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泡沫铝填充碳纤维增强树脂复合材料薄壁管的压缩变形行为与吸能特性

杨旭东 安涛 冯晓琳 邹田春 纵荣荣

杨旭东, 安涛, 冯晓琳, 等. 泡沫铝填充碳纤维增强树脂复合材料薄壁管的压缩变形行为与吸能特性[J]. 复合材料学报, 2020, 37(8): 1850-1860 doi:  10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20191206.002
引用本文: 杨旭东, 安涛, 冯晓琳, 等. 泡沫铝填充碳纤维增强树脂复合材料薄壁管的压缩变形行为与吸能特性[J]. 复合材料学报, 2020, 37(8): 1850-1860 doi:  10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20191206.002
Xudong YANG, Tao AN, Xiaolin FENG, Tianchun ZOU, Rongrong ZONG. Compressive deformation behavior and energy absorption of Al foam-filled carbon fiber reinforced plastic thin-walled tube[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2020, 37(8): 1850-1860. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20191206.002
Citation: Xudong YANG, Tao AN, Xiaolin FENG, Tianchun ZOU, Rongrong ZONG. Compressive deformation behavior and energy absorption of Al foam-filled carbon fiber reinforced plastic thin-walled tube[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2020, 37(8): 1850-1860. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20191206.002

泡沫铝填充碳纤维增强树脂复合材料薄壁管的压缩变形行为与吸能特性

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20191206.002
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(51971242;51531004);天津市教委科研计划项目(2018KJ255)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    杨旭东,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为多孔材料和金属基复合材料 E-mail:xdyangtj@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TB333

Compressive deformation behavior and energy absorption of Al foam-filled carbon fiber reinforced plastic thin-walled tube

  • 摘要: 将填加造孔剂法制备的泡沫铝物理嵌入碳纤维增强树脂(Carbon fiber reinforced plastic,CFRP)复合材料薄壁管中,从而获得泡沫铝填充CFRP复合材料薄壁管的复合结构。针对CFRP薄壁管、泡沫铝和泡沫铝填充CFRP复合材料薄壁管分别开展准静态压缩试验测试其压缩和吸能性能,并在压缩过程中采用数字图像相关技术(Digital image correlation,DIC)同步分析其变形模式;进一步研究在不同环境温度下(25~150℃)泡沫铝填充CFRP复合材料薄壁管的压缩与吸能性能及失效模式。结果表明:泡沫铝作为填充芯材改变了CFRP复合材料薄壁管的压缩变形行为,由单一CFRP复合材料薄壁管的散射开花失效转变为泡沫铝填充CFRP复合材料薄壁管的纤维层断裂失效。同CFRP复合材料薄壁管相比,泡沫铝填充CFRP复合材料薄壁管的应力波动显著减小。随环境温度的升高,CFRP复合材料薄壁管、泡沫铝和泡沫铝填充CFRP复合材料薄壁管的压缩与吸能性能均不断降低,但泡沫铝与CFRP复合材料薄壁管之间的交互作用增强,泡沫铝对CFRP复合材料薄壁管的增强作用在高温下表现更为显著。
  • 图  1  铝粉的SEM图像(a)、尿素颗粒(b)、泡沫铝上表面与侧剖面(c)和碳纤维增强树脂(CFRP)复合材料薄壁管和泡沫铝填充CFRP薄壁管(d)的宏观照片

    Figure  1.  SEM image of Al powders(a) and photos of carbamides(b), Al foam top and cross sections(c) and carbon fiber reinforced polymer(CFRP) composite thin-walled tube and Al foam-filled CFRP thin-walled tube(d)

    图  2  CFRP复合材料薄壁管应力-应变曲线(a)、压缩后的俯视图和侧视图(b)、x方向应变场(c)和y方向应变场(d)

    Figure  2.  Stress-strain curve(a), top view and side view after compression(b), strain field in x direction(c) and strain field in y direction(d) of CFRP composite tube

    图  3  泡沫铝的应力-应变曲线(a)、压缩后的俯视图和侧视图(b)、x方向应变场(c)和y方向应变场(d)

    Figure  3.  Stress-strain curve(a), top view and side view after compression(b), strain field in x direction(c) and strain field in y direction(d) of Al foam

    图  4  泡沫铝填充CFRP复合材料薄壁管的应力-应变曲线(a)、压缩后的俯视图和侧视图(b)、x方向应变场(c)和y方向应变场(d)

    Figure  4.  Stress-strain curve(a), top view and side view after compression(b), strain field in x direction(c) and strain field in y direction(d) of Al foam-filled CFRP composite thin-walled tube

    图  5  不同环境温度下CFRP复合材料薄壁管(a)、泡沫铝(b)和泡沫铝填充CFRP薄壁管(c)的应力-应变曲线

    Figure  5.  Stress-strain curves of CFRP thin-walled tubes(a), Al foams(b) and Al foam-filled CFRP composite thin-walled tubes(c) at different environment temperatures

    图  6  不同环境温度下CFRP复合材料薄壁管和泡沫铝填充CFRP复合材料薄壁管的峰值应力(a)和最大应力降(b)

    Figure  6.  Peak stress(a) and maximum stress drop(b) of CFRP thin-walled tubes and Al foam-filled CFRP composite thin-walled tubes at different environment temperatures

    图  7  不同环境温度下CFRP复合材料薄壁管(a)、泡沫铝(b)和泡沫铝填充CFRP复合材料薄壁管(c)的吸能曲线

    Figure  7.  Energy absorption curves of CFRP composite thin-walled tubes(a), Al foams(b) and Al foam- filled CFRP composite thin-walled tubes(c) at different environment temperatures

    图  8  不同环境温度下泡沫铝填充CFRP复合材料薄壁管中各组分在50%应变下的吸能

    Figure  8.  Energy absorption at 50% strain of each component of Al foam-filled CFRP composite thin-walled tube at different environment temperatures

    图  9  不同环境温度下泡沫铝对CFRP复合材料薄壁管的增强系数

    Figure  9.  Enhancement coefficients of Al foam to CFRP composite thin-walled tubes at different environment temperatures

    图  10  不同温度下压缩后CFRP复合材料薄壁管和泡沫铝填充CFRP复合材料薄壁管的宏观形貌

    Figure  10.  Macroscopic morphologies of CFRP composite thin-walled tubes and Al foam-filled CFRP composite thin-walled tubes after compression at different temperatures

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-10-09
  • 录用日期:  2019-11-17
  • 网络出版日期:  2019-12-06
  • 刊出日期:  2020-08-31

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