留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

多糖-植物蜡-纳米二氧化硅防水防油包装纸制备与性能

朱瑞丰 龙柱 覃程荣 吕文志 郑辉 王志英

朱瑞丰, 龙柱, 覃程荣, 等. 多糖-植物蜡-纳米二氧化硅防水防油包装纸制备与性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-12
引用本文: 朱瑞丰, 龙柱, 覃程荣, 等. 多糖-植物蜡-纳米二氧化硅防水防油包装纸制备与性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-12
Ruifeng ZHU, Zhu LONG, Chengrong QING, Wenzhi LV, Hui ZHENG, Zhiying WANG. Preparation and performance of water and oil-resistant packaging paper based on polysaccharide-vegetable wax-nano-SiO2[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: Ruifeng ZHU, Zhu LONG, Chengrong QING, Wenzhi LV, Hui ZHENG, Zhiying WANG. Preparation and performance of water and oil-resistant packaging paper based on polysaccharide-vegetable wax-nano-SiO2[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

多糖-植物蜡-纳米二氧化硅防水防油包装纸制备与性能

基金项目: 广西大学清洁化制浆造纸与污染控制重点实验室开放基金资助项目(2019 KF03); 贵州省科技厅科技支撑计划项目(20192860); 贵州省教育厅普通高等学校科技拔尖人才支持计划项目(2018079)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    龙柱, 博士, 教授, 主要从事高性能纸基功能材料、生物基化学品和生物质综合利用方面的研究 E-mail: longzhu@jiangnan.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB332

Preparation and performance of water and oil-resistant packaging paper based on polysaccharide-vegetable wax-nano-SiO2

Funds: Open Foundation for Key Laboratory of Clean Pulp and Paper And Pollution Control, Guangxi University (2019 KF03); Science and Technology Support Program of Science and Technology Department of Guizhou Province (20192860); Top Science and Technology Talents Support Program of Guizhou Provincial Education Department (2018079)
  • 摘要: 随着社会的发展,人们对无毒环保食品包装材料的需求不断增加。现阶段,兼顾防水防油性能的无氟食品包装纸研究较少。本研究以壳聚糖溶液与海藻酸钠溶液为原料,通过阿魏酸交联制备复合防油剂,并涂布在食品包装原纸上,制备防油纸;然后以巴西棕榈蜡与纳米二氧化硅为原料,制备复合防水剂,采用浸渍的方法,制备防水防油纸,探究不同配比及涂布量对纸张防水防油效果与纸张性能的影响。结果表明:当壳聚糖与海藻酸钠复配比例为8∶2,涂布量为4 g/m2时,防油纸可达到最高防油等级(12级);当巴西棕榈蜡与纳米二氧化硅复配比为4∶3,浸渍量为3 g/m2时,纸张Cobb值为5.93 g/m2,水接触角为158.40°,显著提升了原纸的防油性能与防水性能。此外,与未涂布纸相比,防水防油纸的抗张强度提升了30%,透气度下降了60%。本论文制备工艺简单,原材料无氟环保,纸张防水防油性能较好,有望在食品包装得到应用。

     

  • 图  1  多糖-植物蜡-纳米二氧化硅(CS-SA-CW-HSNPs)防水防油纸制备流程

    Figure  1.  Preparation process of polysaccharide-vegetable wax-nano-SiO2 (CS-SA-CW-HSNPs) water and oil-resistant paper

    图  2  (a)不同浸渍量CW-HSNPs防水纸Cobb值与水接触角; (b)不同比例CS-SA防油涂层黏度

    Figure  2.  Cobb value and WCA of CW-HSNPs water-resistant paper with different dipping amounts(a) and viscosity of CS-SA oil-resistant coating with different ratios(b)

    图  3  (a)不同比例CS-SA防油纸防油等级;(b)涂布量对纸张防油性能影响

    Figure  3.  Oil resistance grade of CS-SA oil-resistant paper with different rations(a) and influence of coating amounts on oil resistance of paper(b)

    图  4  不同比例防水防油纸的厚度(a)、透气度(b)、抗张强度(c);(d)原纸与防水防油纸润湿性能

    Figure  4.  Thickness (a), air permeability (b), tensile strength (c) of different rations of water and oil-resistant paper; (d) wetting properties of base paper and water and oil-resistant paper

