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超疏水柔性应变传感器在人体运动监测中的研究进展

罗灵欢 林祥德 姜佳怡 应娜 曾冬冬

罗灵欢, 林祥德, 姜佳怡, 等. 超疏水柔性应变传感器在人体运动监测中的研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(7): 3837-3851. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230222.001
引用本文: 罗灵欢, 林祥德, 姜佳怡, 等. 超疏水柔性应变传感器在人体运动监测中的研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(7): 3837-3851. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230222.001
LUO Linghuan, LIN Xiangde, JIANG Jiayi, et al. Research progress of superhydrophobic flexible strain sensors in human motion monitoring[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(7): 3837-3851. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230222.001
Citation: LUO Linghuan, LIN Xiangde, JIANG Jiayi, et al. Research progress of superhydrophobic flexible strain sensors in human motion monitoring[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(7): 3837-3851. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230222.001

超疏水柔性应变传感器在人体运动监测中的研究进展

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230222.001
基金项目: 上海市自然科学基金(19ZR1474300);上海健康医学院科研骨干校外导师制(2021-4);同济大学访问学者资助项目(2022)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    曾冬冬,博士,副研究员,硕士生导师,研究方向为DNA纳米技术、纳米材料、生物传感器 E-mail: zengdd@sumhs.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB332;TN04

Research progress of superhydrophobic flexible strain sensors in human motion monitoring

Funds: Shanghai Natural Science Foundation (19ZR1474300); External Mentorship for Research Cadre of Shanghai University of Medical and Health Sciences (2021-4); Visiting Scholar in Tongji University (2022)
  • 摘要: 柔性应变传感器是一种将外界应力变化转变为电信号的设备,它克服了传统刚性传感器硬度大、人体适应性差等缺点,作为一种可穿戴设备在人体运动监测领域有很大发展前景。但在恶劣条件或极端环境下使用仍然存在信号输出失真、易被腐蚀等风险。超疏水柔性应变传感器将超疏水涂层的拒水、表面自清洁、防腐抗污与柔性应变传感器的高延展性、高灵敏度等优势相结合,增强了传感器的性能并拓宽了在人体运动监测等方面的应用。本文综述了超疏水柔性应变传感器的基本性能参数、常用的构建材料与构建方法及其在人体运动监测中的功能与应用,并对该领域做出展望。

     

  • 图  1  超疏水柔性应变传感器在人体运动监测中的研究进展

    Figure  1.  Research progress of superhydrophobic flexible strain sensors in human motion monitoring

    图  2  (a) 聚二甲基硅氧烷 (PDMS)多氟化策略示意图[33];(b) 以芦苇叶为模板的超疏水柔性应变传感器制备示意图[34];(c) 可拉伸和超疏水PDMS/碳纳米管(CNTs)复合应变传感器的制备示意图[35]

    Figure  2.  (a) Illustration of the multi-fluorination strategy on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)[33]; (b) Schematic diagram of superhydrophobic flexible strain sensor using reed leaf as template[34]; (c) Schematic diagram of the fabrication process of the stretchable and superhydrophobic PDMS/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composite strain sensor[35]

    WCA—Water contact angle; SSMF—Superhydrophobic shape memory film; AgNWs—Ag nanowires; PCL—Polycaprolactone; PU—Polyurethane; PMMA—Polymethyl methacrylate; PET—Polyethylene terephthalate

    图  3  (a) 水滴落在超疏水荷叶上的光学图片及超疏水荷叶表面乳突状结构的SEM图像[36];(b) 荷叶表面的超疏水原理示意图[9]

    Figure  3.  (a) Optical picture of water drops falling on a superhydrophobic lotus leaf and SEM image of the papillae structure of the superhydrophobic lotus leaf[36]; (b) Schematic diagram of the superhydrophobic principle of the lotus leaf[9]

    图  5  超疏水柔性应变传感器的自清洁性能:(a) 水滴在rGO/PPy/PDMS/PU海绵传感器表面和内部的照片以及牛奶、咖啡、茶和pH值为1、13的常见液体滴在传感器表面的照片[75];(b) 利用水轻松去除无纺布基超疏水柔性应变传感器表面的天然土壤和色素[76]

    Figure  5.  Self-cleaning performance of the superhydrophobic flexible strain sensor: (a) Photographs of water drops on the surface and inside of the rGO/PPy/PDMS/PU sponge sensor as well as milk, coffee, tea, and common liquids with pH=1 and 13 on the sensor surface[75]; (b) Easy removal of natural soil and pigments from the surface of the nonwoven-based superhydrophobic flexible strain sensor using water[76]

    图  6  FAMG超疏水柔性应变传感器在抗菌中的应用[78]:(a) FAMG传感器的制备示意图;(b) Ag离子加入前后传感器的抗细菌粘附实验(I:初始状态;II:结束状态;III:细菌粘附在表面的SEM图像);(c) FAMG传感器抗细菌粘附原理示意图

    Figure  6.  Application of FAMG superhydrophobic flexible strain sensors in anti-bacterial applications[78]: (a) Schematic diagram of the FAMG sensor; (b) Anti-bacterial adhesion experiments of the sensor before and after Ag ion addition (I: Initial state; II: End state; III: SEM images of bacteria adhering to the surface); (c) Schematic diagram of the anti-bacterial adhesion principle of the FAMG sensor

