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变角度缠绕成型复合材料传动轴的扭转特性及其失效机制

余木火 施涵 余许多 戚亮亮 闵伟 孙泽玉

余木火, 施涵, 余许多, 等. 变角度缠绕成型复合材料传动轴的扭转特性及其失效机制[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 39(0): 1-12
引用本文: 余木火, 施涵, 余许多, 等. 变角度缠绕成型复合材料传动轴的扭转特性及其失效机制[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 39(0): 1-12
Muhuo YU, Han SHI, Xuduo YU, Liangliang QI, Wei MIN, Zeyu SUN. Torsional characteristics and failure mechanism of composite drive shafts formed by variable-angle winding[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: Muhuo YU, Han SHI, Xuduo YU, Liangliang QI, Wei MIN, Zeyu SUN. Torsional characteristics and failure mechanism of composite drive shafts formed by variable-angle winding[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

变角度缠绕成型复合材料传动轴的扭转特性及其失效机制

基金项目: 上海市“科技创新行动计划”高新技术领域项目(19511106601;19511106703);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2232020G-12);国家新材料生产与应用示范平台建设项目(CLPT-2019-0016)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    孙泽玉,博士,硕士生导师,研究方向为先进复合材料高效低成本成型及其在汽车轻量化中的应用 E-mail: sunzeyu@dhu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB332; V214.8

Torsional characteristics and failure mechanism of composite drive shafts formed by variable-angle winding

  • 摘要: 基于非测地线缠绕和纤维滑移理论,提出采用非测地线缠绕成型一体化复合材料传动轴。设计了多组不同比例纤维变角度过渡区复合材料传动轴,并利用有限元分析和扭转实验深入研究了传动轴的扭转性能及其失效机理。结果表明,含有的变角度过渡区比例越大,传动轴扭转性能越好,过渡区从20%提高到80%,传动轴的失效载荷提高111%,峰值载荷提高90.7%。随着过渡区占比的提高,屈曲形变导致的损伤失效得到有效缓解,损伤扩展角度降低了54.5%。结合有限元仿真和扭转实验分析可知,过渡区纤维角度的增加抑制了屈曲形变,减少了分层损伤带来的界面上力学传导失效,提高了轴管承载能力。

     

  • 图  1  复合材料传动轴结构

    Figure  1.  The structure of composite drive shaft

    图  2  传统复合材料传动轴中的返回区

    Figure  2.  Return region in traditional composite drive shaft

    图  3  缠绕过程中返回区中的丝束移动

    Figure  3.  The movement of the tow at return region during the winding process

    图  4  复合材料传动轴过渡区示意图

    Figure  4.  Schematic diagram of composite drive shaft with transition zone

    图  5  非测地线缠绕实现缠绕角度变化

    Figure  5.  Non-geodesic method to realize variable angle winding

    图  6  缠绕制备复合材料传动轴

    Figure  6.  The filament winding process of composite drive shaft

    图  7  复合材料传动轴过渡区设计

    Figure  7.  Design of transition zone of composite drive shaft

    图  8  含过渡区的变角度缠绕复合材料轴管的角度-轴向距离关系曲线

    Figure  8.  Angle-axial distance relationship curve of variable-angle winding composite tube with transition zone

    图  9  复合材料传动轴装配图

    Figure  9.  composite drive shaft assembly drawing

    图  10  复合材料传动轴有限元模型

    Figure  10.  Model of FEA of composite drive shaft

    图  11  不同过渡区占比的复合材料传动轴扭矩-角度关系

    Figure  11.  Torque–twisting angle relations of composite drive shaft with different proportions of transition zone

    图  12  不同过渡区占比的复合材料传动轴初始损伤载荷和失效载荷

    Figure  12.  Initial damage load and failure load of composite drive shaft with different proportions of transition zone

    图  13  不同过渡区占比的复合材料传动轴扭转损伤扩展角度及其占比

    Figure  13.  Torsional damage propagation angle and percentage of composite drive shaft with different proportions of transition zone

    图  14  复合材料传动轴有限元及试验扭转破坏对比(a)、复合材料轴管扭转屈曲的第一模态[10](b)

    Figure  14.  Comparison of torsion failure of composite drive shaft between finite element analysis and experiment (a), the first mode of torsional buckling of the composite tube[10] (b)

    图  15  复合材料传动轴样品横截面的扭转失效

    Figure  15.  Torsional damage of composite drive shaft sample at middle cross-section

    图  16  含过渡区的变角度缠绕复合材料轴管扭矩-角度曲线

    Figure  16.  Torque-angle curve of variable-angle winding composite tube with transition zone

    图  17  A轴有限元分析结果:(a) Q点;(b) P点

    Figure  17.  Finite element analysis results of sample A: (a) Point Q; (b) Point Q

    图  18  不同过渡区占比复合材料传动轴管的扭转失效与有限元分析:(a) 20%; (b) 40%; (c) 60%; (d) 80%

    Figure  18.  Torsional failure and finite element analysis of composite shaft with different transition zones: (a) 20%; (b) 40%; (c) 60%; (d) 80%

    图  19  Q点的损伤初始角的有限元分析值和实际值

    Figure  19.  The FEA value and experimental value of the damage initial angle at Q point

    表  1  不同缠绕工艺参数的变角度缠绕稳定性

    Table  1.   Angle-variable winding stability of different parameters in filament winding process

    Winding angle/(°)55453525155

    Proportion/%
    20××
    40×
    60×
    80
    Interval angle/(°)10××××
    7×××
    5××
    3×
    2
    1
    Initial angle/(°)65××
    70×
    75××
    80×××
    Notes: □-Without slip, ×-Slip
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  实验变量设置

    Table  2.   Setting of variable in the experiments

    SamplePly anglesProportion/%Thickness/mm
    A[±25°]4202.20
    B402.25
    C602.29
    D802.25
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  T700SC 12K碳纤维/ BAC-172环氧树脂复合材料的有限元参数

    Table  3.   FEA parameters of T700SC 12K carbon fiber/BAC-172 epoxy resin composites

    ParameterValue
    Xt/Yt /MPa1632/34
    E1t/E2t /GPa123/7.8
    υ12/υ130.27
    υ230.42
    Xc/Yc /MPa704/68
    G12 /GPa3.8
    G13/G23 /GPa5.0
    τ12 /MPa55
    τ13/τ23 /MPa80
    Notes: E1t, E2t—Tensile elastic modulus; υ12,υ13,υ23—Poisson’s ratio; G12,G13,G23—Shear modulus; Xt —Longitudinal tensile strength;Xc —Longitudinal compressive strength; Yt —Transverse tensile strength; Yc —Transverse compressive strength; τ12 —Longitudinal shear strength; τ12/τ13 —Transverse shear strength
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-28
  • 录用日期:  2021-12-16
  • 修回日期:  2021-12-15
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-01-12

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