    图  5  原纸、防油纸、防水防油纸水蒸气透过率(a)与油脂吸收率(b)

    Figure  5.  WVTR(a) and oil absorption rate(b) of base paper, oil-resistant paper and water and oil-resistant paper

    图  6  原纸、防油纸、防水防油纸FTIR光谱

    Figure  6.  FTIR spectra of base paper, oil-resistant paper and water and oil-resistant paper

    图  7  原纸、防油纸、防水防油纸SEM图像

    Figure  7.  SEM image of base paper, oil-resistant paper and water and oil-resistant paper

    ((a) Uncoated paper; (b) Oil-resistant paper; (c) Water and oil-resistant paper; (d-f) Corresponding sectional view)

    图  8  原纸、防油纸、防水防油纸AFM图像

    Figure  8.  AFM image of base paper, oil-resistant paper and water and oil-resistant paper

    ((a) Uncoated paper; (b) Oil-resistant paper; (c) Water and oil-resistant paper; (d-f) Corresponding sectional view)

    图  9  原纸、防油纸、防水防油纸TG曲线(a)与DTG曲线(b)

    Figure  9.  TG (a) and DTG (b) curve of base paper, oil-resistant paper and water and oil-resistant paper

    图  10  大豆油、薯条、可乐对防水防油纸的渗透效果

    Figure  10.  Penetration effect of soybean oil, french fries and cola on water and oil-resistant paper ((a、c、e) Uncoated paper; (b、d、f) Water and oil-resistant paper)

    表  1  测试液体表面能($ {\gamma }_{l} $)极性分量($ {\gamma }_{l}^{h} $)与色散分量($ {\gamma }_{l}^{d} $)

    Table  1.   The dispersion component($ {\gamma }_{l}^{d} $)and polar component($ {\gamma }_{l}^{h} $)of the surface energy($ {\gamma }_{l} $)in the test liquid

    Liquid$ {\gamma }_{l}^{d} $/
    (J·m−2)
    $ {\gamma }_{l}^{h} $ /
    (J·m−2)
    $ {\gamma }_{l} $/
    (J·m−2)
    H2O0.02180.05100.0728
    CH2I20.04850.00230.0508
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  CW-HSNPs工艺探究

    Table  2.   CW-HSNPs Process research results

    SampleCW/
    %
    HSNPs/
    %
    Cobb/
    (g·m−2)
    WCA/
    (°)
    CW-HSNPs-11.01.011.22140.20
    CW-HSNPs-21.01.58.86147.60
    CW-HSNPs-31.02.07.70150.30
    CW-HSNPs-42.01.08.39148.40
    CW-HSNPs-52.01.55.93158.40
    CW-HSNPs-62.02.05.86158.60
    CW-HSNPs-73.01.08.29148.50
    CW-HSNPs-83.01.55.90158.50
    CW-HSNPs-93.02.05.84158.60
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  未涂布纸与涂布纸表面能($ {\gamma }_{l} $)中极性分量($ {\gamma }_{l}^{h} $)与色散分量($ {\gamma }_{l}^{d} $)

    Table  3.   The polar component($ {\gamma }_{l}^{h} $)and dispersion component($ {\gamma }_{l}^{d} $)of the surface energy($ {\gamma }_{l} $)of uncoated and coated paper

    Sample$ {\gamma }_{l}^{d} $/
    (J·m−2)
    $ {\gamma }_{l}^{h} $/
    (J·m−2)
    $ {\gamma }_{l} $/
    (J·m−2)
    Uncoated0.03740.01300.0504
    Coated0.01640.00900.0254
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 张雪, 张红杰, 程芸, 等. 纸基包装材料的研究进展、应用现状及展望[J]. 中国造纸, 2020, 39(11):53-69.

    ZHANG X, ZHANG H J, CHENG Y, et al. Research progress, application status and prospect of paper-based packaging materials[J]. China Pulp & Paper,2020,39(11):53-69(in Chinese).
    [2] 徐冰冰, 杨国超, 张求慧. 纸质食品包装材料防水防油改性的研究进展[J]. 包装工程, 2021, 42(3):107-115.

    XU B B, YANG G C, ZHANG Q H. Research progress on waterproof and oil-proof modification of paper food packaging materials[J]. Packaging Engi-neering,2021,42(3):107-115(in Chinese).
    [3] 徐红霞. 抗水性防油纸的研磨装置[J]. 中华纸业, 2019, 40(16):69-71.

    XU H X. Grinding device for water- and oil-repellent paper[J]. China Pulp and Paper Industry,2019,40(16):69-71(in Chinese).
    [4] AGRILLO B, BALESTRIERI M, GOGLIETTINO M, et al. Functionalized Polymeric Materials with Bio-derived Antimicrobial Peptides for "Active" Packaging[J]. International Journal of Molecular Sciences,2019,20(3):1-13.
    [5] 王红军. 碳-6有机氟防油剂在防油纸生产中的应用研究[J]. 中华纸业, 2019, 40(14):20. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1007-9211.2019.14.010

    WANG H J. A study on the application of C6 organic fluorine anti-grease agent in the production of grease-proofing paper[J]. China Pulp and Paper Industry,2019,40(14):20(in Chinese). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1007-9211.2019.14.010
    [6] 薛亿娇, 华飞果, 张红杰, 等. 功能型纸基包装材料的应用现状和发展趋势[J]. 中国造纸, 2020, 39(11):70-77.

    XUE Y J, HUA F G, ZHANG H J, et al. Development of Functional Paper-based Packaging Materials: A Review[J]. China Pulp & Paper,2020,39(11):70-77(in Chinese).
    [7] 邵平, 于江, 陈杭君, 等. 食品包装涂布纸生物聚合物基质分类及应用[J]. 食品与发酵工业, 2020, 46(2):286-292.

    SHAO P, YU J, CHEN H J, et al. Classification and application of biopolymer matrix for food packaging coated paper[J]. Food and Fermentation Industry,2020,46(2):286-292(in Chinese).
    [8] 陈通, 盛杰, 谢俊贤, 等. 涂布型食品防油防溶剂纸的制备与表征[J]. 包装工程, 2020, 41(7):98-106.

    CHEN T, SHENG J, XIE J X, et al. Preparation and Characterization of Grease-proof and Solvent-proof Food Wrapper[J]. Packaging Engineering,2020,41(7):98-106(in Chinese).
    [9] 邱格, 陈港, 魏渊, 等. 基于多层涂布工艺的高阻隔透明纸基材料的制备与性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022:1-10.

    QIU G, CHEN G, WEI Y, et al. Preparation and performance of high-barrier transparent paper-based materials via multi-coating technology[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica,2022:1-10(in Chinese).
    [10] KANSAL D, HAMDANI S S, PING R, et al. Food-safe chitosan zein dual-layer coating for water- and oil-repellent paper substrates[J]. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering,2020,8(17):6887-6897.
    [11] FILIPPO M F D, PANZAVOLTA S, ALBERTINI B, et a1. Functional properties of chitosan films modified by snail mucus extract[J]. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules,2020,143:126-135. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.11.230
    [12] LI X Y, DU X L, LIU Y, et a1. Rhubarb extract incorporated into an alginate-based edible coating for peach preservation[J]. Scientia Horticulturae,2019,257:108685. doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2019.108685
    [13] SUN L, SUN J, CHEN L, et al. Preparation and characterization of chitosan film incorporated with thinned young apple polyphenols as an active packaging material[J]. Carbohydrate Polymers,2017,163:81-91. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.01.016
    [14] LI K J, ZHU J X, GUAN G L, et al. Preparation of chitosan-sodium alginate films through layer-by-layer assembly and ferulic acid crosslinking: Film properties, characterization, and formation mech-anism[J]. International Journal of Biological Macrom-olecules,2019,122:485-492. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.10.188
    [15] FREITAS C A S D, SOUSA P H M D, SOARES D J, et al. Carnauba wax uses in food – A review[J]. Food Chemistry,2019,291:38-48. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.03.133
    [16] 何淑婷, 刘宝春. 纳米二氧化硅改性及其应用研究进展[J]. 材料研究与应用, 2016, 10(2):71-74. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9981.2016.02.001

    HE S T, Liu B C. Research progress on nano-silica modification and its application[J]. Materials Research and Application,2016,10(2):71-74(in Chinese). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9981.2016.02.001
    [17] TURAN D, GUNES G, KILIC A. Perspectives of Bio-nanocomposites for Food Packaging Applications[J]. Berlin:Springer International Publishing,2018:1-7.
    [18] 中华人民共和国国家质量监督检验检疫总局. 纸和纸板吸水性的测定 可勃法: GB/T 1540—2002[S]. 北京: 中国标准出版社, 2002.

    General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China. Paper and board-Determination of water absorption Cobb method: GB/T 1540—2002[S]. Beijing: Standards Press of China, 2002 (in Chinese).
    [19] 国家市场监督管理总局中国国家标准化管理委员会. 纸和纸板抗张强度的测定 恒速拉伸法(20 mm/min): GB/T12914—2018[S]. 北京, 中国标准出版社, 2018.

    State Administration for Market Regulation Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China. Paper and Board-Determination of Tensile Properties-Constant rate of Elongation Method(20 mm/min): GB/T12914—2018[S]. Beijing: Standards Press of China, 2018 (in Chinese).
    [20] 李路海. 涂布复合技术[M]. 北京: 印刷工业出版社, 2011, 27-28.

    LI L H, Coating Composite Technology, Printing Industry Press, Beijing, 2011, 27-28 (in Chinese).
    [21] 中华人民共和国工业和信息化部. 中性包装纸: QB/T1313—2010[S]. 北京, 中国标准出版社, 2010.

    Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China. Neutral wrapping paper : QB/T1313—2010[S]. Beijing: Standards Press of China (in Chinese).
    [22] 王敏良, 周晓光, 洛华英, 等. 一种白色耐水防油纸的制备方法[P]. 中国专利, ZL 202010317510.7, 2020-09-08.

    WANG M L, ZHOU X G, LUO H Y, et al. A kind of preparation method of white waterproof and greaseproof paper[p]. Chinese patent, ZL 202010317510.7, 2020-09-08 (in Chinese).
    [23] 沈思蔚, 王玥, 曾渊博, 等. 海藻酸钠/壳聚糖/苹果多酚复合膜制备及研究[J]. 塑料工业, 2021, 49(11):157-161+172. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1005-5770.2021.11.033

    SHEN S W, WANG Y, ZENG Y B, et al. Preparation and study of sodium alginate/chitosan/apple polyphenol composite membrane[J]. Plastic Industry,2021,49(11):157-161+172(in Chinese). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1005-5770.2021.11.033
    [24] LI C, LI J. Preparation of chitosan-ferulic acid conjugate: Structure characterization and in the application of pharmaceuticals[J]. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules,2017,105(2):1539-1543.
    [25] LIU J, Liu S, Wu Q, et al. Effect of protocatechuic acid incorporation on the physical, mechanical, structural and antioxidant properties of chitosan film[J]. Food Hydrocoll,2017,3:90-100.
    [26] LIU J, LIU S, CHEN Y, et al. Physical, mechanical and antioxidant properties of chitosan films grafted with different hydroxybenzoic acids[J]. Food Hydrocoll,2017,71:176-186. doi: 10.1016/j.foodhyd.2017.05.019
    [27] 李桂华, 杨颖, 聂留俊, 等. 棕榈蜡的组成和热分解特性分析[J]. 现代食品科技, 2013, 29(12):2855-2859.

    LI G H, YANG Y, NIE L J, et al. Analysis of composition and thermal decomposition characteristics of palm wax[J]. Modern Food Science and Technology,2013,29(12):2855-2859(in Chinese).
    [28] HASAN A, PANDEY L M. Kinetic studies of attachment and re-orientation of octyltriethoxysilane for formation of self-assembled monolayer on a silica substratemater[J]. Sci. Eng. , C,2016,68:423-429. doi: 10.1016/j.msec.2016.06.003
    [29] JING X, LI X, JIANG Y F, et al, Excellent coating of collagen fiber/chitosan-based materials that is water- and oil-resistant and fluorine-free[J], Carbohydrate Polymers, 2021, 266: 118962.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  34
  • HTML全文浏览量:  24
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-04-28
  • 录用日期:  2022-06-11
  • 修回日期:  2022-06-03
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-06-29

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回