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先进复合材料在航空装备发展中的地位与作用

邢丽英 李亚锋 陈祥宝

邢丽英, 李亚锋, 陈祥宝. 先进复合材料在航空装备发展中的地位与作用[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 39(9): 1-8 doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220525.001
引用本文: 邢丽英, 李亚锋, 陈祥宝. 先进复合材料在航空装备发展中的地位与作用[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 39(9): 1-8 doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220525.001
Liying XING, Yafeng LI, Xiangbao CHEN. Status and role of the advanced composite materials in the development of aviation equipment[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2022, 39(9): 1-8. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220525.001
Citation: Liying XING, Yafeng LI, Xiangbao CHEN. Status and role of the advanced composite materials in the development of aviation equipment[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2022, 39(9): 1-8. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220525.001

先进复合材料在航空装备发展中的地位与作用

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220525.001
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    邢丽英,中国工程院院士,研究员,博士生导师,研究方向为先进树脂基复合材料技术 E-mail: vcd4321@sina.com

  • 中图分类号: TB332

Status and role of the advanced composite materials in the development of aviation equipment

  • 摘要: “一代材料,一代装备”阐明了材料技术在装备发展中的重要性。航空装备的发展历程表明,一代新材料的出现支撑了一代新装备的研发,一代新装备的研制牵引一代新材料的应用。不同航空装备应用不同的结构材料,和三代机相比,四代战斗机用结构材料的最大差别是先进复合材料的大量应用。本文介绍了国内先进复合材料技术的发展历程和现状、复合材料技术发展面临的机遇和挑战及今后国内先进复合材料技术的发展重点。

     

  • 图  1  国内航空碳纤维结构复合材料发展历程

    Figure  1.  Main development history of domestic aviation carbon fiber composites

    CAI—Compressive strength after impact; RTM—Resin transfer molding

    图  2  国内结构吸波复合材料发展历程

    Figure  2.  Main development history of domestic structure wave-absorbing composites

    图  3  国内结构透波复合材料发展历程

    Figure  3.  Main development history of domestic structure wave-transmitting composites

    图  4  国内外典型碳纤维的基本力学性能[19-23]

    Figure  4.  Properties of typical carbon fiber at home and overseas[19-23]

    图  5  国内外部分复合材料使用温度和冲击后压缩强度[20-24]

    Figure  5.  Service temperature and compressive strength after impact of typical composites at home and overseas[20-24]

    图  6  国内研制的复合材料自动铺放设备 (a) 及构件 (b)

    Figure  6.  Automatic laying equipment (a) and structures (b) in China

    图  7  国内航空装备复合材料的应用情况

    Figure  7.  Application situation of composites in domestic aviation equipment

    图  8  夹层结构隐身复合材料的吸收性能

    Figure  8.  Absorbing properties of domestic sandwich structure wave-absorbing composites

    图  9  不同透波复合材料的性能对比

    Figure  9.  Properties of different wave-transmitting composites

    表  1  先进复合材料的主要应用

    Table  1.   Main applications of composites in aviation

    CompositesApplications
    Carbon fiber structure materialsMainly used for load-bearing components to reduce the structure weight of the aircraft
    Structure wave- absorbing integration compositesMainly used for strong radar scattering source stealth components of aircraft to achieve the desired radar cross-sectional (RCS) reduction effect
    Structure wave-transmitting integration compositesMainly used for detection/communication windows to support the detection and electronic warfare capabilities of the aircraft
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  国内部分聚酰亚胺(PI)纤维的基本性能

    Table  2.   Properties of several domestic polyimide (PI) fiber

    PI fiberTensile strength/GPaTensile modulus/GPaTg/℃
    S303.0±0.2110±5≥330
    S30 M3.0±0.2140±5≥340
    S35 M3.5±0.2150±5≥340
    S404.0±0.2140±5≥340
    Note: Tg—Glass transition temperature.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  部分结构透波复合材料的介电性能

    Table  3.   Dielectric properties of several structure wave-transmitting composites

    PropertiesGlass/
    Epoxy
    Quartz/
    Epoxy
    Quartz/
    Cyanate
    Quartz/
    BMI
    Service temperature/℃ 80 100 170 150
    Dielectric constant 4.23 3.38 3.53 3.58
    Loss tangent 0.018 0.010 0.006 0.0079
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-05-15
  • 录用日期:  2022-05-24
  • 修回日期:  2022-05-20
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-05-27
  • 刊出日期:  2022-09-15

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