Volume 40 Issue 3
Mar.  2023
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
GAO Yongkang, CHEN Hongsheng, NIE Huihui, et al. Interface connection mechanism and fracture behavior of nickel-based composites fabricated by selective laser melting[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(3): 1797-1806. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220419.006
Citation: GAO Yongkang, CHEN Hongsheng, NIE Huihui, et al. Interface connection mechanism and fracture behavior of nickel-based composites fabricated by selective laser melting[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(3): 1797-1806. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220419.006

Interface connection mechanism and fracture behavior of nickel-based composites fabricated by selective laser melting

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220419.006
Funds:  Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (51805358); Key Research and Development Program of Jinzhong, Shanxi Province (Y201023); Natural Science Foundation of Shanxi Province(201901D111057); College Students’ Innovative Entrepreneurial Training Plan Program(202010112011; 202110112026)
  • Received Date: 2022-03-04
  • Accepted Date: 2022-04-07
  • Rev Recd Date: 2022-03-27
  • Available Online: 2022-04-20
  • Publish Date: 2023-03-15
  • Based on the excellent structural/functional properties of particle-reinforced nickel-based composites, they have a wide application prospects in aerospace, nuclear power, military industry and electronics. The internal heterogeneous interface connection mechanism, reinforcement mechanism and fracture behavior of the tungsten carbide (WC) particle-reinforced IN718 composites (WC/IN718) prepared by using the mechanical ball grinding powder+selective laser melting (SLM) was analyzed. The results show that with the increase of WC particles content (0wt%-20wt%), the specimen is well-formed, WC particles are evenly distributed inside the matrix and no defects at the heterogeneous interface, carbon-poor W2C layer and carbide layer are produced at the interface, and the matrix alloy mainly grows at the form of columnar crystals. Due to the different energy density distribution within the melting pool, the fracture mode of WC particles at the low temperature position is that firstly the interface reaction layer form at the periphery of WC particle and then WC are fractured by thermal stress. However, WC particles at the high temperature position preferentially break into small particles in size, and then the interface reaction layer is formed with the molten matrix alloy, which is distributed within the matrix. As the content of WC particles increases, the strength of composites tends to increase, while the fracture toughness is reduced, and the tensile strength can be up to 1280 MPa. The reinforcement mechanism is mainly the load transfer effect, the fracture mechanism is the brittle fracture of WC particles and the toughness fracture of matrix alloy.


  • loading
  • [1]
    LI C, CHANG K, YEH A, et al. Microstructure characterization of cemented carbide fabricated by selective laser melting process[J]. International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials,2018,75:225-233. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrmhm.2018.05.001
    TANJA T, JOHANNES S, RAINER V, et al. Microstructure and mechanical properties of selective laser melted Inconel 718 compared to forging and casting[J]. Materials Letters,2016,164:428-431. doi: 10.1016/j.matlet.2015.10.136
    SONG J, GUO Q, OUYANG Q, et al. Influence of interfaces on the mechanical behavior of SiC particulate-reinforced Al-Zn-Mg-Cu composites[J]. Materials Science and Engi-neering: A,2015,644:79-84. doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2015.07.050
    DENG L, BAI C, JIANG Z, et al. Effect of B4C particles addition on microstructure and mechanical properties of Fe50Mn30Co10Cr10 high-entropy alloy[J]. Materials Science and Engineering: A,2021,822:141642. doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2021.141642
    KHORSHID M, JAHROMI S, MOSHKSAR M. Mechanical properties of tri-modal Al matrix composites reinforced by nano- and submicron-sized Al2O3 particulates developed by wet attrition milling and hot extrusion[J]. Materials & Design, 2010, 31: 3880-3884.
    ALMANGOUR B, KIM Y, GRZESIAK D, et al. Novel TiB2-reinforced 316 L stainless steel nanocomposites with excellent room- and high-temperature yield strength developed by additive manufacturing[J]. Composites Part B: Engineering, 2019, 156: 51-63.
    CHENC, XIE Y, YAN X, et al. Cold sprayed WC reinforced maraging steel 300 composites: Microstructure characterization and mechanical properties[J]. Journal of Alloys and Compounds,2019,785:499-511.
    高颖超, 孙书刚, 钱兵, 等. 粉末烧结法和铸造法制备ZrO2增韧Al2O3陶瓷颗粒增强高铬铸铁基复合材料及其耐磨性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2021, 38(8):2676-2683.

    GAO Yingchao, SUN Shugang, QIAN Bing, et al. Preparation of ZrO2 toughened Al2O3 ceramic particles with enhanced high chromium cast iron-based composite material fabricated by powder sintering and casting and its wear resistance[J]. Journal of Composite Materials,2021,38(8):2676-2683(in Chinese).
    崔照雯, 李敬仁, 李泽洲, 等. 粉末冶金法CNTs、Al2O3双增强铜基复合材料性能研究[J]. 机械工程学报, 2013, 49(18):52-56. doi: 10.3901/JME.2013.18.052

    CUI Zhaowen, LI Jingren, LI Zezhou, et al. Study on the properties of CNTs and Al2O3 double-enhanced copper-based composite materials[J]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering,2013,49(18):52-56(in Chinese). doi: 10.3901/JME.2013.18.052
    王刚, 徐磊, 崔玉友, 等. TiAl预合金粉末热等静压致密化机制及热处理对微观组织的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2016, 52(9):1079-1088.

    WANG Gang, XU Lei, CUI Yuyou, et al. Ther-mal isostatic pressure compaction mechanism of TiAl pre-heated alloy powder and the effect of heat treatment on microstructure[J]. Journal of Metals,2016,52(9):1079-1088(in Chinese).
    葛福国, 彭倍, 柯文超, 等. 电弧增材制造NiTi形状记忆合金成形与性能[J]. 机械工程学报, 2020, 56(8):99-106. doi: 10.3901/JME.2020.08.099

    GE Fuguo, PENG Bei, KE Wenchao, et al. Forming and performance of NiTi shape memory alloy fabricated by arc additive manufacturing[J]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering,2020,56(8):99-106(in Chinese). doi: 10.3901/JME.2020.08.099
    杨素媛, 郭丹, 沈娟, 等. SPS制备TiNi增强镁合金复合材料的微观结构及力学性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2018, 35(2):371-376.

