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淀粉/PBAT可降解地膜在不同环境下老化性能对比

林军 李晓萱 柴喜存 何春霞

林军, 李晓萱, 柴喜存, 等. 淀粉/PBAT可降解地膜在不同环境下老化性能对比[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 42(0): 1-9.
引用本文: 林军, 李晓萱, 柴喜存, 等. 淀粉/PBAT可降解地膜在不同环境下老化性能对比[J]. 复合材料学报, 2024, 42(0): 1-9.
LIN Jun, LI Xiaoxuan, CHAI Xicun, et al. Comparison of aging properties of starch/ PBAT degradable mulching film in different environments[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: LIN Jun, LI Xiaoxuan, CHAI Xicun, et al. Comparison of aging properties of starch/ PBAT degradable mulching film in different environments[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

淀粉/PBAT可降解地膜在不同环境下老化性能对比

基金项目: 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目 (XUEKEN2022010);“十四五”国家重点研发计划 (2022YFD2300700)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    何春霞, 教授,研究方向为新型工程材料、 全生物降解材料 E-mail: chunxiahe@hotmail.com

  • 中图分类号: TB332

Comparison of aging properties of starch/ PBAT degradable mulching film in different environments

Funds: Supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (XUEKEN2022010)); National Key Research and Development Program of China (2022YFD2300700)
  • 摘要: 为研制全生物降解地膜以减少传统塑料地膜的污染,以淀粉(TPS)和PBAT为原料,制备了2种原料配比的生物降解地膜TPS/PBAT-A和TPS/PBAT-B,研究其在热老化(60、80、100℃)和多因素老化(温度、湿度、光照强度分别为40℃-65%-310 W/m2、60℃-65%-310 W/m2和60℃-65%-648 W/m2)的综合性能。未老化前,2种地膜TPS/PBAT-A和TPS/PBAT-B的拉伸强度分别为16.3 MPa 和20.8 MPa,断裂伸长率分别为1222.7%和564.5%。高温热老化后2种地膜力学性能下降,经100℃热老化后,2种地膜TPS/PBAT-A和TPS/PBAT-B的拉伸强度分别降至11.2 MPa和18.2 MPa;TPS/PBAT-B地膜在热老化后表面缺陷相对较少,其性能保留较好。多因素老化下,光照强度对于2种地膜的力学性能的影响较大,在60℃-65%-310 W/m2和60℃-65%-648 W/ m2的对比环境中,2种地膜在24天后拉伸强度分别下降23.0%和22.4%;2种地膜在老化时主要表现为地膜的非结晶区先分解,分子链结构遭到破坏,分子断裂后内部空隙的存在使结合质量下降,表面出现多处孔洞和裂纹。

     

  • 图  1  TPS/PBAT地膜红外光谱对比

    Figure  1.  Fourier-transform infrared of TPS/PBAT mulching films

    图  2  TPS/PBAT地膜热老化拉伸强度对比

    Figure  2.  Comparison of thermal aging tensile strength of TPS/PBAT mulching films

    图  3  TPS/PBAT地膜热老化断裂伸长率对比

    Figure  3.  Comparison of thermal aging elongation at break of TPS/PBAT mulching films

    图  4  热老化后TPS/PBAT地膜的表面微观形貌(放大倍数×10 k)

    Figure  4.  The surface morphology of the TPS/PBAT mulching films after thermal aging (Magnification×10 k)

    图  5  TPS/PBAT地膜热老化红外光谱对比

    Figure  5.  Comparison of thermal aging Fourier-transform infrared of TPS/PBAT mulching films

    图  6  TPS/PBAT地膜多因素老化拉伸强度对比

    Figure  6.  Comparison of multi-factor aging tensile strength of TPS/PBAT mulching films

    图  7  TPS/PBAT地膜多因素老化断裂伸长率对比

    Figure  7.  Comparison of multi-factor aging elongation at break of TPS/PBAT mulching films

    图  8  多因素老化后TPS/PBAT地膜的表面微观形貌(放大倍数×10 k)

    Figure  8.  The surface morphology of the TPS/PBAT mulching films after multi-factor aging (Magnification×10 k)

    图  9  TPS/PBAT地膜多因素老化红外光谱对比

    Figure  9.  Comparison of multi-factor aging Fourier-transform infrared of TPS/PBAT mulching films

    表  1  TPS/PBAT地膜配方

    Table  1.   TPS / PBAT mulching films formulation

    Sample Films PBAT/wt.% TPS/ wt.% Other/ wt.%
    TPS/PBAT-A 72.5 25 2.5
    TPS/PBAT-B 62.5 35 2.5
    Notes: PBAT—Polyadipate/butylene terephthalate; TPS—Thermoplastic starch
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  多因素老化试验条件

    Table  2.   Multi-factor aging test conditions

    Sample Films Temperature/
    Humidity/
    %
    strength of
    illumination/(W/ m2)
    TPS/PBAT-1 40 65 310
    TPS/PBAT-2 60 65 310
    TPS/PBAT-3 60 65 648
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  TPS/PBAT地膜力学性能数据

    Table  3.   Mechanical properties data of TPS / PBAT films

    Sample Films Tensile strength/MPa elongation at break/%
    TPS/PBAT-A 16.3±0.4 1222.7±10.5
    TPS/PBAT-B 20.8±0.5 564.5±10.6
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-11-20
  • 修回日期:  2023-12-12
  • 录用日期:  2023-12-29
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-01-21

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