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多功能CeO2/纤维素纳米纤维复合超疏水涂层的制备与性能

樊鑫炎 黄俊雅 杨炎晓 宋丽丽 王永贵 肖泽芳 王海刚 谢延军

樊鑫炎, 黄俊雅, 杨炎晓, 等. 多功能CeO2/纤维素纳米纤维复合超疏水涂层的制备与性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-16
引用本文: 樊鑫炎, 黄俊雅, 杨炎晓, 等. 多功能CeO2/纤维素纳米纤维复合超疏水涂层的制备与性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-16
Xinyan FAN, Junya HUANG, Yanxiao YANG, Lili SONG, Yonggui WANG, Zefang XIAO, Haigang WANG, Yanjun XIE. Fabrication and properties of multifunctional CeO2/cellulose nanofibers composite superhydrophobic coating[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: Xinyan FAN, Junya HUANG, Yanxiao YANG, Lili SONG, Yonggui WANG, Zefang XIAO, Haigang WANG, Yanjun XIE. Fabrication and properties of multifunctional CeO2/cellulose nanofibers composite superhydrophobic coating[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

多功能CeO2/纤维素纳米纤维复合超疏水涂层的制备与性能

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金 (31901247)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    王永贵,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为生物质复合材料 E-mail: wangyg@nefu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB332

Fabrication and properties of multifunctional CeO2/cellulose nanofibers composite superhydrophobic coating

  • 摘要: 自然界超疏水现象因独特的润湿性能被广泛关注,超疏水涂层的制备与应用尤为迫切。采用硝酸铈,六水合物(Ce(NO3)3·6H2O)共沉淀法于纤维素纳米纤维(CNFs)表面合成二氧化铈(CeO2),通过十八烷基三甲基硅氧烷(OTMS)对其进行疏水改性,喷涂构筑得到超疏水涂层。探讨了CNFs、Ce(NO3)3·6H2O和OTMS不同质量比对超疏水涂层形貌和疏水性能的影响。结果表明,CNFs和Ce(NO3)3·6H2O质量比为1∶5和1∶7涂层具有实现超疏水特性的微/纳结构,其中CNFs、Ce(NO3)3·6H2O和OTMS质量比为1∶5∶10涂层接触角为(159.7±1.1)°,滚动角为(5.7±1.8)°,经过150°C高温处理3 h和UV照射36 h后接触角仍大于150°,同时具有良好的pH稳定性和一定的机械强度。涂层应用于玻璃、纸、木材和海绵等基体均可构筑超疏水表面并赋予其优异的自清洁性能,其中超疏水玻璃涂层对UV-A和UV-B紫外透过率分别为12.6%和0.1%,超疏水海绵吸油效率达94%左右。该超疏水涂层有望被用作保护材料并且拓展了稀土金属氧化物在纤维素基超疏水涂层领域的应用。

     

  • 图  1  O-CeO2/纤维素纳米纤维(CNFs)超疏水涂层的制备示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of the preparation of O-CeO2/cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) superhydrophobic coating

    图  2  纤维素的SEM图(a)、CNFs的TEM图(b)、CeO2/CNFs-5(c-f)和10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5(g-i)不同分辨率TEM图

    Figure  2.  SEM image of cellulose (a), TEM image of CNFs (b), TEM images of CeO2/CNFs-5 (c-f) and 10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5 (g-j) with different resolutions

    图  3  木粉、纤维素、CeO2/CNFs-1、CeO2/CNFs-3和CeO2/CNFs-7的XRD图谱(a)和CNFs、CeO2、CeO2/CNFs-5和10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5的XRD图谱(b)

    Figure  3.  XRD patterns of Wood powders, Cellulose, CeO2/CNFs-1, CeO2/CNFs-3, and CeO2/CNFs-7 (a) and CNFs, CeO2, CeO2/CNFs-5, and 10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5 (b)

    图  4  木粉、纤维素、CNFs、CeO2、CeO2/CNFs-5和10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5 FTIR图谱

    Figure  4.  FTIR spectra of Wood powders, Cellulose, CNFs, CeO2, CeO2/CNFs-5, and 10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5

