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聚吡咯包覆导电炭黑/氧化铟复合材料的制备及其在铅酸电池中的应用

刘飞 陈远强 刘永川 陈素晶 张易宁

刘飞, 陈远强, 刘永川, 等. 聚吡咯包覆导电炭黑/氧化铟复合材料的制备及其在铅酸电池中的应用[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 39(0): 1-11
引用本文: 刘飞, 陈远强, 刘永川, 等. 聚吡咯包覆导电炭黑/氧化铟复合材料的制备及其在铅酸电池中的应用[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 39(0): 1-11
Fei LIU, Yuanqiang CHEN, Yongchuan LIU, Sujing CHEN, Yining ZHANG. Preparation of polypyrrole coated with conductive carbon black/indium oxide composite and its application in lead-acid batteries[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: Fei LIU, Yuanqiang CHEN, Yongchuan LIU, Sujing CHEN, Yining ZHANG. Preparation of polypyrrole coated with conductive carbon black/indium oxide composite and its application in lead-acid batteries[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

聚吡咯包覆导电炭黑/氧化铟复合材料的制备及其在铅酸电池中的应用

基金项目: 中科院STS区域重点项目KFJ-STS-QYZD-2021-09-001,福建省STS计划配套项目(2021T3036、2020T3004、2019T3017、2020T3030),福建省引导性项目(2020H0040),泉州市科技项目(2020G17)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    张易宁,研究员,硕士生/博士生导师,研究方向为储能材料与器件 E-mail: ynzhang@fjirsm.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB3333,TQ152

Preparation of polypyrrole coated with conductive carbon black/indium oxide composite and its application in lead-acid batteries

  • 摘要: 为了改善铅酸电池负极不可逆硫酸盐化及析氢问题,通过原位化学聚合的方法制备导电炭黑/氧化铟表面包覆聚吡咯[PPy@(C/In2O3)]复合材料,采用扫描电镜(SEM)、红外光谱(FTIR)、比表面积测试(BET)和X射线衍射(XRD)等表征手段分别对复合材料的微观形貌和结构进行分析;通过循环伏安法(CV)和线性扫描法(LSV)测试了复合材料的电化学性能。最后,将PPy@(C/In2O3)复合材料添加到铅酸电池负极活性材料中,探究PPy@(C/In2O3)对铅酸电池高倍率部分荷电状态(HRPSoC)循环寿命及放电容量的影响。结果表明:PPy@(C/In2O3)保留了导电炭黑的基本结构特征,具有较大比表面积;同时具有较高析氢过电位及较大比容量。当将PPy@(C/In2O3)复合材料添加到铅酸电池负极活性材料中,不仅可以降低负极板内阻抑制电池的负极硫酸盐化问题,而且可以减弱电池负极析氢问题,在提高铅酸电池放电容量同时,显著提高了铅酸电池高倍率部分荷电状态循环寿命。最终,含有PPy@(C/In2O3)的负极板的铅酸电池显示出了优异的HRPSoC循环寿命,较空白组电池循环寿命提高了1.78倍。

     

  • 图  1  铅酸电池负极板的制备流程图

    Figure  1.  Preparation process of lead-acid battery negative plate

    图  2  (a)铅酸电池极板及AGM隔膜;(b)电池封装;(c)待测电池

    Figure  2.  (a) Lead-acid battery plates and AGM separator; (b) battery encapsulation; (c) test battery

    图  3  铅酸电池的高倍率部分荷电状态循环寿命性能测试程序

    Figure  3.  High-rate partial state-of-charge cycle life performance test program for lead-acid batteries

    Ich—Constant current charging current; Id—Constant current discharge current; SoC—State-of-charge.

    图  4  C(a)、PPy(b)及PPy@(C/In2O3) (c)的SEM照片;PPy@(C/In2O3)的EDS映射分布: C元素(d) and In元素(e)

    Figure  4.  SEM Photoes of C (a), PPy (b) and PPy@(C/In2O3) (c); EDS mapping of the obtained PPy@(C/In2O3): C (d) and In (e)

    图  5  PPy@(C/In2O3)、PPy和C的氮气吸附/脱附等温曲线

    Figure  5.  BET of PPy@(C/In2O3)、 PPy and C

    图  6  (a) PPy@(C/In2O3)、PPy和C的红外图谱;(b) PPy@(C/In2O3)、PPy、C及In2O3的XRD图谱

    Figure  6.  (a) FTIR spectra of PPy@(C/In2O3), PPy and C; (b) XRD pattern of PPy@(C/In2O3), PPy, C, In2O3

    图  7  10 mV/s扫速下−0.8 ~ 0.0 V电压范围内EC、EPPy@(C/In2O3)及EPPy的循环伏安曲线

    Figure  7.  CV curves from −0.8 to 0.0 V at a scan rate of 10 mV/s of EC, EPPy@(C/In2O3), EPPy

    图  8  5 mV/s扫速下−1.6 ~ −1.1 V电压范围内EC、EPPy@(C/In2O3)及EPPy的线性扫描伏安曲线

    Figure  8.  LSV curves from −1.6 to −1.1 V at a scan rate of 5 mV/s of EC, EPPy@(C/In2O3), EPPy

    图  9  分别添加C(a)、PPy(b)及PPy@(C/In2O3)(c)负极板活性物质微观结构

    Figure  9.  Added C (a), PPy (b) and PPy@(C/In2O3) (c) negative plate active material microstructure respectively

    图  10  (a),(b)LPPy@(C/In2O3)、LPPy及LC的Nyquist图

    Figure  10.  (a), (b) Nyquist plots of test batteries. of LPPy@(C/In2O3), LPPy and LC

    图  11  LPPy@(C/In2O3)、LPPy及LC在0.1 C倍率下的放电容量曲线

    Figure  11.  Constant current discharge of LPPy@(C/In2O3), LPPy and LC at 0.1 C

    图  12  LPPy@(C/In2O3)、LPPy及LC充放电电压在1 C条件下随HRPSoC循环寿命的变化

    Figure  12.  Change of end-of-charge/discharge voltage as a function of the HRPSoC cycle life for LPPy@(C/In2O3), LPPy and LC at 1 C

    图  13  LC(a)、LPPy(b)及LPPy@(C/In2O3)(c)HRPSoC循环测试结束后负极板的SEM照片

    Figure  13.  SEM Photoes of negative plates after the HRPSoC cycle of LC (a), LPPy(b) and LPPy@(C/In2O3) (c)

    图  14  LPPy@(C/In2O3)、LPPy及LC HRPSoC循环测试结束后负极板的XRD分析

    Figure  14.  XRD spectra of negative plates of LPPy@(C/In2O3), LPPy and LC after the HRPSoC cycle

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-08
  • 录用日期:  2021-12-04
  • 修回日期:  2021-11-26
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-01-14

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