Volume 40 Issue 3
Mar.  2023
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XIE Fazhi, ZHANG Daode, YANG Shaohua, et al. Preparation of g-C3N4/Pb composites and application in anode materials for lead carbon batteries[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(3): 1541-1551. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220515.001
Citation: XIE Fazhi, ZHANG Daode, YANG Shaohua, et al. Preparation of g-C3N4/Pb composites and application in anode materials for lead carbon batteries[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(3): 1541-1551. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220515.001

Preparation of g-C3N4/Pb composites and application in anode materials for lead carbon batteries

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220515.001
Funds:  Major Program Natural Science Foundation of the Higher Education Institutions of Anhui Province (KJ2018ZD049); National Science Foundation of China (21777001; 21671003)
  • Received Date: 2022-03-21
  • Accepted Date: 2022-05-01
  • Rev Recd Date: 2022-04-27
  • Available Online: 2022-05-16
  • Publish Date: 2023-03-15
  • To improve the hydrogen precipitation defects and increase the cycle life of lead carbon batteries, layered graphite phase carbon nitride (g-C3N4) was prepared using urea as a precursor and used as an additive to prepare anode plates for lead carbon batteries. The effects of the structure and addition amount of g-C3N4 on the electrochemical performance of lead carbon batteries were investigated with activated carbon (AC) as the control. The results show that the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is significantly suppressed by the addition of g-C3N4, and the hydrogen precipitation current of 1wt%g-C3N4 negative plate at −1.5 V is only 6% of that of the activated carbon negative plate. The AC impedance spectra show impedances (Rs) of 0.19868 Ω and 1.749 Ω for 1wt%g-C3N4 and activated carbon anode materials. More importantly, the capacitance of 1wt%g-C3N4 negative electrode plate is 344% higher than that of 1wt%AC negative electrode plate. In the 5000 h high-rate partial-state-of-charge (HRPSoC) battery cycle life test, the addition of g-C3N4 improved the battery life by 62% compared to the addition of activated carbon. After 500 cycles, the battery capacity retention rate is still 70%. g-C3N4 can effectively inhibit the hydrogen precipitation reaction, increase the specific capacitance and thus extend the cycle life of the battery, and at low cost, can be used as a new anode additive to improve the performance of lead carbon batteries.


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