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高孔隙率三维结构木材构建功能复合材料的研究进展

杨蕊 曹清华 梅长彤 洪枢 徐真 李建章

杨蕊, 曹清华, 梅长彤, 等. 高孔隙率三维结构木材构建功能复合材料的研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2020, 37(8): 1796-1804 doi:  10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20200324.001
引用本文: 杨蕊, 曹清华, 梅长彤, 等. 高孔隙率三维结构木材构建功能复合材料的研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2020, 37(8): 1796-1804 doi:  10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20200324.001
Rui YANG, Qinghua CAO, Changtong MEI, Shu HONG, Zhen XU, Jianzhang LI. Research progress of functional composite materials constructed from high porosity three-dimensional structural wood[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2020, 37(8): 1796-1804. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20200324.001
Citation: Rui YANG, Qinghua CAO, Changtong MEI, Shu HONG, Zhen XU, Jianzhang LI. Research progress of functional composite materials constructed from high porosity three-dimensional structural wood[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2020, 37(8): 1796-1804. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20200324.001

高孔隙率三维结构木材构建功能复合材料的研究进展

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20200324.001
基金项目: 江苏省高校自然科学基金重大项目(18KJA220002);江苏省苏北科技专项(SZ-SQ2018018)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    李建章,博士,教授,研究方向为仿生木基复合材料 E-mail:13681090171@126.com

  • 中图分类号: TB332

Research progress of functional composite materials constructed from high porosity three-dimensional structural wood

  • 摘要: 木材兼具生态友好性和再生性,是符合可持续发展的生态材料。通过选择性去除半纤维素和木质素,将木材制备成具备高孔隙率的三维结构木材,可充分发挥其孔隙率高、纤维排布有序、比表面积大等特点,同时保留木材本身生物相容性好、各向异性突出等优势,在柔性电子设备、污染治理、智能窗户、生物医学、锂电池和建筑材料等领域具有潜在发展潜力。本文总结了以柔性木材、透明木材、木材海绵、碳化木材、木材水凝胶和致密化木材为代表的功能性高孔隙率三维结构木材的形成机制及制备方法,指出了存在的问题,探讨其未来的研究发展方向,以期为新型木基功能材料的研究提供新思路。
  • 图  1  “一步化学处理法”制备的柔性三维多孔木片在不同pH条件下的性能比较[18]

    Figure  1.  Performance comparison of flexible three-dimensional porous wood film prepared by one-step chemical treatment under different pH conditions[18]

    图  2  各向异性柔性木纸的设计概念[19]

    Figure  2.  Design concept of anisotropic flexible wood paper[19]

    图  3  光致变色透明木材窗户的模拟应用[33]

    Figure  3.  Simulation application of photochromic transparent wood windows[33]

    图  4  从天然巴沙木直接制成具有弹簧状片状结构的可高度压缩的木质海绵[48]

    CVD—Chemical vapor deposition

    Figure  4.  Highly compressible wood sponge with a spring-shaped sheet structure made directly from natural balsa wood[48]

    图  5  易碎木材碳(WC)和高压缩性的木材碳海绵(WCS)的设计和制造过程[49]

    Figure  5.  Design and manufacture process of brittle wood carbon(WC) and highly compressible wood carbon sponge(WCS)[49]

    图  6  裸Li金属电极和通道排列良好的Li/ C木电极的Li剥离/电镀行为示意图[52]

    SEI—Soild electrolyte interphase

    Figure  6.  Schematic diagram of Li stripping/plating behavior for bare Li metal electrodes and Li/C-wood electrodes with well-aligned channels[52]

    图  7  木材水凝胶结构网络微观示意图[68]

    Figure  7.  Schematic illustration and network microscopic structure of wood hydrogel[68]

    图  8  致密化木材的加工方法

    Figure  8.  Processing approach of densified wood

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-12-11
  • 录用日期:  2020-03-13
  • 网络出版日期:  2020-03-24
  • 刊出日期:  2020-08-31

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