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黑磷改性聚醚醚酮复合涂层的摩擦学性能

赵省良 高原 舒晨 王伟

赵省良, 高原, 舒晨, 等. 黑磷改性聚醚醚酮复合涂层的摩擦学性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(6): 3379-3388 doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220809.007
引用本文: 赵省良, 高原, 舒晨, 等. 黑磷改性聚醚醚酮复合涂层的摩擦学性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2023, 40(6): 3379-3388 doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220809.007
ZHAO Shengliang, GAO Yuan, SHU Chen, WANG Wei. Tribological properties of PEEK-based composite coatings modified with black phosphorus[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(6): 3379-3388. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220809.007
Citation: ZHAO Shengliang, GAO Yuan, SHU Chen, WANG Wei. Tribological properties of PEEK-based composite coatings modified with black phosphorus[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2023, 40(6): 3379-3388. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220809.007

黑磷改性聚醚醚酮复合涂层的摩擦学性能

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20220809.007
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金青年科学基金(52005386)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    高原,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为自润滑材料 E-mail: yuan-gao@xauat.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB332

Tribological properties of PEEK-based composite coatings modified with black phosphorus

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China for Young People (52005386)
  • 摘要: 高性能涂料聚醚醚酮(PEEK)广泛应用于航空航天、机械化工等领域,工业发展对PEEK自润滑性能提出更高要求。以新型二维材料黑磷(BP)为填料,通过浆料刷涂工艺制备了黑磷改性聚醚醚酮自润滑复合涂层,并探究了不同添加比例BP/PEEK复合涂层的显微组织、硬度和摩擦磨损性能。结果表明,黑磷的引入导致涂层粗糙度增加,致密性降低。显微硬度先提高后降低,在1wt% BP时达到的最大值27.2 HV。黑磷发挥了良好的减摩作用,使涂层摩擦系数由0.21降至0.06。磨损率强烈依赖于硬度,在1wt% BP时达到最小值5.35×10−6 mm3·N−1·m−1,相比纯PEEK下降17.1%。纯PEEK磨损机制以磨粒磨损为主,随黑磷含量增加逐渐转变为疲劳磨损。减摩效应归因于磷氧化物和BP对摩擦转移膜的协同促进作用。

     

  • 图  1  黑磷(BP)结构示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of black phosphorus (BP) structure

    图  2  BP的SEM图像 (a)、XRD图谱 (b) 和XPS图谱-P2p分峰 (c)

    Figure  2.  SEM image (a), XRD pattern (b) and XPS spectrum-P2p peaks (c) of BP

    图  3  摩擦磨损试验示意图

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of friction and wear tests

    F—Load; d—Radius of abrasion mark

    图  4  BP/PEEK复合涂层显微组织图:(a) B0;(b) B1;(c) B2;(d) B4;(e) B4放大图;(f) B6;B4的EDS图谱:(g) P;(h) C;(g) O;(j) 元素含量

    Figure  4.  Microstructures of BP/PEEK composite coatings: (a) B0; (b) B1; (c) B2; (d) B4; (e) Enlarged view of B4; (f) B6; EDS spectra of B4: (g) P; (h) C; (i) O; (j) Element content

    图  5  BP/PEEK复合涂层附着力

    Figure  5.  Adhesion of BP/PEEK composite coatings

    图  6  BP/PEEK复合涂层显微硬度

    Figure  6.  Microhardness of BP/PEEK composite coatings

    图  7  BP/PEEK复合涂层摩擦学性能:(a) 摩擦曲线;(b) 稳态平均摩擦系数和磨损率

    Figure  7.  Tribological properties of BP/PEEK composite coatings: (a) Friction curves; (b) Steady-state average friction coefficient and wear rate

    图  8  BP/PEEK复合涂层磨痕SEM图像:(a) B0;(b) B1;(c) B2;(d) B4;(e) B6

    Figure  8.  SEM images of worn traces of BP/PEEK composite coatings: (a) B0; (b) B1; (c) B2; (d) B4; (e) B6

    图  9  B4磨损面EDS图谱:(a) 磨痕微观组织;(b) C;(c) O;(d) P;(e) 元素含量

    Figure  9.  EDS spectra on the worn surface of B4: (a) Microstructure of wear scar; (b) C; (c) O; (d) P; (e) Element content

    图  10  B4磨痕XPS光谱

    Figure  10.  XPS spectra of B4 wear scar

    表  1  BP/聚醚醚酮(PEEK)复合涂层的命名

    Table  1.   Naming of BP/polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK) composite coatings

    Sample BP of BP/PEEK/wt%
    B0 0
    B0.5 0.5
    B1 1
    B2 2
    B4 4
    B6 6
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-06-10
  • 修回日期:  2022-07-04
  • 录用日期:  2022-07-21
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-08-09
  • 刊出日期:  2023-06-15

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