Volume 40 Issue 3
Mar.  2023
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
KONG Xiangqing, WANG Rongzheng, GAO Wei, et al. Effect of graphene surface properties on mechanical properties and microstructure of cement mortar composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(3): 1637-1648. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220420.001
Citation: KONG Xiangqing, WANG Rongzheng, GAO Wei, et al. Effect of graphene surface properties on mechanical properties and microstructure of cement mortar composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(3): 1637-1648. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220420.001

Effect of graphene surface properties on mechanical properties and microstructure of cement mortar composites

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220420.001
  • Received Date: 2022-03-04
  • Accepted Date: 2022-04-13
  • Rev Recd Date: 2022-04-13
  • Available Online: 2022-04-21
  • Publish Date: 2023-03-15
  • In recent years, the use of graphene and its derivatives to improve the properties of cementitious composites have received much attention. However, there are few reports on the effect of graphene surface properties on the performance of cement-based materials. Graphene oxide (GO) was converted to reduced graphene oxide (rGO) using different concentrations of L-ascorbic acid (10wt%, 20wt%, 30wt%, 50wt% and 70wt%) and reduction time (15 min, 30 min, 45 min and 60 min) which was then added to the cement mortar composites at the same dosing level 0.05% (by weight cement). The effects of different degrees of reduced rGO on the mechanical properties of cement mortar were investigated. The test results show that the incorporation of rGO prepared by 50wt% L-ascorbic acid reduction 30 min increases the 28 days compressive strength and flexural strength of cement mortar by 36.84% and 43.24%, respectively, compared to the normal specimens. SEM and other analyses show that both GO and rGO with different degrees of reduction could promote the crystallization of Ca(OH)2 and the formation of silica tetrahedra in hydrated calcium silicate gels (C-S-H) to form dense microstructures. However, an optimal threshold exists (i.e., 30 min reduction by 50wt% L-ascorbic acid). At this threshold, the binding of rGO surface functional groups to hydration products is favored.


  • loading
  • [1]
    程志海, 杨森, 袁小亚. 石墨烯及其衍生物掺配水泥基材料研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2021, 38(2):339-360.

    CHENG Zhihai, YANG Sen, YUAN Xiaoya. Research progress of cement-based materials blended with graphene and its derivatives[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica,2021,38(2):339-360(in Chinese).
    杨一凡, 何智海, 詹培敏. 石墨烯及其衍生物在水泥基材料中的应用与研究进展[J]. 硅酸盐通报, 2020, 39(3):669-676.

    YANG Yifan, HE Zhihai, ZHAN Peimin. Application and research progress of graphene and its ramifications in cementitious materials[J]. Bulletin of the Chinese Ceramic Society,2020,39(3):669-676(in Chinese).
    梁兴文, 胡翱翔, 于婧等. 钢纤维对超高性能混凝土抗弯力学性能的影响[J]. 复合材料学报, 2018, 35(3):722-731.

    LIANG Xingwen, HU Aoxiang, YU Jing, et al. Effect of steel fibers on the flexural response of ultra-high performance concrete[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica,2018,35(3):722-731(in Chinese).
    NGUYEN W, DUNCN J F, JEN G, et al. Influence of matrix cracking and hybrid fiber reinforcement on the corrosion initiation and propagation behaviors of reinforced concrete[J]. Corrosion Science,2018,140:168-181. doi: 10.1016/j.corsci.2018.06.004
    YOO D Y, BANTHIA N, FUJIKAKE K, et al. Fiber-reinforced cement composites: Mechanical properties and structural implications 2019[J]. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering,2019,2019:1-2.
    WANG B, ZHAO R, ZHANG T. Pore structure and durability of cement-based composites doped with graphene nanoplatelets[J]. Materials Express,2018,8(2):149-156. doi: 10.1166/mex.2018.1421
    NOVOSELOV K S, GEIM A K, MOROZOV S V, et al. Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films[J]. Science,2004,306(5696):666-669. doi: 10.1126/science.1102896
    WANG B, JIANG R, WU Z. Investigation of the mechanical properties and microstructure of graphene nanoplatelet-cement composite[J]. Nanomaterials,2016,6(11):200. doi: 10.3390/nano6110200
    LIU J, FU J, YANG Y, et al. Study on dispersion, mechanical and microstructure properties of cement paste incorporating graphene sheets[J]. Construction and Building Materials,2019,199:1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.12.006
    DU H, DAI P S. Enhancement of barrier properties of cement mortar with graphene nanoplatelet[J]. Cement and Concrete Research,2015,76:10-19. doi: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2015.05.007
    KRYSTEK M, CIESIELSKI A, SAMMORÌ P. Graphene-based cementitious composites: Toward next-generation construction technologies[J]. Advanced Functional Materials,2021,31(27):2101887.
    王悦, 王琴, 郑海宇, 等. 分散剂对石墨烯水泥基复合材料压敏性能的影响研究[J]. 硅酸盐通报, 2021, 40(8):2515-2526.

