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水系镁离子电池研究进展

涂天成 李龙燕 代启航

涂天成, 李龙燕, 代启航. 水系镁离子电池研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(7): 3756-3770. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20221206.001
引用本文: 涂天成, 李龙燕, 代启航. 水系镁离子电池研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(7): 3756-3770. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20221206.001
TU Tiancheng, LI Longyan, DAI Qihang. Research progress of aqueous magnesium ion battery[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(7): 3756-3770. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20221206.001
Citation: TU Tiancheng, LI Longyan, DAI Qihang. Research progress of aqueous magnesium ion battery[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(7): 3756-3770. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20221206.001

水系镁离子电池研究进展

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20221206.001
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(21905139)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    李龙燕,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为储能、动力电池体系材料研究、电化学、功能性纳米材料、废旧动力电池资源化利用 E-mail: lilongyan@nuist.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ152;TB331

Research progress of aqueous magnesium ion battery

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (21905139)
  • 摘要: 水系镁离子电池作为一种新兴的储能体系具有低成本、原料来源充足、高理论储能能力等优势。但水系电解液和镁自身带来的问题都极大地限制了水系镁离子电池的进一步发展。本文主要从水系电解液的阴离子类型、浓度和电解液添加剂三方面阐述对电池性能的影响,并介绍了一些电极材料的研究,包括新材料和新理论,最后总结了一些高效表征分析方法。

     

  • 图  1  水系镁离子电池发展中遇到的问题

    Figure  1.  Problems encountered in the development of the aqueous magnesium ion battery

    图  2  PNTAQ在MgCl2电解液中的循环性能 (a) 和离子迁移示意图 (b)[29]

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of cycling performance (a) and ion migration (b) of PNTAQ in MgCl2 electrolyte [29]

    图  3  阴离子类型与电解液凝固点(a)、氢键强度(b)的关系[31]

    Figure  3.  Relationship between the anion type and the freezing point (a), the hydrogen bond strength (b) of electrolyte[31]

    T—Temperature; t—Time

    图  4  水包盐和盐包水溶剂化分子的区别(a)和盐包水电解液对电化学稳定窗口的扩大(b)[33]

    Figure  4.  Solvation molecule difference between salt-in-water and water-in-salt (a) and the expansion of electrochemical stability window by water-in-salt electrolyte (b)[33]

    TFSI—Bis(trifluoromethane sulfonimide); i—Current difference

    图  5  电化学转化法制备的MgMn2O4及其电化学性能[55]:(a) MgMn2O4材料的恒流充放电测试(GCD);(b) MgMn2O4材料的循环性能;(c) 循环伏安(CV)曲线;(d) MgMn2O4材料的SEM图像;(e) MgMn2O4材料的TEM图像

    Figure  5.  MgMn2O4 prepared by electrochemical conversion method and its electrochemical performance[55]: (a) Galvanostatic charge-discharge (GCD) test of MgMn2O4 material; (b) Cyclic performance of MgMn2O4 material; (c) Cyclic voltammetry (CV) curves; (d) SEM image of MgMn2O4 material; (e) TEM image of MgMn2O4 material

    图  6  腐蚀与自腐蚀过程[16]

    Figure  6.  Corrosion and self-corrosion process[16]

    I—Electric current

    图  7  不同镁合金块效应对比[16]

    Figure  7.  Comparison of chunk effect of different magnesium alloys[16]

    3.4-DHB—3, 4-dihydroxybenzoic acid; ZE41, WE43, AM50—Different types of magnesium alloys

    图  8  聚酰亚胺基材料负极的电化学性能 (a) 和电化学反应过程 (b)[65]

    Figure  8.  Electrochemical performance (a) and electrochemical reaction process (b) of polyimide based material cathode[65]

    ip—Measured current; a, b—Variable parameters; v—Voltage sweep rate; P—Polyimide

    图  9  原位表征下有无保护层的对比[77]:(a) 无保护层;(b) 有保护层

    Figure  9.  Comparison between the presence and absence of protective layer under in-situ characterization[77]: (a) No protective layer; (b) With protective layer

    图  10  利用电化学原子力显微镜技术(EC-AFM)原位观测双三氟甲基磺酰亚胺锂(LiTFSI)水电解质存在下的固体电解质界面(SEI)层[81]

    Figure  10.  In-situ observation of solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer in the presence of lithium bis(trifluoromethane sulfonyl) imide (LiTFSI)-water electrolyte by electrochemical-controlled atomic force microscopy (EC-AFM)[81]

    OCP—Open circuit potential

    表  1  水系电解液主要研究方向

    Table  1.   Main research directions of aqueous electrolyte

    Research directionSpecific researchRef.
    Anion typeCl as the main anion[26-29]
    Kosmotropic anion as the main anion, e.g., SO42−[30-32]
    Chaotropic anion as the main anion, e.g., NO3[19]
    Electrolyte concentration“Water-in-salt” electrolyte[33-35]
    Hydrated eutectic electrolyte system[19]
    Hydrate melts, water in water ionomers, molecular crowding, etc.[36-40]
    Mixed cationMg/Na, Mg/Zn, etc.[29, 41-42]
    Electrolyte additiveImprove battery performance or alleviate various problems caused by electrolyte[43-44]
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-10-12
  • 修回日期:  2022-11-14
  • 录用日期:  2022-11-30
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-12-06
  • 刊出日期:  2023-07-15

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