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MXene基水凝胶复合材料的研究进展

朱韵伊 彭伟 林泽慧 林武鋆 彭鸣 谭勇文

朱韵伊, 彭伟, 林泽慧, 等. MXene基水凝胶复合材料的研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2021, 38(7): 2010-2024 doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20210302.004
引用本文: 朱韵伊, 彭伟, 林泽慧, 等. MXene基水凝胶复合材料的研究进展[J]. 复合材料学报, 2021, 38(7): 2010-2024 doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20210302.004
Yunyi ZHU, Wei PENG, Zehui LIN, Wujun LIN, Ming PENG, Yongwen TAN. Research progress of MXene-based hydrogel composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2021, 38(7): 2010-2024. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20210302.004
Citation: Yunyi ZHU, Wei PENG, Zehui LIN, Wujun LIN, Ming PENG, Yongwen TAN. Research progress of MXene-based hydrogel composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2021, 38(7): 2010-2024. doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20210302.004

MXene基水凝胶复合材料的研究进展

doi: 10.13801/j.cnki.fhclxb.20210302.004
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(51771072;51901076);湖南省杰出青年科学基金(2020JJ2006)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    谭勇文,博士,教授,研究方向为多孔材料设计、制备及应用 Email:tanyw@hnu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB33

Research progress of MXene-based hydrogel composites

  • 摘要: MXenes是一类新型二维纳米片,随着MXenes材料的迅速发展,近年来,兴起了一种新型材料,即MXene基水凝胶复合材料,其在生物医学、能源、电磁干扰屏蔽、传感器等方面均具有广泛的应用前景。但目前MXene基水凝胶复合材料的制备和应用仍处于起步阶段。本文主要回顾MXene基水凝胶复合材料的最新进展,详细梳理MXene基水凝胶复合材料的制备方法,并重点介绍其潜在应用前景。最后,针对MXene基水凝胶复合材料领域中所面临的机遇和挑战进行展望。

     

  • 图  1  已报道的MXene基水凝胶复合材料的制备方法及其应用现状示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of reported preparation method and application status of MXene-based hydrogel composite

    图  2  Ti3C2Tx水凝胶的制备[32]

    Figure  2.  Fabrication of pristine Ti3C2Tx hydrogel[32]

    图  3  还原氧化石墨烯(RGO)-MXene复合水凝胶的合成过程示意图[34]

    Figure  3.  Schematic illustration of formation process of reduced graphene oxide (RGO)-MXene composite hydrogel[34]

    图  4  MXene纳米复合双网络水凝胶的合成过程[36]

    Figure  4.  Synthesis process of MXene nanocomposite double network hydrogel[36]

    MBAA—N,N′-Methylene diacrylamide; NIPAM—N-Isopropyl acrylamide; HAPAM—Hydrophobically associated polyacrylamide; PNIPAM—Poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide)

    图  5  Zn2+介导的MXene-氧化石墨烯(GO)纳米复合水凝胶的示意图[17]

    Figure  5.  Schematic process of Zn2+ mediated MXene-graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposite hydrogel[17]

    图  6  3D MXene-RGO复合气凝胶(a)[40]及MXene/聚酰亚胺(PI)复合气凝胶(b)[41]的合成示意图

    Figure  6.  Synthesis process of 3D MXene-RGO composite aerogel (a)[40] and MXene-polyimide (PI) composite aerogel (b)[41]

    PP—Polypropylene; PAA—Poly(amic acid); AAO—Anodized aluminum oxide

    图  7  MXene水凝胶制成的电极图片(a); MXene粉末和水凝胶在室温下扫描速率为20 mV·s−1时5个循环后的电化学阻抗图谱(b); MXene水凝胶电极的电容保持率,插图为MXene水凝胶在1 V·s−1的扫描速率下在第1个周期和第10000个周期的CV曲线(c)[30]; MXH、MX-GN膜和MXene膜电极在电流密度为0.2~1000 A·g−1时的高速率性能(d); 三种材料在1000 mV·s−1时的循环伏安曲线(e); 三种材料在开路电位下收集的奈奎斯特图(f)[29]

    Figure  7.  Picture of electrodes made of MXene hydrogel (a); Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy of MXene powder and hydrogel at room temperature at a scanning rate of 20 mV·s−1 after 5 cycles (b); Capacitance retention test of MXene hydrogel electrode, inset shows CV curve of MXene hydrogel at 1st cycle and 10000 th cycle at a scanning rate of 1 V·s−1 (c)[30]; Rate performance of MXH, MX-GN film and MXene film electrodes at current density of 0.2–1000 A·g−1 (d); Cyclic voltammetry curves of three materials collected at 1000 mV·s−1 (e); Nyquist plots of three materials collected at open circuit potential (f)[29]

    图  8  在1次循环(a)和100次循环(b)后MXene含量为30%的MXene/rGO复合气凝胶(MX/G-30)电极的SEM图橡; RGO和MX-G-30电极的Li-S电池在扫描速率为0.1 mV·s−1的循环伏安曲线(c); MX-G-30电极的Li-S电池在不同速率下的充电/放电曲线(d);MX-G-30电极的Li-S电池在500个循环的长期循环性能(e)[55]

    Figure  8.  SEM images of MXene/rGO hybrid aerogel with 30% MXene contents (MX/G-30) electrode after 1 cycle (a) and 100 cycles (b); Li-S battery with RGO and MX-G-30 electrodes at a scan rate of 0.1 mV·s−1 cyclic voltammetry curve (c); Charge/discharge curve of Li-S battery with MX-G-30 electrode at different rates (d); Li-S battery with MX-G-30 electrode long-term cycle performance of 500 cycles (e)[55]

    图  9  石墨烯气凝胶(GA) (a)、80% Ti3C2Tx MXene/RGO混合气凝胶(MGA-4) (b)侧面的SEM图像; 不同密度的GA和MGA-4的电导率(c);Ti3C2Tx含量对MGA的电导率的影响(d); MGA纳米复合材料的电导率(e)和EMI屏蔽性能(f)[56]

    Figure  9.  Side-view SEM images of graphene aerogel (GA) (a) and Ti3C2Tx MXene/RGO hybrid aerogel with 80% MXene contents (MGA-4) (b); Comparison of electrical conductivities of GA and MGA-4 with different bulk densities (c); Influence of Ti3C2Tx content on electrical conductivity of MGA (d); Electrical conductivity (e) and EMI shielding performance of MGA nanocomposite[56]

    图  10  MXene有机水凝胶(MNOH)和MXene纳米复合水凝胶(MNH)分别在低温下与LED灯的串联电路(a); 在不同的施加应变下基于MNOH传感器的相对电阻变化(b); 在微小应变(c)和较大应变(d)下MNOH传感器的相对电阻变化; 手指不同角度弯曲运功(e)及吞咽动作(f)[37]

    Figure  10.  Series circuit of MXene nanocomposite organohydrogel (MNOH) or MXene nanocomposite hydrogel (MNH) with LED lamp at low temperature, respectively (a); Relative resistance change based on MNOH sensor under different applied strain (b); Tiny strain (c) and high strain (d) relative resistance change of MNOH sensor; Fingers bending at different angles (e) and swallowing movements (f)[37]

    图  11  MXene基水凝胶(M-gel)发生器的制作示意图(a); 负载电阻为10 MΩ的电压输出(b); 将M-gel发生器封装在一块牛肉内(c)并测试(d)[61]

    Figure  11.  Schematic illustration of MXene-based hydrogel (M-gel) generator(a); Voltage output with a load resistance of 10 MΩ (b); Encapsulate M-gel generator inside a piece of beef (c), and measurement setup (d)[61]

    图  12  Ti3C2Tx水凝胶中垂直对齐通道快速水传输的显微镜图像(a); 不同浓度的Ti3C2Tx分散体的紫外-可见光图谱(b); 在1 kW·m−2辐射下原始Ti3C2Tx水凝胶的表面温度(c); 原始Ti3C2Tx水凝胶的蒸汽产生速率的测试设备(d); 比较不同原始Ti3C2Tx水凝胶的蒸发速率投影面积(e);Ti3C2Tx水凝胶在不同阳光照射下的稳定性测试和蒸汽产生性能(f)[32]

    Figure  12.  Microscopic image of fast water transmission in vertically aligned channels of Ti3C2Tx hydrogel (a); UV-vis spectra of Ti3C2Tx dispersions of different concentrations (b); Surface temperature of original Ti3C2Tx hydrogel under 1 kW·m−2 radiation (c); Test equipment for steam generation rate of original Ti3C2Tx hydrogel (d); Compare evaporation rate projection area of different original Ti3C2Tx hydrogels (e); Stability test and steam generation performance of Ti3C2Tx hydrogel under different sun illumination (f)[32]

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-01-13
  • 录用日期:  2021-02-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-03-02
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-15

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