    APTES—Aminopropyltriethoxysilane; ε—Strain

    图  7  超疏水柔性应变传感器在人体运动监测中的应用:(a) 实时监测心电信号[76];(b) 监测各种泳姿的电信号(LA、RA、LL、RL分别代表左臂、右臂、左腿、右腿)[86];(c) 利用手指弯曲在水下产生连续莫尔斯电码SOS[85];(d) 远程控制电灯开关及PowerPoint演示[34]

    Figure  7.  Applications of superhydrophobic flexible strain sensors in human motion monitoring: (a) Real-time monitoring of ECG signals[76]; (b) Monitoring of electrical signals for various swimming positions (LA, RA, LL, RL represent left arm, right arm, left leg, and right leg, respectively)[86]; (c) Generate continuous Morse code SOS underwater using finger flexion[85]; (d) Remote control of light switches as well as PowerPoint presentations[34]

    ECG—Electrocardiogram; ΔR—Value of resistance change; R0—Initial resistance value

    表  1  不同类型导电材料的优劣势特点

    Table  1.   Advantages and disadvantages of different types of conductive materials

    Conductive materialsAdvantagesDisadvantagesRef.
    Carbon based materialsChemical and thermal stability, good mechanical properties, easy functionalizationPoor durability and transparency[40-41, 44]
    Metal nanomaterialsBetter electrical conductivity, suitable for complex structuresPoor adhesion, easy oxidation[41, 45-46]
    Conductive polymersEasy to synthesize, low priceShort lifespan[43, 47]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同构建方法制备的超疏水柔性应变传感器性能总结

    Table  2.   Performance summary of superhydrophobic flexible strain sensor prepared by different construction methods

    Construction methodsConstruction materialsCA/(°)Max GFWork scope/%Cycle stability/
    time
    Response timeRef.
    Material composition
    Dip coating Sponges/CNTs 153 1.14 0-175 2400 0.4 s [24]
    Dip coating PU/SiO2/G 152.3 5.9 0-120 600 [38]
    Spraying Paper/AgNPs/SiO2/
    MWCNTs
    164 263.34 12000 78 ms [11]
    Spraying MWCNTs/TPE 162 80 0-76 5000 8 ms [26]
    LBL MXene/AgNWs 152.5 5 s [55]
    Dissolution and recuring G/TPU 158 14.14 [54]
    Pattern transferring
    FsLDW rGO/PDMS 162 8699 0-1 10000 107 μs [59]
    Laser direct writ-
    ing technology
    SR/MWCNTs/LIG 155 667 0-230 2500 [63]
    CO2 laser
    engraving
    PDMS/CNT 155 3.1 0-100 5000 [35]
    Reactive ion etching PS/PDMS/CNT 165 0.6 0-80 10000 [64]
    Template Method AgNWs/CNTs/PCL/PU 152 0-100 25000 [34]
    Notes: G—Graphene; TPE—Thermoplastic elastomer; SR—Silicone rubber; CNT—Carbon nanotube; PS—Polystyrene; PCL—Polycaprolactone; AgNPs—Ag nanoparticles; MWCNTs—Multi-walled carbon nanotubes; TPU—Thermoplastic polyurethane; LIG—Laser induced graphene; GF—Gauge factor; LBL—Layer-by-layer self-assembly; FsLDW—Femtosecond laser direct writing; rGO—Reduced graphene oxide; CA—Contact angle.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  超疏水柔性应变传感器在人体运动监测中的功能

    Table  3.   Functions of superhydrophobic flexible strain sensor in human motion monitoring

    FunctionsConstruction materialsMax GFWork scope/%Cycle stability/timeResponse time/msRef.
    Waterproof and sweatproof TPE/WMCNTs/PDMS 69.84 0-80 1000 60 [27]
    WMCNTs/PDMS 22.64 0-200 10000 [33]
    Paper/MXene 17.4 0-0.8 1000 200 [68]
    Sponge/PAN/PI/rGO/PDMS >95 1000 [70]
    PDMS/CB/SiO2 354 0-250 10000 [80]
    PDMS/GO 1199.10 0-400 3000 88 [81]
    Anti-corrosion RB/AgNPs/PDMS 1153.0 0-60 25000 [72]
    RTV/WMCNTs 214 0-447 10000 [73]
    EB/AgNPs/OCA 61.8 0-120 2000 502 [82]
    Paper/CB/CNT/Hf-SiO2 7.5 −0.8-0.8 1000 [83]
    Self-cleaning TPU/GO 14.14 0-350 1000 [54]
    Sponge/rGO/PPy/PDMS 5000 118 [75]
    CB/CNTs/PFOTES-TiO2 NPs 1134.7 0-1050.0 5000 102 [76]
    CNC/G 23600 0-98 1000 33 [84]
    Anti-bacterial Fabric/GO/CNT/Cu 0.18 0-150 1200 [79]
    FAS/Ag/MWCNG/G-PDMS 1989 0.1-170 1000 150 [78]
    Notes: PAN—Polyacrylonitrile; RTV—Room temperature vulcanized silicone rubber; GO—Graphene oxide; CNC—Cellulose nanocrystal; FAS—Heptadecafluoro-1,1,2,2-tetradecyl trimethoxysilane; G-PDMS—Graphene-modified PDMS; PI—Polyimide; CB—Carbon black; RB—Rubber band; OCA—Octadecanoic acid; Hf-SiO2—Hydrophobic fumed silic; PPy—Polypyrrole; PFOTES-TiO2 NPs—Perfluoro-octyltriethoxysilane modified TiO2 nanoparticles.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-11-22
  • 修回日期:  2023-01-09
  • 录用日期:  2023-02-14
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-02-22
  • 刊出日期:  2023-07-15

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