    WANG Yue, WANG Qin, ZHENG Haiyu, et al. Influence of dispersant on pressure-sensitive properties of graphene cement-based composites[J]. Bulletin of the Chinese Ceramic Society,2021,40(8):2515-2526(in Chinese).
    ZHAO L, GUO X, SONG L, et al. An intensive review on the role of graphene oxide in cement-based materials[J]. Construction and Building Materials,2020,241:117939. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.117939
    LI X, LIU Y M, LI W G, et al. Effects of graphene oxide agglomerates on workability, hydration, microstructure and compressive strength of cement paste[J]. Construction and Building Materials,2017,145:402-410. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.04.058
    SHARMA S, SUSAN D, KOTHIYAL N C, et al. Graphene oxide prepared from mechanically milled graphite: Effect on strength of novel fly-ash based cementitious matrix[J]. Construction and Building Materials,2018,177:10-22. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.05.051
    MOHAMMED A, SANJAYAN J G, DUAN W H, et al. Graphene oxide impact on hardened cement expressed in enhanced freeze-thaw resistance[J]. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering,2016,28(9):04016072. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0001586
    徐凯丽. 石墨烯-水泥基复合材料的制备及其功能性研究[D]. 南京: 东南大学, 2018.

    XU Kaili. Preparation and functional study of graphene cement composite[D]. Nanjing: Southeast University, 2018(in Chinese).
    PRABAVATHY S, JEYASUBRAMANIAN K, PRASANTH S, et al. Enhancement in behavioral properties of cement mortar cubes admixed with reduced graphene oxide[J]. Jour-nal of Building Engineering,2020,28:101082. doi: 10.1016/j.jobe.2019.101082
    MURUGAN M, SANTHANAM M, GUPTA S S, et al. Influence of 2D rGO nanosheets on the properties of OPC paste[J]. Cement and Concrete Composites,2016,70:48-59. doi: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2016.03.005
    GHOLAMPOUR A, VALIZADEH K M, TRAN D N H, et al. From graphene oxide to reduced graphene oxide: Impact on the physiochemical and mechanical properties of graphene-cement composites[J]. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces,2017,9(49):43275-43286.
    GAO J, LIU F, LIU Y, et al. Environment-friendly method to produce graphene that employs vitamin C and amino acid[J]. Chemistry of Materials,2010,22(7):2213-2218. doi: 10.1021/cm902635j
    彭晖, 戈娅萍, 杨振天, 等. 氧化石墨烯增强水泥基复合材料的力学性能及微观结构[J]. 复合材料学报, 2018, 35(8):2132-2139.

    PENG Hui, GE Yaping, YANG Zhentian, et al. Mechanical properties and microstructure of graphene oxide reinforced cement-based composite[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica,2018,35(8):2132-2139(in Chinese).
    FERNÁNDEZ-MERINO M J, GUARDIA L, PAREDES J I, et al. Vitamin C is an ideal substitute for hydrazine in the reduction of graphene oxide suspensions[J]. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C,2010,114(14):6426-6432. doi: 10.1021/jp100603h
    何威, 许吉航, 焦志男. 少层石墨烯对水泥净浆流动性能及力学性能的影响[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 39(11):5637-5649.

    HE Wei, XU Jihang, JIAO Zhinan. Effect of few-layer graphene on the fluidity and mechanical properties of cement paste[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica,2022,39(11):5637-5649(in Chinese).
    WANG Y, YA J, OUYANG D. Effect of graphene oxide on mechanical properties of cement mortar and its strengthening mechanism[J]. Materials,2019,12(22):3753. doi: 10.3390/ma12223753
    国家质量技术监督局. 水泥胶砂强度检验方法 (ISO法): GB/T 17671—1999[S]. 北京: 中国标准出版社, 1999.

    The State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision. Testing method of cement mortar strength (ISO method): GB/T 17671—1999[S]. Beijing: China Standards Press, 1999(in Chinese).
    MUTHU M, YANG E H, UNLUER C. Resistance of graphene oxide-modified cement pastes to hydrochloric acid attack[J]. Construction and Building Materials,2021,273:121990. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121990
    MEYER J C, GEIM A K, KATSNELAON M I, et al. The structure of suspended graphene sheets[J]. Nature,2007,446(7131):60-63. doi: 10.1038/nature05545
    KWON M, YANG J, KIM H, et al. Controlling graphene wrinkles through the phase transition of a polymer with a low critical solution temperature[J]. Macromolecular Rapid Communications,2021,42(23):2100489. doi: 10.1002/marc.202100489
    SAMARI-KERMANI M, JAFARI S, RAHNAMA M, et al. Ionic strength and zeta potential effects on colloid transport and retention processes[J]. Colloid and Interface Science Communications,2021,42:100389. doi: 10.1016/j.colcom.2021.100389
    ALKHATEB H, Al-OSTAZ A, CHENG A H D, et al. Materials genome for graphene-cement nanocomposites[J]. Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics,2013,3(3):67-77. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)NM.2153-5477.0000055
    LI X, LU Z, CHUAH S, et al. Effects of graphene oxide aggregates on hydration degree, sorptivity, and tensile splitting strength of cement paste[J]. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing,2017,100:1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2017.05.002
    KRYSTEK M, PAKULSKI D, GÓRSKI M, et al. Electrochemically exfoliated graphene for high-durability cement composites[J]. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces,2021,13(19):23000-23010.
    WANG B, DENG S. Effect of graphene nanoplatelets on the properties, pore structure and microstructure of cement composites[J]. Materials Express,2018,8(5):407-416. doi: 10.1166/mex.2018.1447
    YASEEN S A, YISEEN G A, LI Z. Elucidation of calcite structure of calcium carbonate formation based on hydrated cement mixed with graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide[J]. ACS Omega,2019,4(6):10160-10170. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.9b00042
    MENG S, OUYANGU X, FU J, et al. The role of graphene/graphene oxide in cement hydration[J]. Nanotechnology Reviews,2021,10(1):768-778. doi: 10.1515/ntrev-2021-0055
    吕生华, 张佳, 朱琳琳, 等. 氧化石墨烯对水泥基复合材料微观结构的调控作用及对抗压抗折强度的影响[J]. 化工学报, 2017, 68(6):2585-2595.

    LV Shenghua, ZHANG Jia, ZHU Linlin, et al. Regulation of graphene oxide on microstructure of cement composites and its impact on compressive and flexural strength[J]. CIESC Journal,2017,68(6):2585-2595(in Chinese).
    WANG B M, DENG S. Effect and mechanism of graphene nanoplatelets on hydration reaction, mechanical properties and microstructure of cement composites[J]. Construction and Building Materials,2019,228:116720. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.116720
    DEVI S C, KHAN R A. Effect of graphene oxide on mechanical and durability performance of concrete[J]. Journal of Building Engineering,2020,27:101007. doi: 10.1016/j.jobe.2019.101007
    KRYSTEK M, PAKULAKI D, PATRONIAK V, et al. High-performance graphene-based cementitious composites[J]. Advanced Science,2019,6(9):1801195. doi: 10.1002/advs.201801195
    QURESHI T S, PANESAR D K. Impact of graphene oxide and highly reduced graphene oxide on cement-based composites[J]. Construction and Building Materials,2019,206:71-83. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.01.176
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(10)  / Tables(5)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (620) PDF downloads(32) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint