留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

氮化硼纳米片增强铜基复合材料的界面调控与性能

李忠华 易健宏 游昕 李才巨 鲍瑞 刘亮

李忠华, 易健宏, 游昕, 等. 氮化硼纳米片增强铜基复合材料的界面调控与性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 41(5): 2683-2693. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230828.001
引用本文: 李忠华, 易健宏, 游昕, 等. 氮化硼纳米片增强铜基复合材料的界面调控与性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 41(5): 2683-2693. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230828.001
LI Zhonghua, YI Jianhong, YOU Xin, et al. Interface regulation and properties of boron nitride nanosheets reinforced copper matrix composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2024, 41(5): 2683-2693. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230828.001
Citation: LI Zhonghua, YI Jianhong, YOU Xin, et al. Interface regulation and properties of boron nitride nanosheets reinforced copper matrix composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2024, 41(5): 2683-2693. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230828.001

氮化硼纳米片增强铜基复合材料的界面调控与性能

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230828.001
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(52174345)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    刘亮,博士,讲师,研究方向为先进复合材料的制备与性能 E-mail: liuliang@kust.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB331

Interface regulation and properties of boron nitride nanosheets reinforced copper matrix composites

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (52174345)
  • 摘要: 铜因其高导电和高延性的优点在电刷及电触头材料有着广泛的应用前景。随着电力输送行业的快速发展,铜本身低强度的劣势已无法满足需求,亟需开发一种高强高韧的铜基复合材料(CMCs)来弥补铜材料的缺陷。氮化硼纳米片(BNNSs)因其优异的力学及高温结构稳定性能,有望作为铜基复合材料良好增强体,为我国航空航天及交通运输等产业开发出极具战略意义的复合材料。本文采用粉末冶金工艺制备了具有高综合性能的BNNSs增强铜基复合材料(BNNSs/Cu)。研究了不同热处理条件下复合材料微观组织及界面演变特征,测试复合材料力学性能、电导率及摩擦磨损性能的变化规律。结果表明:通过铜基体微合金化处理(添加1wt%Ti),在BNNSs界面处生成了致密且均匀的TiN过渡层和TiB晶须,改善了BNNSs与铜基体的界面结合。BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃复合材料的抗拉强度为408 MPa,延伸率为15.5%,且电导率仍保持91%国际退火铜标准(IACS)的高水平,摩擦系数降低至0.58 (纯铜基体:0.80)。本文所得的铜基复合材料在获得优异力学性能和耐磨性能同时,仍保持良好的导电性,为开发高性能电接触材料及摩擦材料提供了技术指导。

     

  • 图  1  ((a), (b))原料氮化硼纳米片(BNNSs)的TEM图像;(c)电解铜粉SEM图像;(d)纳米钛粉TEM图像;(e) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)复合材料的制备流程

    BM—Ball milling; SPS—Spark plasma sintering; HT—Heat treatment

    Figure  1.  ((a), (b)) TEM images of boron nitride nanosheets (BNNSs); (c) SEM image of electrolytic copper powder; (d) TEM image of nano-titanium powder; (e) Flow chart of preparation of BNNSs/Cu-(Ti) composites

    图  2  ((a), (b))球磨后BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)复合粉体的微观形貌;((c), (d)) BNNSs分布SEM图像;(e) BNNSs区域EDS面扫描结果:(f) Cu;(g) Ti;(h) N;(i) B

    Figure  2.  ((a), (b)) Microstructure of BNNSs/Cu-(Ti) composite powder after milled; ((c), (d)) SEM images of distribution of BNNSs; (e) Scan results of the area of BNNSs: (f) Cu; (g) Ti; (h) N; (i) B

    图  3  ((a), (b)) 600℃烧结坯体腐蚀后SEM图像;(c) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃复合材料的电子探针的二次电子图像(SED)及元素面扫描结果:(d) Cu;(e) N;(f) Ti

    Figure  3.  ((a), (b)) SEM images of billet after corrosion and sintered at 600℃; (c) Secondary electron images of electron probes (SED) of BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃ composite and results of elemental mapping of EDS: (d) Cu; (e) N; (f) Ti

    图  4  (a) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃复合材料BNNSs区域的TEM图像:对应图4(a)区域I的TEM图像(b)及反傅里叶变换图((c), (d));对应图4(a)区域II的TEM图像((e), (f))及反傅里叶变换图((g), (h));对应图4(a)区域III的TEM图像(i)及反傅里叶变换图(j);(k)复合材料界面结构示意图

    Figure  4.  (a) TEM images of BNNSs region of BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃ composite: TEM diagram corresponding to area I (b) in Fig. 4(a) and inverse fourier transform (IFFT) diagram ((c), (d)); TEM diagram corresponding to area II ((e), (f)) in Fig. 4(a) and IFFT diagram ((g), (h)); TEM diagram corresponding to area III (i) in Fig. 4(a) and IFFT diagram (j); (k) Interface structure diagram of composites

    图  5  P-Cu和BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-800℃、BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃和BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-1000℃复合材料的电导率和相对密度(a)及维氏硬度的变化(b);(c)工程应力-应变曲线;(d)目前工作中复合材料的抗拉强度和延展性与其他铜基复合材料(CMCs)的比较

    UTS—Ultimate tensile strength; IACS—International Annealed Copper Standard; CNTs—Carbon nanotubes; SWCNT—Single-walled carbon nanotubes; GN—Graphene nanosheets; GFs—Graphene flakes; GNFs—Graphene nanoflakes

    Figure  5.  Conductivity and relative density (a) and Vickers hardness (b) of P-Cu and BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-800℃, BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃ and BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-1000℃ composites; (c) Engineering stress-strain curves; (d) Comparison of the tensile strength and ductility of the composites in the present work with other copper matrix composite material (CMCs)

    图  6  复合材料断口SEM形貌:(a) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-800℃;(b) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃;(c) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-1000℃;((d)~(f)) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃复合材料裂纹处BNNSs的形貌

    Figure  6.  SEM images of the fracture of composites: (a) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-800℃; (b) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃; (c) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-1000℃; ((d)-(f)) Morphology of BNNSs at cracks of BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃ composite

    图  7  (a)摩擦行为机制图;(b) P-Cu和BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃复合材料的摩擦系数曲线;纯铜和复合材料的平均摩擦系数变化曲线(c)及磨损率结果(d)

    Figure  7.  (a) Mechanism diagram of frictional behavior; (b) Friction coefficient curves of P-Cu and BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃ composite; Average friction coefficient curves (c) and wear rate results (d) of pure copper and composites

    图  8  磨损碎屑的SEM图像:(a) P-Cu;(b) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-800℃;(c) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃;(d) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-1000℃

    Figure  8.  SEM images of abrasion debris: (a) P-Cu; (b) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-800℃; (c) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃; (d) BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-1000℃

    表  1  烧结块体在不同热处理温度后命名

    Table  1.   Nomenclature of sintered bulks after different heat treatment temperatures

    Sample Heat treatment temperature/℃
    Pure Cu (P-Cu)
    BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-800℃ 800
    BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃ 900
    BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-1000℃ 1000
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  P-Cu和BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)复合材料的力学性能

    Table  2.   Mechanical properties of P-Cu and BNNSs/Cu-(Ti) composites

    SampleRelative
    density/%
    Conductivity/% IACSHardness (HV)Yield
    strength/MPa
    Ultimate tensile
    strength/MPa
    Elongation/%
    P-Cu99.198.6 86.5±3138.5±12247.5±1545.95±3.2
    BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-800℃98.590.2127.5±6273.6±16321.6±1115.60±3.5
    BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-900℃99.090.8143.6±5355.5±10408.2±1015.50±2.8
    BNNSs/Cu-(Ti)-1000℃98.391.7125.1±7315.8±13364.5±1120.60±3.3
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 苏华光. 导体铜及铜合金的应用和加工工艺综述[J]. 电线电缆, 2022(5):22-29, 33.

    SU Huaguang. Overview of application and processing technology of conductor copper and copper alloy[J]. Wire and Cable,2022(5):22-29, 33(in Chinese).
    [2] 潘信诚, 林政淇, 杨柳, 等. 石墨烯增强铜基复合材料制备工艺及性能的研究进展[J]. 机械工程材料, 2023, 47(1): 1-10.

    PAN Xincheng, LIN Zhengqi, YANG Liu, et al. Research progress on preparation technology and properties of graphene reinforced copper matrix composites[J]. Materials for Mechanical Engineering, 2023, 47(1): 1-10(in Chinese).
    [3] 王媛文, 肖文清, 周红军, 等. 六方氮化硼的制备、改性及应用[J]. 化工新型材料, 2022, 50(12): 32-37.