    YANG Suyuan, GUO Dan, SHEN Juan, et al. Microstructure and mechanical properties of TiNi-enhanced magnesium alloy composites prepared by SPS[J]. Journal of Compo-site Materials,2018,35(2):371-376(in Chinese).
    GU D, MA J, CHEN H, et al. Laser additive manufactured WC reinforced Fe-based compo-sites with gradient reinforcement/matrix interface and enhanced performance[J]. Composite Structures,2018,192:387-396. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2018.03.008
    MANDAL V, TRIPATHI P, KUMARR A, et al. A study on selective laser melting (SLM) of TiC and B4C reinforced IN718 metal matrix composites (MMCs)[J]. Journal of Alloys and Compounds,2022,901:163527. doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2021.163527
    MOHAN S, MANTRI S, PANTAWANE M, et al. In situ reactions during direct laser deposition of Ti-B4C composites[J]. Scripta Materialia,2020,183:28-32. doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2020.03.021
    HAN C, BABICHEVA R, ZHOU K, et al. Mic-rostructure and mechanical properties of (TiB+TiC)/Ti composites fabricated in situ via selective laser melting of Ti and B4C powders[J]. Additive Manufacturing,2020,36:101466. doi: 10.1016/j.addma.2020.101466
    FEREIDUNI E, GHASEMI A, ELBESTAWI M. Unique opportunities for microstructure engineering via trace B4C addition to Ti-6 Al-4 V through laser powder bed fusion process: As-built and heat-treated scenarios[J]. Additive Manu-facturing,2022,50:102557. doi: 10.1016/j.addma.2021.102557
    RUEDA C, VALEIRAS E, GARDON M, et al. Effect of ZrH2 particles on the microstructure and mechanical properties of IN718 manufactured by selective laser melting[J]. Materials Science and Engineering: A,2021,813:141123. doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2021.141123
    ZHANG H, GU D, MA C, et al. Effect of post heat treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of Ni-based composites by selective laser melting[J]. Materials Science and Engineering: A,2019,765:138294. doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2019.138294
    NGUYEN Q, ZHU Z, CHUA B, et al. Development of WC-Inconel composites using selective laser melting[J]. Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering,2018,18:1410-1420. doi: 10.1016/j.acme.2018.05.001
    XIA Y, CHEN H, LIANG X, et al. Circular oscillating laser melting deposition of nickel-based superalloy reinforced by WC: Microstructure, wear resistance and electrochemical properties[J]. Journal of Manufacturing Processes,2021,68:1694-1704. doi: 10.1016/j.jmapro.2021.06.074
    WANG X, PAN X, SUN P, et al. Significant enhancement in tensile strength and work hardening rate in CoCrFeMnNi by adding TiAl particles via selective laser melting[J]. Materials Science and Engineering: A,2022,831:142285. doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2021.142285
    RONG T, GU D. Formation of novel graded interface and its function on mechanical properties of WC1-X reinforced Inconel 718 composites processed by selective laser melting[J]. Journal of Alloys and Compounds,2016,680:333-342. doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.04.107
    YAN X, CHEN C, ZHAO R, et al. Selective laser melting of WC reinforced maraging steel 300: Microstructure characterization and tribological performance[J]. Surface and Coatings Technology,2018,371:355-365.
    CAO G, SUN T, WANG C, et al. Investigations of γ', γ'' and δ precipitates in heat-treated Inconel 718 alloy fabricated by selective laser melting[J]. Materials Characterization,2018,136:398-406. doi: 10.1016/j.matchar.2018.01.006
    LIN W, CHANG Y, HSU T, et al. Microstructure and tensile property of aprecipitation strengthened high entropy alloy processed by selective laser melting and post heat treat-ment[J]. Additive Manufacturing,2020,36:101601.
    HO I, HSU T, CHANG Y, et al. Effects of CoAl2O4 inoculants on microstructure and mechanical properties of IN718 processed by selective laser melting[J]. Additive Manufacturing,2020,35:101328. doi: 10.1016/j.addma.2020.101328
    ZHANG S, CHEN Z, WEI P, et al. Microstructure and pro-perties of a nano-ZrO2-reinforced AlSi10 Mg matrix compo-site prepared by selective laser melting[J]. Materials Science and Engineering: A,2022,838:142792. doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2022.142792
    LI W, YANG X, XIAO J, et al. Effect of WC mass fraction on the microstructure and friction properties of WC/Ni60 laser cladding layer of brake discs[J]. Ceramics International,2021,47(20):28754-28763. doi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2021.07.035
    CHEN G, WAN J, HE N, et al. Strengthening mechanisms based on reinforcement distribution uniformity for particle reinforced aluminum matrix composites[J]. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China,2018,28(12):2395-2400. doi: 10.1016/S1003-6326(18)64885-X
    CHEN L, GU P, GE T, et al. Effect of laser shock peening on microstructure and mechanical properties of TiC strengthened inconel 625 alloy processed by selective laser melting[J]. Materials Science and Engineering: A,2022,835:142610. doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2022.142610
    TANG M, ZHANG L, ZHANG N. Microstructural evolution, mechanical and tribological properties of TiC/Ti6 Al4 V composites with unique microstructure prepared by SLM[J]. Materials Science and Engineering: A,2021,814:141187. doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2021.141187
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(12)  / Tables(3)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (1194) PDF downloads(50) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint