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氧化石墨烯对水泥基渗透结晶型防水材料抗渗性能的影响

齐孟 蒲云东 杨森 盛况 袁小亚

齐孟, 蒲云东, 杨森, 等. 氧化石墨烯对水泥基渗透结晶型防水材料抗渗性能的影响[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(3): 1598-1610. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220509.003
引用本文: 齐孟, 蒲云东, 杨森, 等. 氧化石墨烯对水泥基渗透结晶型防水材料抗渗性能的影响[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(3): 1598-1610. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220509.003
QI Meng, PU Yundong, YANG Sen, et al. Effect of graphene oxide on the impermeability of cementitious capillary crystalline waterproofing[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(3): 1598-1610. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220509.003
Citation: QI Meng, PU Yundong, YANG Sen, et al. Effect of graphene oxide on the impermeability of cementitious capillary crystalline waterproofing[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(3): 1598-1610. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220509.003

氧化石墨烯对水泥基渗透结晶型防水材料抗渗性能的影响

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220509.003
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(51402030);重庆市基础科学与前沿技术研究专项基金(cstc2017jcyjBX0028);重庆市教育委员会科学技术研究项目(KJZD-K201800703)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    袁小亚,博士,教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为纳米复合材料、建筑功能材料、高性能水泥混凝土等领域 E-mail: yuanxy@cqjtu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TU528

Effect of graphene oxide on the impermeability of cementitious capillary crystalline waterproofing

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (51402030) ; Chongqing Special Fund for Basic Science and Advanced Technology Research (cstc2017jcyjBX0028) ; Chongqing Education Commission Science and Technology Research Project (KJZD-K201800703)
  • 摘要: 研究了木质素磺酸钠(MN)对氧化石墨烯(GO)在模拟水泥水化孔隙液中的分散能力的影响,并研究了MN分散的GO对水泥基渗透结晶型防水材料(CCCW)对水泥砂浆抗渗性能的影响。通过吸光度试验、Zeta电位及原子力显微镜(AFM)研究表明,当MN与GO的质量比为3∶1时,GO在饱和氢氧化钙溶液中的分散性最佳;砂浆力学强度测试表明,当GO掺量为水泥质量的0.03%时,3天、28天的抗折抗压强度相较于不掺入MN的GO砂浆分别提高了39.13%和39.37%、33.84%和33.48%;砂浆抗渗压力和氯离子扩散系数比标准砂浆试件分别提高了160.0%和下降了50.6%;抗渗性能测试表明,当GO掺量为水泥质量的0.03%时,GO改性CCCW涂层抗渗压力比含CCCW的涂层提高了116.7%;微观测试表明,GO促进了水化反应,并在砂浆基质中发挥了填充作用和模板作用,增强了水化产物的密实度,使得砂浆和CCCW抗渗性能增加了。本文提供了一种GO改性CCCW来提升水泥砂浆的抗渗性能,在涂层防水效果和降低CCCW材料成本等应用价值得到提升。

     

  • 图  1  水泥抗折抗压一体试验机

    Figure  1.  Cement bending and compression testing machine

    图  2  SS-15抗渗仪装置示意图

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of SS-15 anti-permeability apparatus

    图  3  GO和MN溶液的紫外可见吸收光谱

    Figure  3.  UV-visible absorption spectra of GO and MN solution

    图  4  不同含量MN对GO在饱和Ca(OH)2溶液中吸光度的影响

    Figure  4.  Effect of different contents of MN on absorbance of GO in saturated Ca(OH)2 solution

    图  5  不同含量MN对GO在饱和Ca(OH)2溶液中Zeta电位的影响

    Figure  5.  Effect of different contents of MN on Zeta potential of GO in saturated Ca(OH)2 solution

    图  6  不同GO溶液体系的60 min静置图

    Figure  6.  60 min static diagrams of different GO solution systems

    图  7  MN分散的GO的原子力显微镜(AFM)图像

    Figure  7.  Atomic force microscopy (AFM) image of MN dispersed GO

    图  8  MN分散的GO对砂浆抗氯离子渗透的影响

    Figure  8.  Effect of MN dispersed GO on chloride penetration resistance of mortar

    图  9  MN改性GO对水泥砂浆抗渗压力的影响

    Figure  9.  Effect of MN modified GO on impermeability pressure of cement mortar

    图  10  GO改性水泥基渗透结晶型防水材料(CCCW)对涂层抗渗压力的影响

    Figure  10.  Effect of GO modified cementitious capillary crystalline waterproofing material (CCCW) on coating impermeability pressure

    B—Reference mortar

    图  11  不同CCCW涂层的28天净浆SEM图像:(a) 基准净浆;(b) C1;(c) C4;(d) C5

    Figure  11.  SEM images of 28 days paste with different CCCW coatings: (a) Control slurry; (b) C1; (c) C4; (d) C5

