the 100-yuan CNY surface[58]. (c) Photographs showing the organohydrogel can achieve repeated information recording and erasing[59].

    表  1  各种水凝胶的保湿抗冻性能比较

    Table  1.   Comprehensive performance comparison of various moisturizing and antifreezing hydrogels

    Conductive hydrogel Agent Moisturizing ability Anti-freezing ability References
    (PAAm)-F127DA Glycerol 60% (60℃, 34Days) −40℃ [20]
    CDPAP 1,3-propanediol ~80% (25℃, 20Days) −60℃ [40]
    PAA-CS-G/Gly Glycerol 80% (37℃, 15Days) −45℃ [41]
    PAM/carrageenan LiBr 87% (25℃, 4Days) −78.5℃ [42]
    P(AM-co-AA) LiCl 83.8% (50℃, 10 h) −20℃ [25]
    P(AA-co-DMAPS)/Al3+ Ionic liquid 97.2%(20℃, 60Days) −80℃ [33]
    P@P composite ionogel Ionic liquid 120℃ −58℃ [34]
    HPE-LiCl Ethylene glycol/LiCl 87% (25℃, 30Days)
    79% (80℃, 100 h)
    −40℃ [38]
    PGN Glycerol/CaCl2 90% (28℃, 12Days) −20℃ [43]
    PHA/Agar/EG Ethylene glycol/NaCl 89% (25℃, 12Days) −40℃ [44]
    P(PEG-co-AA)/PANI Glycerol/PEG ~90% (20℃, 7Days)
    ~85% (40℃, 7Days)
    ~80% (80℃, 7Days)
    −28℃ [45]
    P(SBMA-co-AA) LiCl/zwitterionic polymer 100% (25℃, 7Days) −80°C [46]
    Notes: PAAm (PAM)-Polyacrylamide; F127DA-Pluronic F127Diacrylate; PAA-Poly(acrylic acid); CS-Chitosan; Gly-Glycerol; DMAPS-[2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl] dimethyl-(3 sulfopropyl)ammonium hydroxide; PHA-poly(N-hydroxymethyl acrylamide); PEG-poly (ethylene glycol) methacrylate; PANI-Polyaniline; SBMA-Sulfobetaine methacrylate.
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2024-03-01
  • 修回日期:  2024-05-06
  • 录用日期:  2024-06-04
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-06-22

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