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基于生物炭增强的竹纤维/玉米醇溶蛋白复合膜的拉伸性能

魏俞涌 张庆法 李凯 方勇 郭子豪 杨旭枫 盛奎川

魏俞涌, 张庆法, 李凯, 等. 基于生物炭增强的竹纤维/玉米醇溶蛋白复合膜的拉伸性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 39(0): 1-8
引用本文: 魏俞涌, 张庆法, 李凯, 等. 基于生物炭增强的竹纤维/玉米醇溶蛋白复合膜的拉伸性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 39(0): 1-8
Yuyong WEI, Qingfa ZHANG, Kai LI, Yong FANG, Zihao GUO, Xufeng YANG, Kuichuan SHENG. Tensile properties of bamboo fiber/zein composite films based on biochar enhancement[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: Yuyong WEI, Qingfa ZHANG, Kai LI, Yong FANG, Zihao GUO, Xufeng YANG, Kuichuan SHENG. Tensile properties of bamboo fiber/zein composite films based on biochar enhancement[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

基于生物炭增强的竹纤维/玉米醇溶蛋白复合膜的拉伸性能

基金项目: 嘉兴市科技计划项目(2019AY11022);中国博士后科学基金(2021M692807);浙江省自然科学基金(LY22C160003);国家自然科学基金(31971794)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    张庆法,博士后,研究方向为生物质复合材料 E-mail: zhangqingfa@zju.edu.cn

    盛奎川,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为生物质能源与材料 E-mail: kcsheng@zju.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TM332

Tensile properties of bamboo fiber/zein composite films based on biochar enhancement

  • 摘要: 为改善玉米醇溶蛋白(Zein)的拉伸性能,本研究以竹粉为原料制备生物炭,以球磨后的生物炭(0.536 μm)、竹纤维(2.157 μm)为增强相,以Zein为连续相,利用溶液浇注法制备复合膜材料,并对复合膜材料的基本特性与拉伸性能进行了研究。结果表明,生物炭与竹纤维加入没有改变Zein的晶面结构,提高了Zein的无序性,降低了Zein的脆性,提高了Zein的韧性。生物炭的加入降低了竹纤维/Zein复合膜的亲水性,降低了竹纤维/Zein复合膜的热稳定性,改善了竹纤维/Zein复合膜的拉伸性能。相比而言,添加0.2 g竹纤维、0.1 g生物炭的Zein复合膜材料的拉伸性能最佳,其拉伸强度、拉伸模量、断裂伸长率分别为0.24 MPa、4.17 MPa、327.27%。本研究制备的复合膜材料具有较好的拉伸性能,在包装膜材料领域具有一定的应用潜力。

     

  • 图  1  不同玉米醇溶蛋白复合膜样品的XRD曲线

    Figure  1.  XRD curves of different Zein composite films

    图  2  不同玉米醇溶蛋白复合膜样品的FTIR图谱

    Figure  2.  FTIR spectra of different Zein composite films

    图  3  不同玉米醇溶蛋白复合膜样品的微观结构图像

    Figure  3.  SEM images of different Zein composite films

    图  4  不同玉米醇溶蛋白复合膜样品的热性能(a)失重曲线,(b)失重速率曲线,(c)热流量曲线

    Figure  4.  Thermal properties of different Zein composite films (a) weight loss curves, (b) weight loss rate curves, (c) heat flow curves

    图  5  不同玉米醇溶蛋白复合膜样品的拉伸性能

    Figure  5.  Tensile properties of different Zein composite films

    表  1  玉米醇溶蛋白复合膜材料的原料配比(g)

    Table  1.   Raw material ratios of Zein composite films (g)

    SamplesZeinPEGGlyc-
    erol
    Biochar
    (BC)
    Bamboo
    fiber (BF)
    Zein102200
    2wt%BF/Zein102200.2
    1wt%BC-2wt%BF/Zein10220.10.2
    4wt%BF/Zein102200.4
    1wt%BC-4wt%BF/Zein10220.10.4
    6wt%BF/Zein102200.6
    1wt%BC-6wt%BF/Zein10220.10.6
    8wt%BF/Zein102200.8
    1wt%BC-8wt%BF/Zein10220.10.8
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同玉米醇溶蛋白复合膜样品第10 s的接触角(°)

    Table  2.   Contact angles of different Zein composite films at 10 s

    SamplesZein2wt%BF/
    Zein
    1wt%BC-
    2wt%BF/
    Zein
    4wt%BF/
    Zein
    1wt%BC-
    4wt%BF/
    Zein
    6wt%BF/
    Zein
    1wt%BC-
    6wt%BF/
    Zein
    8wt%BF/
    Zein
    1wt%BC-
    8wt%BF/
    Zein
    Left contact angles54.8046.7152.4957.9054.4549.5860.5753.7655.06
    Right contact angles55.2042.0149.4552.5056.3753.0157.9254.6754.96
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同玉米醇溶蛋白复合膜样品的热性能参数(℃)

    Table  3.   Thermal properties parameters of different Zein composite films (℃)

    SamplesZein2wt%BF/
    Zein
    1wt%BC-
    2wt%BF/Zein
    4wt%BF/
    Zein
    1wt%BC-
    4wt%BF/Zein
    6wt%BF/
    Zein
    1wt%BC-
    6wt%BF/Zein
    8wt%BF/
    Zein
    1wt%BC-
    8wt%BF/Zein
    T160.8573.9869.6571.6468.0170.9266.7767.7966.43
    T2132.73135.59150.38147.53141.79150.07148.44152.26148.71
    T3250.84250.38257.28251.91249.16251.27248.80256.65254.92
    T4329.16330.49330.56329.32331.77329.15330.14328.94328.78
    T5135.02157.51155.13169.22151.07153.41149.09152.71150.01
    T6544.17553.26552.49562.11544.83549.76546.78555.34550.15
    Notes: T1~T4 are weight loss rate peaks and T5~T6 are heat flow peaks of different Zein composite films
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-11-09
  • 录用日期:  2021-12-21
  • 修回日期:  2021-11-24
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-01-12

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