    WANG Yuanwen, XIAO Wenqing, ZHOU Hongjun, et al. Preparation, modification and application of hexagonal boron nitride[J]. New Chemical Materials, 2022, 50(12): 32-37(in Chinese).
    [4] HAGHSHENAS M, ISLAM R, WANG Y, et al. Depth sensing indentation of magnesium/boron nitride nanocomposites[J]. Journal of Composite Materials,2019,53(13):1751-1763.
    [5] YOO S C, KIM J, LEE W, et al. Enhanced mechanical properties of boron nitride nanosheet/copper nanocomposites via a molecular-level mixing process[J]. Composites Part B: Engineering,2020,195:108088. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2020.108088
    [6] ZANG C, YANG M, LIU E B, et al. Synthesis, characterization and tribological behaviors of hexagonal boron nitride/copper nanocomposites as lubricant additives[J]. Tribology International,2022,165:107312. doi: 10.1016/j.triboint.2021.107312
    [7] MA L S, ZHANG X, DUAN Y H, et al. Constructing the coherent transition interface structure for enhancing strength and ductility of hexagonal boron nitride nanosheets/Al composites[J]. Journal of Materials Science & Technology,2023,145:235-248.
    [8] BHUIYAN M M H, LI L H, WANG J T, et al. Interfacial reactions between titanium and boron nitride nanotubes[J]. Scripta Materialia,2017,127:108-112.
    [9] MEREIB D, SEU U C C, ZAKHOUR M, et al. Fabrication of biomimetic titanium laminated material using flakes powder metallurgy[J]. Journal of Materials Science,2018,53(10):7857-7868. doi: 10.1007/s10853-018-2086-x
    [10] CORTHAY S, KUTZHANOV M K, MATVEEV A T, et al. Nanopowder derived Al/h-BN composites with high strength and ductility[J]. Journal of Alloys and Compounds,2022,912:165199. doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2022.165199
    [11] FAN Y G, WANG C. Growth kinetics of interfacial reaction layer products between cubic boron nitride and Cu-Sn-Ti active filler metal[J]. Journal of Materials Science & Technology,2021,92:69-74.
    [12] WEI C L, YE N, XIA W Y, et al. An electroless deposition strategy for preparing ultrathin CNTs/Cu composite foils with excellent mechanical properties[J]. Diamond & Related Materials,2022,121:108785.
    [13] FENG J Q, TAO J M, LIU Y C, et al. Optimization of the mechanical properties of CNTs/Cu composite by regulating the size of interfacial TiC[J]. Ceramics International,2022,48(18):26716-26724.
    [14] SHUAI J, XIONG L Q, ZHU L, et al. Enhanced strength and excellent transport properties of a super aligned carbon nanotubes reinforced copper matrix laminar composite[J]. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing,2016,88:148-155. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2016.05.027
    [15] JIN Y, ZHU L, XUE W D, et al. Fabrication of superaligned carbon nanotubes reinforced copper matrix laminar composite by electrodeposition[J]. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China,2015,25(9):2994-3001. doi: 10.1016/S1003-6326(15)63926-7
    [16] ZHANG X, SHI C S, LIU E Z, et al. In situ space-confined synthesis of well-dispersed three-dimensional graphene/carbon nanotube hybrid reinforced copper nanocomposites with balanced strength and ductility[J]. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing,2017,103:178-187. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2017.09.010
    [17] WEI X, TAO J M, HU Y, et al. Enhancement of mechanical properties and conductivity in carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/Cu matrix composite by surface and intratube decoration of CNTs[J]. Materials Science & Engineering: A,2021,816:141248.
    [18] CHEN L, HOU Z C, LIU Y F, et al. High strength and high ductility copper matrix composite reinforced by graded distributeon of carbon nanotubes[J]. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing,2020,138:106063. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2020.106063
    [19] PAN Y, XIAO S Q, LU X, et al. Fabrication, mechanical properties and electrical conductivity of Al2O3 reinforced Cu/CNTs composites[J]. Journal of Alloys and Compounds,2018,782:1015-1023.
    [20] YANG Z B, XU J J, QIAN Y H, et al. Electrical conductivities and mechanical properties of Ti3SiC2 reinforced Cu-based composites prepared by cold spray[J]. Journal of Alloys and Compounds,2023,946:169473. doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2023.169473
    [21] LUO F, JIANG X S, SUN H L, et al. Microstructures, mechanical and thermal properties of diamonds and graphene hybrid reinforced laminated Cu matrix composites by vacuum hot pressing[J]. Vacuum,2023,207:111610. doi: 10.1016/j.vacuum.2022.111610
    [22] DONG B X, LI Q Y, SHU S L, et al. Investigation on the elevated-temperature tribological behaviors and mechanism of Al-Cu-Mg composites reinforced by in situ size-tunable TiB2-TiC particles[J]. Tribology International,2023,177:107943. doi: 10.1016/j.triboint.2022.107943
    [23] DING L, HU S S, QUAN X M, et al. Microstructure and high temperature tribological performance of Co-based laser cladded coatings reinforced with in situ TiN-VC[J]. Vacuum,2022,198:110894. doi: 10.1016/j.vacuum.2022.110894
    [24] DEORE H A, NICHUL U, RAO A G, et al. Influence of SiC particles and post-heat treatment on the properties of Ti-6Al-4V based surface nanocomposite fabricated by friction stir processing[J]. Surface & Coatings Technology,2022,449:128985.
    [25] SHIN S E, CHOI H J, SHIN J H, et al. Strengthening behavior of few-layered graphene/aluminum composites[J]. Carbon, 2015, 82: 143-151.
    [26] YANG M, WENG L, ZHU H X, et al. Simultaneously enhancing the strength, ductility and conductivity of copper matrix composites with graphene nanoribbons[J]. Carbon, 2017, 118: 250-260.
    [27] NI Z L, MA J S, LIU Y, et al. Microstructure evolution and mechanical property strengthening mechanisms of Cu/Cu NPs/Cu joint fabricated by ultrasonic spot welding[J]. Materials Science & Engineering: A,2023,866:144656.
    [28] CHEN B, GONG J W, HUANG W, et al. Constructing a parallel aligned shish kebab structure of HDPE/BN composites: Toward improved two-way thermal conductivity and tensile strength[J]. Composites Part B: Engineering,2023,259:110699. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2023.110699
  • 加载中
图(8) / 表(2)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  389
  • HTML全文浏览量:  197
  • PDF下载量:  41
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-07-13
  • 修回日期:  2023-08-09
  • 录用日期:  2023-08-10
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-08-29
  • 刊出日期:  2024-05-01

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回