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柔性电化学传感器的材料选择研究进展

孙已岚 臧霄奉 刘英慧 蒋双钰 张华宇 孔霞

孙已岚, 臧霄奉, 刘英慧, 等. 柔性电化学传感器的材料选择研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 41(5): 2249-2261. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20231205.002
引用本文: 孙已岚, 臧霄奉, 刘英慧, 等. 柔性电化学传感器的材料选择研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 41(5): 2249-2261. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20231205.002
SUN Yilan, ZANG Xiaofeng, LIU Yinghui, et al. Research progress in material selection of flexible electrochemical sensors[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2024, 41(5): 2249-2261. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20231205.002
Citation: SUN Yilan, ZANG Xiaofeng, LIU Yinghui, et al. Research progress in material selection of flexible electrochemical sensors[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2024, 41(5): 2249-2261. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20231205.002

柔性电化学传感器的材料选择研究进展

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20231205.002
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金 (22001150);山东省自然科学基金项目(ZR2020QB029)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    孔霞,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为半导体材料设计合成及光电传感、催化性质等 E-mail: kongxia_chem@sdust.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O649.3;TB332

Research progress in material selection of flexible electrochemical sensors

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (22001150); Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (ZR2020QB029)
  • 摘要: 电化学传感器作为传统传感器的一种,具有效率高、响应性好和灵敏度高等优点。而柔性电化学传感器具有这些特点的同时,凭借其优异的柔韧性、拉伸性、可折叠性和电化学稳定性,被广泛应用于医疗卫生、环境监测和食品安全等方面。此外,该类传感器还具有方便携带、成本较低、灵敏度高和选择性好等特点。本文立足于柔性传感器活性材料的选择,从无机材料、有机材料、酶和天然材料入手,通过分析与总结近几年的研究成果,介绍材料的选择对电化学传感器性能的影响,重点阐述了不同材料在柔性电化学传感器方面的制备及应用,表明柔性电化学传感器在生产生活中发挥着不可替代的作用。最后对现阶段柔性传感器的研究应用存在的问题与挑战进行总结,并对其未来发展方向进行展望。

     

  • 图  1  在可弯曲不锈钢丝筛(SSWS)衬底上水热合成ZnO纳米棒的详细步骤[15]

    CE—Counter electrode; RE—Reference electrode; WE—Working electrode; UV—Ultraviolet

    Figure  1.  Detailed procedures for the hydrothermal synthesis of ZnO nanorods on the stainless steel wire sieve (SSWS) substrate[15]

    图  2  (a) 可寻址的纸基光电化学芯片示意图;TiO2/Pt 纳米材料功能化纸基光电化学传感器构建示意图(b)及检测原理((c), (d))[22]

    NPs—Nanoparticles; NTs—Nanotubes; H1—Hairpin probe 1; H2—Hairpin probe 2; HT—Glutaraldehyde; PWE—Bare paper fibers; N-CDs—N-doped carbon dots; TS—Target strand; PS—Primer strand; CEA—Carcinoembryonic antigen

    Figure  2.  (a) Schematic illustration of the addressable paper photoelectrochemical chip; Construction process (b) and detection principle ((c), (d))of TiO2/Pt nanomaterial functionalized paper-based photoelectric chemical sensor[22]

    图  3  Mn-MoS2/热解石墨片(PGS)传感器的制造过程[30]

    Figure  3.  Manufacturing process of Mn-MoS2/pyrolytic graphitesheet (PGS) sensors[30]

    图  4  (a) 铜-金属有机框架材料(Cu-MOF)电化学传感器的多层结构、SEM图像及3D框架结构[38];(b)可定量检测葡萄糖的按钮传感器和其测试程序的3D原理图[40]

    PET—Polyethylene terephthalate; CC—Carbon cloth

    Figure  4.  (a) Multi-layer structure, SEM image and 3D frame structure of Cu-metal organic frameworks (Cu-MOF) electrochemical sensor[38]; (b) 3D schematic diagram of button sensor and its test program that can quantitatively detect glucose[40]

    图  5  共价有机框架/银纳米颗粒/碳布(COF/Ag NPs/CC)的制备及同时测定双酚A (BPA)和双酚S (BPS)的比值电化学传感器的构建示意图[43]

    DPV—Differential pulse voltammetry

    Figure  5.  Schematic illustration for preparation of covalent organic framework/Ag nanoparticles/carbon cloth (COF/Ag NPs/CC) and the construction of ratiometric electrochemical sensor for simultaneous determination for bisphenol A (BPA) and bisphenol S (BPS)[43]

    图  6  玉米烯酮(ZEN)适体传感器的构建和检测示意图[44]

    SPE—Screen-printed electrode

    Figure  6.  Construction and detection schematic diagram of zearalenone (ZEN) aptasensor[44]

    图  7  常见导电高分子的化学结构:(a)聚乙炔;(b)聚吡咯;(c)聚苯胺;(d)聚咔唑;(e)聚噻吩;(f)聚(3, 4-乙烯二氧噻吩);(g)聚亚苯基;(h)聚对苯撑乙烯;(i)聚芴[46]

    Figure  7.  Chemical structures of some common conducting polymers:(a) Polyacetylene; (b) Polypyrrole; (c) Polyaniline; (d) Polycarbazole; (e) Polythiophenes; (f) Poly(3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene); (g) Polyphenylenes; (h) Poly(phenylene vinylene); (i) Polyfluorene[46]

    图  8  用于检测细菌生物膜的聚吡咯薄膜修饰柔性电化学传感器[54]

    Figure  8.  Flexible electrochemical sensor modified with polypyrrole film for detection of bacterial biofilm[54]

    图  9  ((a), (b))肾上腺素生物传感器的摄影图像/制备原理图[57];(c)可用于检测H2O2的石墨烯-十二烷基苯磺酸(DBSA)薄膜柔性电化学传感器[59]

    rGO—Reduced graphene oxide; PAB—p-aminobenzoic acid

    Figure  9.  ((a), (b)) Photographic image/preparation schematic diagram of adrenaline biosensor[57]; (c) Graphene-dodecyl benzene sulfonic acid (DBSA) thin film flexible electrochemical sensor for detecting H2O2[59]

    图  10  (a)乳酸汗液传感器的摄影图像及制备原理图[63];(b)漆酶固定化工艺示意图[64]

    LOD—Lactate oxidase; PANHS—1-pyrenebutyric acid-N-hydroxysuccinimide ester; GO—Graphene oxide; GA—Glutaraldehyde; Lac—Laccase; PANI—Polyaniline

    Figure  10.  (a) Photographic images and preparation schematicdiagram of lactate sweat sensor[63]; (b) Schematic of laccaseimmobilization process[64]

    图  11  (a)可用于检测抗坏血酸、肾上腺素的生物相容性葡萄糖生物传感器芯片[68];(b)可用于监测肘部、喉部运动的压力-应变传感器[69]

    NFs—Nanofibers

    Figure  11.  (a) Biocompatible glucose biosensor chip for detecting ascorbic acid and epinephrine[68]; (b) Pressure-strain sensor for monitoringelbow and throat movement[69]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-10-10
  • 修回日期:  2023-11-14
  • 录用日期:  2023-11-30
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-12-06
  • 刊出日期:  2024-05-01

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