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石墨烯增强FeSiAl-MoS2/PLA复合材料吸波性能

叶喜葱 杨超 欧阳宾 高琦 吴海华 何恩义 叶永盛

叶喜葱, 杨超, 欧阳宾, 等. 石墨烯增强FeSiAl-MoS2/PLA复合材料吸波性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(待排刊): 1-18
引用本文: 叶喜葱, 杨超, 欧阳宾, 等. 石墨烯增强FeSiAl-MoS2/PLA复合材料吸波性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(待排刊): 1-18
Xicong YE, Chao YANG, Bin OUYANG, Qi GAO, Haihua WU, Enyi HE, Yongsheng YE. Graphene-enhanced electromagnetic wave absorbing properties of FeSiAl-MoS2/PLA composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: Xicong YE, Chao YANG, Bin OUYANG, Qi GAO, Haihua WU, Enyi HE, Yongsheng YE. Graphene-enhanced electromagnetic wave absorbing properties of FeSiAl-MoS2/PLA composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

石墨烯增强FeSiAl-MoS2/PLA复合材料吸波性能

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(51575313);三峡大学 石墨增材制造技术与装备湖北省工程研究中心(HRCGAM202101)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    叶喜葱,博士,教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为先进材料成形制造;E-mail: yexc@ctgu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB333

Graphene-enhanced electromagnetic wave absorbing properties of FeSiAl-MoS2/PLA composites

  • 摘要: 多元材料复合是制备轻质、宽频和强吸收吸波材料的有效方法。以聚乳酸(PLA)为基体,FeSiAl,MoS2和石墨烯(GN)为填料,通过球磨和熔融挤出两步法制备了可用于熔融沉积成形(FDM)的FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA复合材料。采用XRD,拉曼光谱,SEM和矢量网络分析仪分别对复合材料的物相结构、微观形貌和电磁特性进行了表征,并研究了石墨烯含量对复合材料吸波性能的影响。研究表明:石墨烯,FeSiAl和MoS2随机分散在PLA基体中,形成了复杂的导电网络;多元材料复合构筑了丰富的介电/磁异质界面,有利于促进界面极化;当石墨烯含量增加时,复合材料的吸波性能随之增强,当石墨烯含量为5wt%时,复合材料的吸波性能最佳,在厚度为1.7 mm时最小反射损耗为−27.90 dB,在厚度为1.9 mm时有效吸收带宽为4.96 GHz(12.64~17.60 GHz)。其优异的吸波性能归因于良好的阻抗匹配以及介电损耗和磁损耗之间的协同作用。

     

  • 图  1  FeSiAl的物理性能:(a)粒径分布;(a)磁滞回线

    Figure  1.  Physical properties of FeSiAl: (a) Particle size distribution; (b) Hysteresis loop

    图  2  复合粉末的堆积密度

    Figure  2.  Bulk density of composite powders

    图  3  (a)FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA复合线材;(b)测试用同轴环

    Figure  3.  (a) FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA composite filaments; (b) Coaxial rings for testing

    图  4  FeSiAl-MoS2/PLA复合材料的反射损耗曲线:(a)26%FSA-4%MS/PLA;(b)22%FSA-8%MS/PLA;(c)18%FSA-12%MS/PLA

    Figure  4.  Reflection loss curves of FeSiAl-MoS2/PLA composites: (a)26%FSA-4%MS/PLA; (b)22%FSA-8%MS/PLA; (c)18%FSA-12%MS/PLA

    图  5  FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA复合材料的结构表征:(a)XRD图谱;(b)Raman光谱

    Figure  5.  Structural Characterizations of FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA Composites: (a) XRD patterns; (b) Raman Spectrums

    图  6  三种吸波剂的SEM图:(a)FeSiAl;(b)MoS2;(c)石墨烯

    Figure  6.  SEM images of three absorbers: (a) FeSiAl; (b) MoS2; (c) Graphene

    图  7  FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA复合材料的SEM图:(a)22%FSA-8%MS/PLA;(b)22%FSA-8%MS-3%GN/PLA;(c)22%FSA-8%MS-4%GN/PLA;(d)22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA。(e、f)22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA的EDS图谱

    Figure  7.  The SEM images of FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA composites: (a) 22%FSA-8%MS/PLA; (b) 22%FSA-8%MS-3%GN/PLA; (c) 22%FSA-8%MS-4%GN/PLA; (d) 22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA. (e、f) EDS mapping of 22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA

    图  8  FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA复合材料的电磁参数:(a)复介电常数实部;(b)复介电常数虚部;(c)介电损耗角正切;(d)复磁导率实部;(e)复磁导率虚部;(f)磁损耗角正切

    Figure  8.  Electromagnetic parameters of FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA composites: (a) real part of complex permittivity; (b) imaginary part of complex permittivity; (c) dielectric loss tangent; (d) real complex permeability part; (e) imaginary part of complex permeability; (f) magnetic loss tangent

    9b  FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA复合材料的反射损耗曲线图与3 D颜色映射曲面图:(a、b)22%FSA-8%MS/PLA;(c、d)22%FSA-8%MS-3%GN/PLA;(e、f)22%FSA-8%MS-4%GN/PLA;(g、h)22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA

    9b.  Reflection loss curves and 3 D color mapping surfaces of FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA composites: (a、b) 22%FSA-8%MS/PLA; (c、d) 22%FSA-8%MS-3%GN/PLA; (e、f) 22%FSA-8%MS-4%GN/PLA; (g、h) 22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA

    图  10  22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA在不同厚度时的有效吸收带宽

    Figure  10.  Effective absorption bandwidth of 22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA composite material in different thicknesses

    图  11  本文中吸波材料与文献中填充量相近的吸波材料吸波性能对比[39-47]

    Figure  11.  Comparison of the absorbing properties of the absorbing material in this paper with the absorbing materials with similar filling amount in other literatures[39-47]

    EAB- effective absorption bandwidth (RL≤-10 dB); rGO or RGO-Reduced graphene oxide; BNSF- BaNd0.2Sm0.2Fe11.6O19; ZNCF- Co-doped ZnNi ferrite; PANI- Polyaniline; CNT-Carbon Nanotubes; WPC/MNPs- Porous carbon/magnetic nanoparticles composite; GN- Graphene

    图  12  (a)FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA复合材料厚度为2.0 mm时的阻抗匹配特性和(b)衰减常数;(c)22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA复合材料的反射损耗、阻抗匹配和衰减常数的对应关系图

    Figure  12.  (a) The impedance matching characteristics in the 2.0 mm and (b) Attenuation constants of FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA composites; (c) Correspondence diagram of reflection loss, impedance matching and attenuation constant of 22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA composite

    图  13  FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA复合材料的Colo-Colo曲线:(a)22%FSA-8%MS/PLA;(b)22%FSA-8%MS-3%GN/PLA;(c)22%FSA-8%MS-4%GN/PLA;(d)22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA

    Figure  13.  Colo-Colo curves of FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA composites: (a) 22%FSA-8%MS/PLA; (b) 22%FSA-8%MS-3%GN/PLA; (c) 22%FSA-8%MS-4%GN/PLA; (d) 22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA

    图  14  FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA复合材料的电导率

    Figure  14.  Conductivity of FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA composites

    图  15  (a)FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA复合材料的C0值;(b)22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA的四分之一波长模型

    Figure  15.  (a) C0 values of FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA composites; (b) Quarter-wavelength model of 22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA composite

    图  16  FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA复合材料中的电磁波衰减过程示意图

    Figure  16.  The schematic illustration of the electromagnetic wave attenuation process in the FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/PLA composites.

    表  1  FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/聚乳酸(PLA)复合材料的成分

    Table  1.   Ingredients of FeSiAl-MoS2-GN/ polylactic acid (PLA) Composites

    Sample No.Mass fraction/wt%
    GNFeSiAlMoS2PLA
    26%FSA-4%MS/PLA026470
    22%FSA-8%MS/PLA022870
    18%FSA-12%MS/PLA0181270
    22%FSA-8%MS-3%GN/PLA322867
    22%FSA-8%MS-4%GN/PLA422866
    22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA522865
    Notes: FSA- FeSiAl; MS- MoS2; GN- Graphene.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  近五年文献中报道的FeSiAl复合材料与本文制备的复合材料吸波性能对比

    Table  2.   Comparison of the absorbing properties of FeSiAl composites reported in the literature in the past five years and the composites prepared in this paper

    MaterialsLoadingMatrixRlmin (Thickness)EABRef.
    FeSiAl/ nitrides50 wt%Paraffin−34.50 dB (2.50 mm)8.11 GHz[5]
    FeSiAl/MgO80 wt%Paraffin−33.00 dB (1.50 mm)4.93 GHz[6]
    FeSiAl@SiO280 wt%Paraffin−21.40 dB (2.10 mm)3.80 GHz[7]
    FeSiAl@SiO2@C80 wt%Paraffin−46.75 dB (3.50 mm)7.73 GHz[9]
    FeSiAl hollow microspheres60 wt%Paraffin−22.10 dB (5.00 mm)3.30 GHz[29]
    FeSiAl@C50 wt%Paraffin−15.68 dB (4.00 mm)2.00 GHz[30]
    FeSiAl/rGO/Al2O35 wt%Al2O3−35.42 dB (1.40 mm)1.12 GHz[31]
    FeSiAl/MnZnFe2O480 wt%Paraffin−16.50 dB (1.50 mm)4.60 GHz[32]
    Flaky FeSiAl/MnZnFe2O480 wt%Paraffin−24.30 dB (1.50 mm)3.60 GHz[33]
    Flakey FeSiAl/NiZnFe2O460 wt%Paraffin−29.20 dB (2.50 mm)4.00 GHz[34]
    FeSiAl/ZnO/epoxy resin55 wt%Epoxy−40.50 dB (2.20 mm)3.50 GHz[35]
    FeSiAl@ZnO2@Al2O380 wt%Paraffin−50.60 dB (3.72 mm)1.50 GHz[36]
    FeSiAl@SiO2@PUA80 wt%Paraffin−49.00 dB (4.50 mm)7.80 GHz[37]
    FeSiAl@Al2O3@SiO280 wt%Paraffin−46.29 dB (2.50 mm)7.33 GHz[38]
    22%FSA-8%MS-4%GN/PLA34 wt%PLA−15.24 dB (1.60 mm)3.12 GHzThis work
    22%FSA-8%MS-5%GN/PLA35 wt%PLA−27.90 dB (1.70 mm)4.96 GHzThis work
    Notes: EAB- effective absorption bandwidth (RL≤-10 dB); PUA- Polyurethane-Acrylic; GN- Graphene.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-01-14
  • 录用日期:  2022-04-06
  • 修回日期:  2022-04-02
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-30

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