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纳米限域强化催化降解典型环境污染物的研究进展

李子涵 张武翔 郭庆勇 史明月 包美烁 杨福 潘建明

李子涵, 张武翔, 郭庆勇, 等. 纳米限域强化催化降解典型环境污染物的研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 41(4): 1726-1736. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20231025.003
引用本文: 李子涵, 张武翔, 郭庆勇, 等. 纳米限域强化催化降解典型环境污染物的研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 41(4): 1726-1736. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20231025.003
LI Zihan, ZHANG Wuxiang, GUO Qingyong, et al. Advances in nano-confined enhanced catalytic degradation of typical environmental pollutants: A review[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2024, 41(4): 1726-1736. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20231025.003
Citation: LI Zihan, ZHANG Wuxiang, GUO Qingyong, et al. Advances in nano-confined enhanced catalytic degradation of typical environmental pollutants: A review[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2024, 41(4): 1726-1736. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20231025.003

纳米限域强化催化降解典型环境污染物的研究进展

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20231025.003
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(22306076);江苏省自然科学基金青年基金项目(BK20230676);江苏省高等学校基础科学研究面上基金项目(22KJB610011)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    张武翔,博士,讲师,研究方向为环境功能材料的开发与环境催化 E-mail: wxz133@just.edu.cn

    潘建明,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为绿色分离化学与化工新技术及功能高分子材料 E-mail: pjm@ujs.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ09;TB332

Advances in nano-confined enhanced catalytic degradation of typical environmental pollutants: A review

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China Youth Fund Project (22306076); Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20230676); Natural Science Foundation of the Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions of China (22KJB610011)
  • 摘要: 环境水污染对人类健康和生态环境构成了潜在的威胁,水资源的保护和污染治理是当前全球面临的重要环境问题。然而,传统水处理技术在处理水体中有机污染物时存在一定的限制,如去除机制、去除效率、选择性和稳定性等。近年来,纳米限域催化作为一种新兴技术在水处理领域引起了广泛关注。该技术通过纳米限域介导的强化催化,能够实现纳米材料内部的催化调控,在降解环境污染物方面展现了独特的优势。本文综述了纳米限域在热强化催化、光强化催化、电强化催化和膜强化催化降解典型环境污染物方面的研究进展。其中,对催化原理、催化效率及影响因素等进行总结,并展望了限域催化未的来研究方向和挑战。

     

  • 图  1  限域强化在催化反应的应用及优势

    Figure  1.  Application and advantages of confinement effect in catalytic reactions

    图  2  调控Fe2O3生长在FCNT内/外表面的实验设计图[37]

    Figure  2.  Experimental design for regulating Fe2O3 growth on FCNT inner/outer surfaces [37]

    FCNT-L—Distribution of Fe2O3 nanoparticles on the outer surface of carbon nanotube (CNT); FCNT-H—Anchoring of Fe2O3 nanoparticles inside the CNT for nanoconfinement

    图  3  Co3O4/金属有机骨架材料(MOFs)活化过一硫酸盐(PMS)降解4-氯酚(4-CP)[39]

    Figure  3.  Degradation of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) by activated peroxymonosulfate (PMS) with Co3O4/metal organic frameworks (MOFs)[39]

    图  4  核-壳结构的Co/C纳米反应器(YSCCNs)对双酚A (BPA)协同催化降解机制[41]

    Figure  4.  Mechanism of synergistic catalytic degradation of bisphenol A (BPA) by yolk-shell Co/C nanoreactors (YSCCNs)[41]

    HA—Humic acid

    图  5  FeCo@氮掺杂碳(NC)降解BPA机制[42]

    Figure  5.  Mechanism of BPA degradation of FeCo@N-doped carbon (NC)[42]

    ANCYNs—FeCo alloy@N-doped carbon yolk-shell nanoreactors

    图  6  SiO2-Fe2O3@TiO2 (SFT)的光降解作用增强光催化机制图[49]

    Figure  6.  Enhanced photocatalytic mechanism map of photodegradation by SiO2-Fe2O3@TiO2 (SFT)[49]

    图  7  纳米管埃洛石(HNTs)@MoS2/Fe催化转化机制[51]

    Figure  7.  Mechanism of catalytic conversion of halloysite nanotubes (HNTs)@MoS2/Fe[51]

    VB—Valence band; CB—Conduction band; ROS—Reactive oxygen species

    图  8  β-环糊精包覆聚苯胺纤维(CDP)@Ag3PO4@NC光催化苯酚机制示意图[53]

    Figure  8.  Schematic diagram of the mechanism of β-cyclodextrin wrapped the PANI fibers (CDP)@Ag3PO4@NC photocatalytic phenolization[53]

    NHE—Normal hydrogen electrode; LUMO—Lower unoccupied molecular orbital; HUMO—Higher occupied molecular orbital

    图  9  Fe@N, B共掺杂碳纳米管(BN-C)阴极电催化过程的机制示意图[54]

    Figure  9.  Schematic diagram of the mechanism of Fe@N, B-codoped carbon nanotubes (BN-C) cathode electrocatalytic process[54]

    h-BN—Hexagonal boron nitride

    图  10  Fe2O3-in-CNT和Fe2O3-out-CNT系统降解污染物的机制示意图[55]

    Figure  10.  Schematic mechanism of pollutant degradation by Fe2O3-in-CNT and Fe2O3-out-CNT systems[55]

    图  11  MoS2膜类芬顿降解污染物示意图[61]

    Figure  11.  Schematic diagram of Fenton-like degradation of pollutants by MoS2 membranes[61]

    ROS—Reactive oxygen species

    图  12  超滤膜(UF)限域膜反应器催化作用示意图[62]

    Figure  12.  Schematic diagram of the catalytic action of a ultrafiltration (UF) limited area membrane reactor[62]

    NOM—Natural organic matter; AOPs—Advanced oxidation technology; CM—Confined membrane

    图  13  工程化限域反应器薄膜的降解示意图[65]

    Figure  13.  Schematic degradation of engineered confined reactor membranous[65]

    d—Diameter

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-08-01
  • 修回日期:  2023-09-25
  • 录用日期:  2023-10-12
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-10-26
  • 刊出日期:  2024-04-15

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