    图  5  木粉、纤维素、CNFs、CeO2、CeO2/CNFs-5和10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5的XPS图谱(a),C 1 s(c)和O 1 s(d)高分辨图谱;CeO2/CNFs-5和10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5的Si 2 p高分辨图谱(b)

    Figure  5.  XPS survey spectra (a), high-resolution spectra C 1 s (c) and O 1 s (d) of Wood powders, Cellulose, CNFs, CeO2, CeO2/CNFs-5, and 10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5; High-resolution spectra of Si 2 p of CeO2/CNFs-5 and 10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5 (b)

    图  6  (a-d)CeO2/CNFs-X-Glass(X=1、3、5和7)的SEM图;(e-h)10-O-CeO2/CNFs-X-Glass(X=1、3、5和7)的SEM图;(i-l)CNFs-Glass、CeO2-Glass、O-B-CeO2/CNFs-Glass和O-CeO2-Glass的SEM图

    Figure  6.  SEM images of O-CeO2/CNFs-X-Glass (X=1, 3, 5, and 7) (a-d), 10-O-CeO2/CNFs-X-Glass (X=1, 3, 5, and 7) (e-h) and CNFs-Glass, CeO2-Glass, O-B-CeO2/CNFs-Glass and O-CeO2-Glass (i-l)

    图  7  Y-O-CeO2/CNFs-1-Glass(a)、Y-O-CeO2/CNFs-3-Glass(b)、Y-O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Glass(c)和Y-O-CeO2/CNFs-7-Glass(d)(Y=0、5、10和15)的接触角和滚动角

    Figure  7.  The static contact angle and sliding angle of Y-O-CeO2/CNFs-1-Glass (a), Y-O-CeO2/CNFs-3-Glass (b), Y-O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Glass (c) and Y-O-CeO2/CNFs-7-Glass (d) (Y=0, 5, 10, and 15)

    图  8  10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Glass在不同温度(a)、UV辐照(b)和不同pH值(c)处理一定时间后接触角变化;在UV处理36 h和不同pH下处理10 h滴有亚甲基蓝的涂层照片(d-i)

    Figure  8.  The change of static contact angle under different temperatures (a), UV illumination (b), and different pH (c) treatment of 10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Glass for a certain time; Photographs of the coating with methylene blue droplets after treated with UV for 36 h and different pH for 10 h (d-i)

    图  9  10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Glass在不同磨损次数下接触角(a)及磨损10次前(b,c)后(d,e)的SEM图

    Figure  9.  The static contact angle of 10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Glass under different abrasion cycles (a); SEM images of coating before (b, c) and after (d, e) 10 abrasion cycles

    图  10  球形亚甲基蓝液滴在O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Glass(a)、O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Paper(b)、O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Wood(c)和和水滴在O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Sponge(d)表面照片及其接触角和滚动角(f);O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Glass表面液滴撞击照片(e)

    Figure  10.  Photographs of spherical methylene blue aqueous dye on the surface of the O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Glass (a), O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Paper (b), O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Wood (c), and water droplets on the surface of the O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Sponge (d) as well as static contact angle and sliding angle (f); Photographs of water droplet impact on the O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Glass surface (e)

    图  11  10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Paper自清洁过程

    Figure  11.  The self-cleaning process of 10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Paper

    图  12  Glass、CNFs-Glass和10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Glass的紫外线透过率曲线(a)和紫外线透过率(b);Paper、CNFs-Paper和10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Paper的紫外线透过率曲线(c)和紫外线透过率(d)

    Figure  12.  UV transmittance curves (a) and UV transmittance (b) of Glass, CNFs-Glass, and 10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Glass; UV transmittance curves (c) and UV transmittance (d) of Paper, CNFs-Paper, and 10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Paper

    图  13  (a-e)10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Sponge正己烷/水分离过程;(f)油水分离后的海绵表面润湿性

    Figure  13.  (a-e) n-hexane/water separation process of 10-O-CeO2/CNFs-5-Sponge; (f) Wettability of sponge surface after oil/water separation

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  • 收稿日期:  2022-05-09
  • 录用日期:  2022-06-11
  • 修回日期:  2022-06-05
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-06-27

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