Volume 40 Issue 2
Feb.  2023
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
YIN Hongfeng, XUE Feibiao, WEI Ying, YANG Shun, TANG Yun, YUAN Hudie, REN Xiaohu. Impact resistance of continuous glass fiber and glass bead co-reinforced Nylon 6 composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(2): 761-770. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220330.001
Citation: YIN Hongfeng, XUE Feibiao, WEI Ying, YANG Shun, TANG Yun, YUAN Hudie, REN Xiaohu. Impact resistance of continuous glass fiber and glass bead co-reinforced Nylon 6 composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(2): 761-770. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220330.001

Impact resistance of continuous glass fiber and glass bead co-reinforced Nylon 6 composites

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220330.001
  • Received Date: 2022-01-13
  • Accepted Date: 2022-03-19
  • Rev Recd Date: 2022-02-26
  • Available Online: 2022-03-30
  • Publish Date: 2023-02-01
  • Low-velocity impact is a common damage mode for polymer matrix composites during transportation and service, often results in structural damage, performance degradation, and loss of load-bearing capacity, which affects the use of the composites. To address the problem of poor delamination resistance of 2D fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composites under impact loading, binary and ternary Nylon 6 (PA6)-based composites were prepared by melt extrusion combined with hot pressing, and the pendulum impact performance and drop hammer low-velocity impact response of continuous glass fiber (GF), glass beads (GB) and both co-reinforced PA6-based composites were comparatively investigated. The results show that: (1) GF and GB can significantly improve the impact resistance of PA6, and the enhancement effect of GF is significantly higher than that of GB; (2) Impact strength of GB-reinforced PA6-based composites (GB/PA6) showed a trend of increasing and then decreasing with increasing GB incorporation, with the maximum impact strength at 25wt% incorporation; the energy dissipation mechanism of 25wt%GB/PA6 under impact loading was found to be a new mechanism of slip energy dissipation of GB in PA6 matrix, in addition to interfacial debonding and pinning effects; (3) The fibers in GF and GB co-reinforced PA6 composites (GB-GF/PA6) play a major reinforcing role, and both pendulum impact tests and drop impact tests demonstrate a synergistic reinforcing effect; (4) The synergistic reinforcing effect of GF and GB co-reinforcement is due to the increased resistance to type II crack expansion of the co-reinforced composites under impact loading, resulting in the reinforcement of the composite against delamination. Thus, demonstrating that the introduction of an appropriate amount of spherical GB into the matrix is an economical and effective way to improve the resistance of 2D fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composites to low-velocity impact.


  • loading
  • [1]
    NASSIR N A, BIRCH R S, CANTWELL W J, et al. The perforation resistance of glass fibre reinforced PEKK composites[J]. Polymer Testing,2018,72:423-431. doi: 10.1016/j.polymertesting.2018.11.007
    SARFRAZ M S, HONG H, KIM S S. Recent developments in the manufacturing technologies of composite components and their cost-effectiveness in the automotive industry: A review study[J]. Composite Structures,2021,266:113864. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2021.113864
    LIU P, BARLOW C Y. Wind turbine blade waste in 2050[J]. Waste Management,2017,62:229-240. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2017.02.007
    SUTHERLAND L S. A review of impact testing on marine composite materials: Part I—Marine impacts on marine composites[J]. Composite Structures,2018,188:197-208. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2017.12.073
    RAPONI E, FIUMARELLA D, BORIA S, et al. Methodology for parameter identification on a thermoplastic composite crash absorber by the sequential response surface method and efficient global optimization[J]. Composite Structures,2021,278:114646. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2021.114646
    ARIKAN V, SAYMAN O. Comparative study on repeated impact response of E-glass fiber reinforced polypropylene & epoxy matrix composites[J]. Composites Part B: Engineering,2015,83:1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2015.08.051
    KANHERE S V, BERMUDEZ V, OGALE A A. Carbon and glass fiber reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites[M]//Fiber Reinforced Composites. Sawston: Woodhead Publishing, 2021: 273-306.
    BARILE M, LECCE L, IANNONE M, et al. Thermoplastic composites for aerospace applications[M]//Revolutionizing Aircraft Materials and Processes. Cham: Springer, 2020: 87-114.
    ANDREW J J, SRINIVASAN S M, AROCKIARAJAN A, et al. Parameters influencing the impact response of fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composite materials: A critical review[J]. Composite Structures,2019,224:111007. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2019.111007
    YU B, GENG C, ZHOU M, et al. Impact toughness of polypropylene/glass fiber composites: Interplay between intrinsic toughening and extrinsic toughening[J]. Compo-sites Part B: Engineering,2016,92:413-419. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2016.02.040
    SHAH S Z H, KARUPPANAN S, MEGAT-YUSOFF P S M, et al. Impact resistance and damage tolerance of fiber reinforced composites: A review[J]. Composite Structures,2019,217:100-121. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2019.03.021
    VÁRDAI R, LUMMERSTORFER T, PRETSCHUH C, et al. Comparative study of fiber reinforced PP composites: Effect of fiber type, coupling and failure mechanisms[J]. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing,2020,133:105895. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2020.105895
    MOURITZ A P. Review of Z-pinned laminates and sandwich composites[J]. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing,2020,139:106128. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2020.106128
    PEGORIN F, PINGKARAWAT K, DAYNES S, et al. Influence of Z-pin length on the delamination fracture toughness and fatigue resistance of pinned composites[J]. Compo-sites Part B: Engineering,2015,78:298-307. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2015.03.093
    CHAZOT C A C, HART A J. Understanding and control of interactions between carbon nanotubes and polymers for manufacturing of high-performance composite materials[J]. Composites Science and Technology,2019,183:107795. doi: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2019.107795
    TANG Y, YE L, ZHANG Z, et al. Interlaminar fracture toughness and CAI strength of fibre-reinforced composites with nanoparticles—A review[J]. Composites Science and Technology,2013,86:26-37. doi: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2013.06.021
    KHAN M I, UMAIR M, HUSSAIN R, et al. Effect of micro-fillers on the performance of thermoplastic para aramid composites for impact applications[J]. Fibers and Polymers,2021,22(11):3120-3134. doi: 10.1007/s12221-021-0370-x
    赖鹏辉, 尹洪峰, 张静, 等. 纳米Al2O3-碳纤维多尺度增强聚酰胺基复合材料的制备及力学性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2018, 35(3):493-500.

    LAI Penghui, YIN Hongfeng, ZHANG Jing, et al. Preparation and mechanical properties of nano Al2O3-carbon fiber multi-scale reinforced polyamide composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica,2018,35(3):493-500(in Chinese).
    李艳, 尹洪峰, 秦月, 等. 尼龙 6 基复合材料的抗冲击性能与协同增强效应[J]. 复合材料科学与工程, 2020(12):84-91. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-0999.2020.12.014

    LI Yan, YIN Hongfeng, QIN Yue, et al. Impact properties and synergistic effect of nylon 6 based composites[J]. Composites Science and Engineering,2020(12):84-91(in Chinese). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-0999.2020.12.014
    RUSSO P, ACIERNO D, SIMEOLI G, et al. Flexural and impact response of woven glass fiber fabric/polypropylene composites[J]. Composites Part B: Engineering,2013,54:415-421. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2013.06.016
    KATUNIN A, PAWLAK S, WRONKOWICZ-KATUNIN A, et al. Damage progression in fibre reinforced polymer composites subjected to low-velocity repeated impact loading[J]. Composite Structures,2020,252:112735. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2020.112735
    XIAO L, WANG G H, QIU S, et al. Exploration of energy absorption and viscoelastic behavior of CFRPs subjected to low velocity impact[J]. Composites Part B: Engineering,2019,165:247-254. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.11.126
    AL-SHAMARY A K J, KARAKUZU R, ÖZDEMIR O. Low-velocity impact response of sandwich composites with different foam core configurations[J]. Journal of Sandwich Structures & Materials,2016,18(6):754-768.
    张亚文, 陈秉智, 石姗姗, 等. 格栅-蜂窝混式芯体夹芯结构的低速冲击性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 39(1):381-389.

    ZHANG Yawen, CHEN Bingzhi, SHI Shanshan, et al. Low-velocity impact performance of grid-honeycomb hybrid core sandwich structure[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica,2022,39(1):381-389(in Chinese).
    YANG Z M, LIU J X, WANG F C, et al. Effect of fiber hybridization on mechanical performances and impact behaviors of basalt fiber/UHMWPE fiber reinforced epoxy compo-sites[J]. Composite Structures,2019,229:111434. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2019.111434
    American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard test methods for determining the lzod pendulum impact resistance of plastics: ASTM D256-10[S]. West Conshohocken: American Society for Testing and Materials International, 2018.
    American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard test method for measuring the damage resistance of a fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composite to a drop-weight impact event: ASTM D7136-15[S]. West Conshohocke: American Society for Testing and Materials International, 2015.
    American Society for Testing and Materials. Standard test method for short-beam strength of polymer matrix composite materials and their laminates: ASTM D2344-16[S]. West Conshohockens: American Society for Testing and Materials International, 2016.
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(9)  / Tables(3)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (468) PDF downloads(59) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint