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生物质材料对微纳塑料的吸附性能研究进展

朱高坚 陈李栋 段晟 吴伟兵 戴红旗 卞辉洋

朱高坚, 陈李栋, 段晟, 等. 生物质材料对微纳塑料的吸附性能研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-12
引用本文: 朱高坚, 陈李栋, 段晟, 等. 生物质材料对微纳塑料的吸附性能研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2022, 40(0): 1-12
Gaojian ZHU, Lidong CHEN, Sheng DUAN, Weibing WU, Hongqi DAI, Huiyang BIAN. Research progress on adsorption properties of biomass materials for micro/nano plastics[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.
Citation: Gaojian ZHU, Lidong CHEN, Sheng DUAN, Weibing WU, Hongqi DAI, Huiyang BIAN. Research progress on adsorption properties of biomass materials for micro/nano plastics[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica.

生物质材料对微纳塑料的吸附性能研究进展

基金项目: 国家十三五重大科技专项子课题(2019 YFC190106);国家林业和草原局植物纤维功能材料重点实验室开放基金(2020 KFJJ02); 江苏省高等学校大学生创新创业训练计划项目(202110298184 H)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    卞辉洋,讲师,硕士生导师,研究方向为纳米纤维素制备及功能化应用  E-mail:hybian1992@njfu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: X52

Research progress on adsorption properties of biomass materials for micro/nano plastics

  • 摘要: 废弃塑料在江河湖海中呈累积趋势,老化分解产生的微纳塑料严重污染水质,威胁生态环境和居民饮用水安全。传统处理方法,如物理絮凝、生物降解等,存在处理周期长、吸附效率低等问题。天然生物质含有大量的羟基、羧基等活性基团,对生物质进行物理处理或化学修饰改性能够改善孔隙结构和提高比表面积,可作为吸附微纳塑料的绿色材料。本文从微纳塑料的常规处理方法和基本特征出发,简要概况了不同类型微纳塑料对植物、动物和人体的潜在影响和危害,系统介绍了生物质材料(生物质炭、纤维素、甲壳素等)在微纳塑料吸附领域的研究现状,分析总结了生物质材料对微纳塑料的吸附行为、规律和作用机理,最后展望了生物质材料吸附微纳塑料的未来发展前景。

     

  • 图  1  微藻与微塑料之间的相互作用机制[23]

    Figure  1.  Interaction mechanism between microalgae and microplastics[23]

    图  2  铁改性生物质炭材料对微纳塑料的吸附机理[42]

    Figure  2.  Adsorption mechanism of Fe-modified biochar on micro-nano plastics[42]

    图  3  (a)改性生物炭对微纳塑料的吸附机理;(b)热处理降解微纳塑料的机理[43]

    Figure  3.  (a) Adsorption mechanism of modified biochar on micro-nano plastics; (b) Mechanism of degradation of micro-nano plastics by heat treatment[43]

    图  4  改性纤维素材料对PMMA、PVAc和PVC三种微纳塑料的吸附效率[47]

    Figure  4.  Adsorption efficiency of modified cellulose materials on PMMA, PVAc and PVC[47]

    图  5  采用表面敏感方法、石英晶体微天平与损耗监测(QCM-D)、结合图像分析和随机顺序吸附(RSA)模型定量评估聚苯乙烯(PS)纳米塑料的表面结合[49]

    Figure  5.  Quantitative assessment of surface binding of polystyrene (PS) nanoplastic particles using a surface-sensitive approach, quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D), coupled with image analysis and fittings with random sequential adsorption (RSA) model[49]

    图  6  甲壳素/氧化石墨烯复合功能材料构建及对PS微塑料的吸附性能示意图[56]

    Figure  6.  Schematic diagram of the construction of chitin/go composite functional materials and the adsorption performance of PS microplastics[56]

    图  7  壳聚糖纳米纤维海绵材料制备示意图[57]

    Figure  7.  Schematic diagram of preparation of chitosan nanofiber sponge material[57]

    图  8  可回收的磁性微型潜艇材料吸附去除水中油和微塑料示意图 [60]

    Figure  8.  Schematic diagram of recoverable magnetic micro-submarine material adsorption to remove oil and microplastics in water[60]

    表  1  微纳塑料在淡水系统中的分布现状

    Table  1.   Distribution of microplastics in water

    地区微纳塑料主要类型样品丰度文献
    南极洲,罗斯海PE、PP3.2×10−3~1.18 n·m−3[15]
    中国,三峡PE、PP、PS5.5×104~3.42×107 n·km−2[16]
    中国,太湖PE、PET、PP1×104~6.8×106 n·km−2[17]
    德国,莱茵河PS、PP、PVC、AAS1.45×105~3.07×106 n·km−2[18]
    美国,切萨皮克湾PE、PS5.5×102~ 2.6×105 n·km−2[19]
    瑞士,瑞士湖PE、PP、PS1.1×104~2.2×105 n·km−2[20]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  25℃下生物质材料对微纳塑料的吸附性能

    Table  2.   Adsorption properties of biomass materials on micro/nano plastics at 25℃

    材料成分制备方法MPs/NPs类型MPs/NPs浓度(mg·L−1)吸附性能(mg·g−1)主要作用机理文献
    苏格兰松/云杉树皮热解/蒸汽活化PE4000200物理截留/粒子内扩散[39]
    老化玉米芯H2SO4/HNO3氧化/热解PS100018表面扩散[41]
    改性磁性生物质炭Mg/Zn改性PS10099.21静电相互作用[43]
    改性纤维素粉末PEI交联PMMA、PVAc、PVC2000881.8~900静电相互作用[47]
    咖啡渣购买/洗净PS-NH2100-1254氢键/静电相互作用[48]
    甲壳素/GO/壳聚糖冷冻干燥PS/PS-NH2、PS-COOH18.79静电/氢键/π-π相互作用[56]
    壳聚糖NF定向冷冻干燥PET1000309.8物理截留/粒子内扩散[57]
    燕麦蛋白(OPS)冷冻干燥PS16.58疏水作用/粒子内扩散[59]
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-04-12
  • 录用日期:  2022-06-11
  • 修回日期:  2022-05-30
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-06-24

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