Volume 40 Issue 11
Nov.  2023
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LI Siqi, YAN Chuanqi, ZHOU Shengxiong. Rheological properties and mechanism of fumed SiO2 modified asphalt[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(11): 6275-6287. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230203.002
Citation: LI Siqi, YAN Chuanqi, ZHOU Shengxiong. Rheological properties and mechanism of fumed SiO2 modified asphalt[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(11): 6275-6287. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230203.002

Rheological properties and mechanism of fumed SiO2 modified asphalt

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20230203.002
Funds:  National Natural Science Foundation of China (52008353)
  • Received Date: 2022-12-02
  • Accepted Date: 2023-01-10
  • Rev Recd Date: 2022-12-28
  • Available Online: 2023-02-03
  • Publish Date: 2023-11-01
  • Nano-silica (NS) modified asphalt is satisfactory in mechanical properties but is expensive. Fumed-silica (FS) is also a nanoscale material and the price is only 1/10 of NS. To evaluate the feasibility of FS replacing NS, using 3wt% original silica (OS), FS, hydrophobic nano silica (MNS) as modifier, the rheological properties of corresponding modified asphalt were studied compared with matrix asphalt (Esso, ES) by the multi-stress creep recovery test (MSCR), linear amplitude scanning test (LAS) and bent beam rheological test (BBR). The results show that the optimal modifier FS has the best effect on the rutting resistance at high temperature and the fatigue resistance at intermediate temperature for asphalt, and the least negative effect on the low temperature performance. The mechanism for these results was explored by SEM, temperature scanning test (TeS), variable temperature infrared spectroscopy (VT-IR), TGA and DSC. The intrinsic primary aggregates of FS and unique ES-hydroclusters system played a key role in the performance of FS-asphalt composite. Therefore, fumed SiO2 is a cost-effective nano-scale material used to modify asphalt.

     

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