    图  12  不同CCCW净浆涂层的孔径分布图

    Figure  12.  Pore size distribution of different CCCW paste coatings

    图  13  不同CCCW涂层净浆28天的XRD图谱

    Figure  13.  28 days XRD patterns of different CCCW coating pastes

    AFm—Calcium sulfoaluminate monosulfide hydrate; AFt—Ettringite

    表  1  水泥化学成分

    Table  1.   Chemical composition of cement

    MineralAl2O3SiO2Fe2O3CaOMgOSO3NaOf-CaO
    Content/wt%4.4721.503.3765.843.180.300.490.78
    Note: f-CaO—Free calcium oxide.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  用于吸光度和Zeta电位测试的氧化石墨烯(GO)溶液组成

    Table  2.   Composition of graphene oxide (GO) solution for absorbance and Zeta potential test

    SampleWater/gCa(OH)2/gPC/mLGO/mLMN
    Y099.30.1600.70
    Y199.30.160.050.70
    Y299.30.160.050.71∶1
    Y399.30.160.050.72∶1
    Y499.30.160.050.73∶1
    Y599.30.160.050.74∶1
    Y699.30.160.050.75∶1
    Notes: PC—Polycarboxylic acid water reducer; MN—sodium ligninsulfonate; ①—GO concentration is 3.666 mg/mL; ②—Content of MN is its ratio to GO.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  用于力学性能和抗渗压力测试的GO改性水泥砂浆配合比

    Table  3.   Mix ratio of GO modified cement mortar for mechanical properties and impermeability pressure test

    SampleSand/gCement/gPC/gWater/gGO/%MN/%
    A113504502.716600
    A213504502.716600.03
    A313504502.71660.0050.015
    A413504502.71660.0050
    A513504502.71660.010.03
    A613504502.71660.010
    A713504502.71660.030.09
    A813504502.71660.030
    A913504502.71660.050.15
    A1013504502.71660.050
    Note: ①—Mass ratio to cement.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  基准砂浆配合比

    Table  4.   Mix ratio of reference mortar

    Cement/gWater/gSand/gCellulose ether/g
    320 260 1350 0.5
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  涂层配合比

    Table  5.   Mix ratio of coating

    SampleCCCW/gWater/gPC/%GO/%MN/%
    C1 20 6 0 0 0
    C2 20 6 0.3 0.01 0
    C3 20 6 0.3 0.01 0.03
    C4 20 6 0.3 0.03 0
    C5 20 6 0.3 0.03 0.09
    C6 20 6 0.3 0.05 0
    C7 20 6 0.3 0.05 0.15
    Notes: CCCW—Cementitious capillary crystalline waterproofing material; ①—Mass ratio to CCCW; ②—Mass ratio to CCCW.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  MN分散的GO对水泥砂浆抗折强度和抗压强度的影响

    Table  6.   Effect of MN dispersed GO on the flexural and compressive strength of cement mortar

    SampleFlexural strength (MPa)/Changing rate (%)Compressive strength (MPa)/Changing rate (%)
    3 days28 days3 days28 days
    A1 4.6±0.25/0 6.5±0.71/0 35.0±0.15/0 45.7±0.83/0
    A2 4.0±0.34/13.04 5.9±0.85/9.23 27.98±0.35/20.05 43.24±0.85/5.38
    A3 5.6±0.35/21.73 7.9±0.75/21.53 38.56±0.25/10.17 52.45±0.93/14.77
    A4 5.5±0.55/19.56 7±0.95/7.69 36.83±0.44/5.23 51.66±1.15/13.04
    A5 5.7±0.05/23.91 7.9±0.35/21.53 42.67±1.35/21.91 54.12±1.55/18.42
    A6 5.6±0.35/21.73 7.1±0.45/9.23 40.88±0.84/16.80 53.73±0.75/17.57
    A7 6.4±0.05/39.13 8.7±1.05/33.84 48.78±1.02/39.37 61.00±1.25/33.48
    A8 6.2±0.65/34.78 8.6±0.84/32.30 45.13±0.05/28.94 58.90±0.55/28.88
    A9 6.3±0.15/36.95 8.2±0.94/26.15 46.35±1.25/32.43 56.75±0.74/24.18
    A10 6.2±0.45/34.78 8.1±0.35/24.61 44.10±0.85/26 54.89±0.65/20.11
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  GO提升水泥砂浆抗压抗折强度研究对比

    Table  7.   Comparison of compressive and flexural strength of cement mortar improved by GO

    GOChange rate of flexural strength/%Change rate of compressive strength/%Ref.
    3 days28 days3 days28 days
    0.0517.3219.2219.2321.42[18]
    0.0337.2032.0550.1433.27[54]
    0.0311.5414.7823.2033.29[55]
    0.07−94.6525.42−88.6620.16[56]
    0.0339.1333.8439.3733.48This paper
    Note:①—mass ratio to cement.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-02
  • 修回日期:  2022-04-05
  • 录用日期:  2022-04-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-05-10
  • 刊出日期:  2023-03-15

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